Early Results of Costs and Utilization, Virginia Coordinated Care Delivery System

Slide Presentation from the AHRQ 2011 Annual Conference

On September 20, 2011, Wally R. Smith made this presentation at the 2011 Annual Conference. Select to access the PowerPoint® presentation (1.8 MB). Plugin Software Help.

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Early Results of Costs and Utilization, Virginia Coordinated Care Delivery System

Wally R. Smith, MD, Donna K. McClish, PhD, Patricia Carcaise-Edinboro, PhD, Gloria Bazzoli, PhD, Alton Hart, MD, MPH, Arline Bohannon, MD, Peter Boling, MD, Sheldon Retchin, MD, MPH, MSHA
Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU)

AHRQ MD-10-012

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Background

  • Uninsured:
    • Utilization patterns similar to Medicaid, underinsured:
      • Poor.
      • Lower social support.
      • Less transportation, education, delayed gratification.
      • May use emergency department (ED) rather than primary care provider (PCP).
  • Health Care Reform:
    • Reduces the number of uninsured, underinsured:
      • Of the 46 million uninsured, estimated 32 million will soon be covered.
    • Expands Medicaid program to approximately 16 million newly insured.

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Do the Newly Insured Poor Change Utilization Patterns?

  • Not in some studies of providing managed care insurance-like programs to uninsured.
  • Barriers and Weaknesses of previous programs:
    • Short duration.
    • Dose of managed care variable:
      • Little case management.
      • Poor PCP (geographic or time) availability.
      • Few barriers to ED access.
      • Comorbidity mix unfavorable.

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Virginia Coordinated Care 2000-Present

  • Patient-Centered Medical Home Insurance-like program for uninsured:
    • Uses managed care principles.
  • All patients qualify for the Indigent care program supported by federal Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) and State General funds.
  • Primary care provided by community PCP's funded by VCUHS profits from commercial plans.
  • Fee-for-service (FFS) and Management fee paid to PCPs in urban communities surrounding VCU:
    • Catchment area within 30 miles of VCU.
  • Patients given card with PCP's name.
  • Case managers support, assist with Δ's.
  • Enrollment files managed by Medicaid HMO owned by VCU Health System.

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Initial Evaluation of VCC

  • Lower ED visit rates.
  • Patients saw PCP.
  • VCC off-loaded patients to community physicians.
  • Community physicians happy with management fees.
  • Case management dose small.
  • Short-term evaluation only.

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VCC Preliminary Data

(January 1, 2001, to December 31, 2003)

VariableNo. (%) N=2389
Before EnrolmentAfter Enrolment
Any inpatient discharge420 (17.6)330 (13.8)
Any emergency department visit1765 (73.9)1024 (42.9)
Any primary care visit557 (23.3)788 33.0)
Any specialty care visit1729 (72.4)1895 (79.3)

P <.001 for all comparisons.

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How Did VCC Enrollment, Costs, and Utilization Grow from 2003-2005?

  • Utilization?
  • Per Member Per Month (PMPM) Costs?
  • Uptake by community PCP's?
  • Relative costs?

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VCC Enrollment, Utilization, Costs FY03-FY05

 FY03FY04FY05Increase
03-05
Enrollees14,65516,36118,28925%
Memb Mos112,773127,254146,42230%
Private Practice Memb Mos48,19553,21861,80528%
PMPM$477$467$4974%
Total Cost ($M)53.859.572.835%

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PMPM Costs by Svc Type

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* Missing ED data for Richmond Community Hospital FY03, all data for FY05 incomplete.

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Uptake of Primary Care, Specialty Care

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Uptake by Community Primary Care

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PMPM Costs by Place of Primary Care

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Conclusions-1

  • There was a 12% annual increase, and a 25% increase overall, in VCC enrollment from FY 2003-2005.
  • Simultaneously, community practitioner member months increased 28%.
  • Per member per month costs rose slightly for pharmacy and ED, but were flat for inpatient and outpatient services.

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Conclusions-2

  • Overall, the percentages of VCC pts seeking primary care slightly increased, but so did the percentage w all other visits. Specialty care utilization percentages dropped slightly.
  • Uptake %'s by community primary care mirrored dropoff %'s by VCU primary care.
  • Community primary care PMPM rose, but was more than offset by decreases in university primary care PMPM, leading to a decrease in PMPM for these segments combined. Specialty care PMPM remained flat.

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ED PMPM Details

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* Missing ED data for Richmond Community Hospital FY03, all data for FY05 incomplete.

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Hadley 2008 Spending Vs VCC 2005

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Current as of March 2012
Internet Citation: Early Results of Costs and Utilization, Virginia Coordinated Care Delivery System. March 2012. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/events/conference/2011/smith/index.html