Improving the Care of the Febrile Infant: Lessons Learned from AHRQ's Implementation Science Awards

Slide presentation from the AHRQ 2010 conference.

On September 28, 2010, Carrie L. Byington made this presentation at the 2010 Annual Conference. Select to access the PowerPoint® presentation (6.39 MB). Free PowerPoint® Viewer (Plugin Software Help).


Slide 1

Improving the Care of the Febrile Infant: Lessons Learned from AHRQ's Implementation Science Awards

AHRQ 2010 Annual Meeting
Improving the Care of the Febrile Infant: Lessons Learned from AHRQ's Implementation Science Awards

Carrie L. Byington, MD
HA and Edna Benning Presidential Professor of Pediatrics
University of Utah

Lucy Savitz, PhD
Director of Research and Education
Intermountain Healthcare

Slide 2

The Febrile Infant-Who Has SBI?

The Febrile Infant-Who Has SBI?

Images of 11 babies are displayed on the slide.

Slide 3

Background

Background

  • Fever in infants 1-90 days of age is one of the most common reasons for medical encounters
    • 20% of all medical encounters in first 90 days
    • 58% of all ED visits at PCMC
  • Fever of ≥ 38C is associated with serious bacterial infection (SBI)
    • ~ 10% will have bacteremia, meningitis, or UTI
  • Significant variation in care
    • Low compliance with guidelines
    • Recognized as a research priority by AAP, ABP, IOM, PROS

Slide 4

What are we Doing About the Febrile Infant at Intermountain Healthcare?

What are we Doing About the Febrile Infant at Intermountain Healthcare?

  • Not-for-profit hospitals, physician group, and health plan
  • 24 Hospitals
  • 144 Clinics
  • 736 employed & 2,000+ affiliated physicians
  • Serves about of the 1/2 Utah's population of about 2.8 million

Image of a map of Utah is on the whole slide.

Slide 5

Intermountain's Clinical Integration Structure

Intermountain's Clinical Integration Structure

  • Clinical excellence is our core business.
  • Implementation of evidence-based medicine as an institutional responsibility, rather than responsibility of individual physicians.
  • Process identification & priority setting.
  • Process and outcomes improvement through clinical programs structure.

Slide 6

Clinical Programs

Clinical Programs

  • Care organized by clinical services across the system (shared work processes rather than traditional departments)
  • Led by practicing clinicians (physicians, nurses)
  • Supported by operational and administrative staff and other clinicians from allied specialties

Slide 7

Intermountain Clinical Programs

Intermountain Clinical Programs

  • Behavioral Health
  • Cardiovascular Medicine and Surgery
  • General Surgery
  • Intensive Medicine
  • Oncology
  • Patient Safety
  • Pediatric Specialties
  • Primary Care
  • Women and Newborn

Slide 8

Challenge: Moving Evidence into Practice

Challenge: Moving Evidence into Practice

Reducing variation in compliance with evidence-based guidelines.

  • Care Process Models (CPMs) are narrative documents that aim at representing state-of-the-art medical knowledge.
  • Clinical Decision Support Tools can include all ways in which health care knowledge is represented in health information systems.
    • Advantages of computerized EB-CPM:
      • Provide readily accessible references and allow access to knowledge in guidelines that have been selected for use in a specific clinical context
      • Often improve the clarity of a guideline
      • Can be tailored to a patient's clinical state
      • Propose timely decision support that is specific for the patient

Slide 9

Key components of our strategy . . .

Key components of our strategy.

  • Identify problem
  • Establish evidence base
  • Develop, test, & implement using quality improvement tools (e.g., Six Sigma-define, measure, analyze, improve, control)

The University of Utah/Intermountain Febrile Infant EB-CPM was developed using an evidence base derived from prospective research at our institutions & others together with a Six Sigma process.

Slide 10

Key Quality Measures Included in the EB-CPM (The Intervention)

Key Quality Measures Included in the EB-CPM (The Intervention)

  • Core Laboratory Testing (CBC and UA)
  • Admit Patients High Risk for SBI
  • Viral Testing (EV and Respiratory Viruses)
  • Appropriate Antibiotics
  • Stop Antibiotics within 36 hours for Infants with Negative Bacterial Cultures
  • LOS 42 hours or less

Slide 11

Implementation Process: Key Steps

Implementation Process: Key Steps

Building EB
17 Publications

Clinical Program
Discussion

QI Test of Change Six Sigma @ PCMC

Facility Intro by Champion

Staff Meetings

Ready Access to Tools

Comparative Data Monitoring

Slide 12

A screen shot of Intermountain Physician.org is shown.

A screen shot of Intermountain Physician.org is shown.

Slide 13

An image of a page titled Inpatient Managemnt of Febrile Infants 1-90 days old

An image of a page titled "Inpatient Management of Febrile Infants 1—90 days old" and a flowchart of "Algoritum: Inpatient Care of Febrile Infants 1—90 days old." is shown.

Slide 14

An image of two forms are shown.

An image of two forms are shown.

Slide 15

An image titled "Percent of Admitted Febrile Infants receiving a Urinanlysis from January 2006 to July 2006: MK, PC, UV, and DX" is shown.

Image of a graph titled "Percent of Admitted Febrile Infants receiving a Urinalysis from January 2006 to July 2006: MK, PC, UV, and DX" is shown.

Slide 16

Median LOS for Febrile Infant Admissions with Negative Cultures by Admission Year

Median LOS for Febrile Infant Admissions with Negative Cultures by Admission Year

Median LOS (hours) MEDIAN(LOS_HRS)
Admit YearMcKay-DeePrimary Children'sUtah ValleyDixie
200258.55394.572
2003584811464
200461479560
200563437253
200652476854
200750.5465370
200846434648
200942424242

Slide 17

Evaluation of an Evidence-Based Care Process Model for Febrile Infants: Mixed Methods Study Aims

Evaluation of an Evidence-Based Care Process Model for Febrile Infants
Mixed Methods Study Aims

Semi-structured interviews to identify themes and unique aspects related to the implementation process, generating data to inform the spread

  • Hypothesis: the successful implementation of the EB-CPM at each facility required multiple and different factors as well as crosscutting themes.

Cost effectiveness of implementing the EB-CPM

Effect of offering the EB-CPM for Pediatric MOC

AHRQ 1 R18 HS018034-01, 7/1/09-6/30/11

Slide 18

Aim 1 Qualitative Analysis of Factors Related to Implementation of the EB-CPM

Aim 1 Qualitative Analysis of Factors Related to Implementation of the EB-CPM

The 7S Framework of McKinsey
 

Slide 19

Facility Context

Facility Context

FacilitySystemRegion2009 ER Visits 
PCMC(271 beds)Urban Central46,331
Utah Valley(367 beds)Urban South45,547
McKay Dee(311 beds)Urban North65,193
Dixie Regional(245 beds)Southwest40,430

All facilities are tertiary care, regional referral centers. Staffed beds noted.

Slide 20

Graph

7S Model LeversIntervention ElementsEmergent Themes
Shared ValueBoard goalVisibility & leadership involvement: A corporate wide effort, supported by a Board goal helps---knowing that everyone is doing it.
StrategyBuilding evidence base; phased implementation; clinical champion visitMD championHaving a credible physician meeting in person with staff at their facilities to describe the evidence, rationale for CPM, and answer questions was important.
StructureClinical integration/programsResources: We have the clinical program infrastructure to determine priorities, identify solutions, and make decisions about focused efforts for change.
SystemsCPM; decision support tools; informaticsTools: Providing documentation and support materials that are easily/readily accessible and that support or improve normal work flow. 
StyleFeedback reports; monitoringFeedback (to involved staff); and monitoring with valid measures; tracking costs.
StaffAdmin/managers, MDs, nurses, lab staffPeople: Involvement of nursing to make it happen! Physician buy-in. MOC 
SkillsDx, process, lab testsStaff training (with refresher), alignment with laboratory 
 
Current as of December 2010
Internet Citation: Improving the Care of the Febrile Infant: Lessons Learned from AHRQ's Implementation Science Awards. December 2010. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/events/conference/2010/byington/index.html