Carr, Brendan G.
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Grant Title: The Comparative Effectiveness of Time-Adjusted Trauma Center Care on Mortality
Grant Number: K08 HS17960
Duration: 5 years (2008-2013)
Total Award: $764,000
Project Description: The proposed research has three aims:
- Determine the accuracy of a model of prehospital times for patients traveling to trauma and nontrauma center hospitals.
- Determine whether severity-adjusted differences in mortality exist for injured patients treated at trauma and nontrauma center hospitals across the U.S.
- Determine if validated estimates of prehospital time are significant predictors of severity-adjusted mortality for injured patients treated at trauma and nontrauma center hospitals across the U.S.
Career Goals: Dr. Carr is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his MD from Temple University and served his residency in emergency medicine at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. This training was followed by a fellowship in trauma and surgical critical care at the same site. The grantee was then in the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine where he earned his Masters in Health Policy. Dr. Carr is dedicated to becoming an independent health services researcher in the field of emergency medicine. He would like to play an increasing role within organized emergency medicine as he believe organized physician groups can play an important role in shaping the manner of care delivery in the U.S.
Progress to Date: Dr. Carr now has prehospital data for all trauma patients treated at trauma centers in the State of Pennsylvania over a five year period. These data will be used to compare actual prehospital transport times to times that the grantee has calculated using estimates of ambulance travel times. The PI also has a cleaned and merged nationally representative datasets of patients admitted to hospitals with injuries over a five year period. A manuscript examining the effect of weekend and night admission for injured patients was recently presented at the Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma and was awarded Best Manuscript.
Future Plans: The grantee will complete Aim #2 and make substantial analytic progress on Aim #2.
Highlights and Specific Accomplishments:
- Jerry Zaslow Memorial Award for Academic Achievement and Community Activity, Temple University School of Medicine.
- Family Medicine Service Award for Commitment to Community Service, Temple University School of Medicine.
- Penn Pearls Teaching Award, University of Pennsylvania.
K-Generated Publications: None thus far.
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