Treatments for Fibromyalgia in Adult Subgroups

New information from the AHRQ's Effective Health Care Program examines the effectiveness of treatments for fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia affects more than 5 million Americans, with much higher prevalence in women compared with men (3.4% vs. 0.5%). Although fibromyalgia can occur in children, it is typically diagnosed in middle age and the prevalence of fibromyalgia increases with age until age 65, then declines in women. (Most patients with fibromyalgia are actually middle-aged women; men are less likely to be diagnosed with fibromyalgia even if they meet diagnostic criteria.)

There is no specific cure for fibromyalgia, but single or combined nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic treatments may mitigate symptoms and improve function in affected individuals. Treatments are most often multifaceted and involve multidisciplinary approaches and providers.

The general goals of treatment are to mitigate diffuse musculoskeletal pain, maximize physical and cognitive function, and optimize patient self-management and self-efficacy in dealing with fibromyalgia over time.

Select to access Treatments for Fibromyalgia in Adult Subgroups.

Page last reviewed February 2015
Internet Citation: Treatments for Fibromyalgia in Adult Subgroups. February 2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.