Expanding Housing Mobility Options:
Moving To Opportunity (MTO):
- U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) launched MTO demonstration in 1994 in five cities: Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York.
- MTO targeted families living in some of the nation's poorest, highest-crime communities and used housing subsidies to offer them a chance to move to lower-poverty neighborhoods.
- Findings from the follow up Three-City Study of MTO, in 2004 and 2005, answer some questions but also highlight the complexity of the MTO experience and the limitations of a relocation-only strategy.
- Away from concentrated poverty, would families fare better in terms of physical and mental health, risky sexual behavior and delinquency? Adolescent girls benefited from moving out of high poverty more than boys.
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