Sources—U.S. Census Bureau
American Community Survey (ACS)
Mode of Administration
The ACS uses
three modes of data collection from households:
computer-assisted telephone interviewing
- Personal visits:
computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI).
Survey Sample Design
The ACS is a nationwide survey collecting and producing
population and housing information every year. The ACS shifted from a
demonstration program with a different sample design and sample size to the
full sample size and design in 2005. It became the largest household survey in
the United States,
with an annual sample size of about 3 million addresses. Every year, the ACS
can support the release of single-year estimates for geographic areas with
populations of 65,000 or more.
The ACS uses a series of monthly samples to produce
annually updated data. Each month, ACS selects a systematic sample of addresses
from the most current Master Address File (MAF). The sample represents the
entire United States.
A larger proportion of addresses are sampled for small governmental units
(American Indian reservations, counties, and towns). The monthly sample size is
designed to approximate the sampling ratio of Census 2000, including the
oversampling of small governmental units.
Primary Survey Content
The ACS is a new approach to producing critical
information about the characteristics of local communities. The ACS publishes
social, housing, and economic characteristics for demographic groups covering a
broad spectrum of geographic areas in the United
States and Puerto Rico.
Characteristics—School enrollment, educational attainment, marital
status, fertility, grandparents caring for children, veteran status, disability
status, residence one year ago, place of birth, U.S. citizenship status, year
of entry, world region of birth of the foreign born, language spoken at home,
relationship, households by type, and ancestry.
Characteristics—Employment status, commute to work, occupation, industry,
class of worker, income and benefits, and poverty status.
Characteristics—Housing occupancy, units in structure, year structure
built, number of rooms, number of bedrooms, housing tenure, year householder
moved into unit, vehicles available, house heating fuel, utility costs,
occupants per room, housing value, mortgage status and costs, and gross rent.
Characteristics—Sex, age, race, and Hispanic origin.
Total population living in the entire
at the time of the interview.
Gender, age, race/ethnicity, income, and
National, State, and local levels.
Agency home page: http://www.census.gov/.
Data system home page: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/.
U.S. Census Bureau. Design and methodology:
American Community Survey. Washington DC: Government Printing Office; 2006.
Available at: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/tp67.pdf.
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