Slide 11. Methods: Literature Review Inclusion Criteria

The Asthma Care Return-on-Investment Calculator

Slide presentation describes the Asthma Care Return-on-Investment Calculator.

Text Description is below the image.
A table displays the following information:


  • Includes: Children, adults under 65
  • Excludes: Adults 65 and over


  • Includes: United States
  • Excludes: Non-U.S. settings


  • Includes: Self-management of asthma or physician education
  • Excludes: Clinical trials comparing medications, summer camp

Type of study:

  • Includes: Individual interventions
  • Excludes: Meta-analysis, editorials

Timeframe of outcomes:

  • Includes: Studies of long-term effects of intervention (≥ 6 months)
  • Excludes: Studies of short-term effects of intervention (< 6 months)

Year published:

  • Includes: 1995-2007 (March)
  • Excludes: Before 1995; after March 2007


  • Includes: Hospitalization, outpatient visit, ED visit, total costs, cost of medications, cost of ancillary services, or productivity losses (missed work or school days)
  • Excludes: Studies with no utilization outcomes (e.g., only changes in quality of life, knowledge of asthma)


Page last reviewed October 2010
Internet Citation: Slide 11. Methods: Literature Review Inclusion Criteria: The Asthma Care Return-on-Investment Calculator. October 2010. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.