In this issue:
The National Black Nurses Association (NBNA) is continuing its ongoing efforts to encourage nurses to use unbiased, evidence-based health information from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) to educate patients as they compare their treatment options.
AHRQ’s Effective Health Care (EHC) Program research "plays a critical role in shaping the nurse clinician/patient interventions, improving current care practices and ultimately improving better patient health outcomes," said NBNA Executive Director Millicent Gorham, PhD.
As part of its partnership with AHRQ, NBNA recently invited AHRQ Director Carolyn M. Clancy, M.D., to highlight EHC Program resources in a plenary address at its annual conference. Dr. Clancy’s remarks at NBNA’s 40th Annual Institute and Conference emphasized the vital role of nurses and nurse practitioners in patient care, and how EHC Program materials can help in treatment decisionmaking and patient education. Nurses and nurse practitioners in attendance ordered more than 2,000 copies of EHC Program research summaries.
Nurses attending the conference were pleased to "learn more about how evidence-based research can be translated into practice by nurses at the bedside," said Dr. Gorham.
The EHC Program’s plain-language treatment summaries, available in formats for both clinicians and patients, can help nurses and nurse practitioners educate patients and help patients prepare for medical appointments.
The National Black Nurses Association represents more than 150,000 African American registered and licensed practical nurses, nursing students, and retired nurses.
NBNA member Iris Malone, DNP, FNP-BC, a family nurse practitioner and coordinator of Congregational Health Services at Our Lady of Lourdes Regional Medical Center in LaFayette, LA, leads health education efforts for local churches and the surrounding community. She plans to distribute EHC Program materials at health fairs and noted that materials on high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, and bone health are particularly relevant to African Americans and seniors.
EHC Program materials "help you learn about an illness and provide helpful information such as how to recognize certain symptoms," said Malone. "Information like this makes it easier for patients to ask their health care provider questions."
Women who face various health conditions need reliable information to talk to their health care providers about which treatment options are best for them. AHRQ’s Effective Health Care (EHC) Program offers a library of easy-to-read, evidence-based resources on women’s health to help women explore and compare their options, prepare to make the most of their medical visits, and make informed decisions about their health.
These and many other free materials for women to compare treatment options for conditions affecting them—including diabetes, breast cancer, high blood pressure, and osteoarthritis— available from AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program. Call 1-800-358-9295 and use reference code C-05 to order print copies. Additional resources on more than 800 women’s health topics are available from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Women’s Health—a member of the AHRQ Effective Health Care Program national partnership network.
New Evidence-Based Treatment Comparisons for Patients and Clinicians
Treatment comparison summaries help patients and clinicians learn about treatment options and compare their effectiveness, benefits, and risks. (To order free print copies, call 1-800-358-9295 and use reference code C-05.)
Orthopedic Surgery: Prevention of Venous Thromboembolism
Antipsychotic Medications: Children and Young Adults
Diabetes: Insulin Delivery and Glucose Monitoring
Respiratory Failure: Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation
Pregnancy: Progestogens for Prevention of Preterm Birth
New Research Reviews Comparing Treatment Options
Each of these reviews compares available evidence from numerous research studies. Companion summary resources for patients and clinicians will be available for each of these reviews in the future.
Asthma: Breathing Exercises
A new review finds that complementary breathing retraining methods such as hyperventilation (over-breathing) reduction breathing, when compared to other breathing techniques, may reduce asthma symptoms and may decrease use of quick relief medications. Only minor harms were reported in studies. Patients considering intensive asthma-focused training should not change their use of asthma medication without consulting with their medical provider. Read the full research review here: Comparative Effectiveness of Breathing Exercises and/or Retraining Techniques in the Treatment of Asthma.
Other New Research
Key Heart Treatment Practices Associated with Improved Survival in the Elderly
Two new research articles from AHRQ’s DEcIDE Network examine outcomes for elderly patients after aortic valve replacement (AVR). They study long-term survival following surgical AVR and the effectiveness of certain anticoagulants after bioprosthetic AVR in elderly patients. Long-Term Survival following Aortic Valve Replacement among High-risk Elderly Patients in the US: Insights from the STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database, 1991-2007 is published in Circulation and Early Anticoagulation of Bioprosthetic Aortic Valves in Older Patients: Results from the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery National Database is published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
EHC Inside Track is a newsletter highlighting important news and developments from AHRQ's Effective Health Care Program.
Call 1-800-358-9295 and use reference code C-05 to get free print copies of EHC Program clinician and consumer research summaries.