Behavioral Programs for Diabetes Mellitus
Behavioral Programs for Diabetes Mellitus, a new report from AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program, examined how effective behavioral programs can be in helping type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients control glucose levels.
For those with type 1 diabetes, behavioral programs improve glycemic control when followup with patients from health care providers lasts up to 6 months. Type 2 diabetes patients received limited benefit in controlling glucose levels from diabetes self-management education programs that provided 10 hours or less of interaction with a health care provider. Both diabetes self-management education and lifestyle programs–such as structured weight loss and physical activity interventions–can have benefits in terms of glycemic control. However, lifestyle programs appear better for reducing body mass index than programs that focus only on diabetes self-management.
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