mAHRQetplace Café Exhibit Tables
Table 1: Tools for Preventing Hospital-Acquired Conditions and Readmissions
The Partnership for Patients: Better Care, Lower Costs is a new public-private partnership that will help improve the quality, safety, and affordability of health care for all Americans. The two core goals of this partnership are to keep patients from getting injured or sicker in the health care system and to help patients heal without complications by improving transitions from hospitals to other care settings. There are nine areas of focus: adverse drug events, catheter-associated urinary tract infections, central line associated blood stream infections, injuries from falls and immobility, obstetrical adverse events, pressure ulcers, surgical site infections, venous thromboembolism, ventilator-associated pneumonia, and other hospital-acquired conditions.
Table 2: General Patient Safety Information
AHRQ has developed a wide variety of patient safety resources, including patient safety culture assessment tools for hospitals, nursing homes, and medical offices. In addition, TeamSTEPPS is an evidence-based teamwork system aimed at optimizing patient outcomes by improving communication and other teamwork skills among health care professionals. Key journal articles and other resources can be found on AHRQ's Patient Safety Network and WebM&M (Morbidity and Mortality Rounds on the Web), an online journal and forum on patient safety and health care quality. AHRQ also administers the provisions of the Patient Safety Act and the rules dealing with the operation of Patient Safety Organizations (PSOs), which are designed to improve the quality and safety of health care by encouraging clinicians and health care organizations to voluntarily report and share data on patient safety events without fear of legal discovery.
Table 3: National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR)/State Snapshots/National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR), Consumer Assessment of Health Plans (CAHPS®)
For the eighth year in a row, AHRQ has produced the National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) and the National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR). These reports measure trends in effectiveness of care, patient safety, timeliness of care, patient centeredness, and efficiency of care. New this year, are chapters on care coordination and health system infrastructure. The reports present, in chart form, the latest available findings on quality of and access to health care.
The State Snapshots provide State-specific health care quality information, including strengths, weaknesses, and opportunities for improvement. The goal is to help State officials and their public- and private-sector partners better understand health care quality and disparities in their State.
The Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) program develops and supports the use of a comprehensive and evolving family of standardized surveys that ask consumers and patients to report on and evaluate their experiences with health care. The CAHPS surveys cover topics that are important to consumers, such as the communication skills of providers and the accessibility of services. These individuals and organizations use the data to inform their purchasing or contracting decisions and to improve the quality of health care services
Table 4: Health Information Technology
AHRQ's Health Information Technology (IT) Portfolio develops and disseminates evidence to inform policy and practice on how health IT can improve the quality and cost-effectiveness of American health care. The Portfolio supports research and demonstrations, conducts evidence synthesis, and disseminates evidence based tools for implementation of best practices.
Table 5: Prevention/Care Management
AHRQ's Prevention/Care Management Program aims to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of the delivery of evidence-based preventive services and chronic care management in ambulatory care settings. The Program provides ongoing support to the United States Preventive Services Task Force to conduct scientific evidence reviews of clinical preventive services and develop recommendations for the health care community. It also supports projects that range from fostering the primary care medical home to developing and evaluating innovative chronic-disease management programs.
Table 6: Effective Health Care Program
AHRQ's Effective Health Care (EHC) Program provides evidence about the comparative effectiveness of different medications and other treatments for numerous medical conditions. The objective is to help consumers, health care providers, and others make informed choices among treatment options. The program produces literature reviews, clinician and consumer guides, and other publications and resources about specific medical conditions.
Table 7: Innovations Exchange
The AHRQ Health Care Innovations Exchange Web site offers health professionals and researchers opportunities to share, learn about, and ultimately adopt evidence-based innovations and tools. The site can be searched by disease, care setting, patient population, etc. The exchange features new or altered products, services, processes, systems, organizational structures, or business models that aim to improve care or reduce disparities.
Table 8: National Guideline Clearinghouse/ National Quality Measures Clearinghouse (NGC/NQMC)
The National Guideline Clearinghouse is a Web-based repository of more than 2,000 evidence-based clinical practice guidelines from more than 300 guideline developers. The National Quality Measures Clearinghouse is a Web-based repository of measures for quantifying health care quality with nearly 2,000 evidence-based quality measures from about 40 measure developers.
Table 9: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS)
The Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), which began in 1996, is a set of large-scale surveys of families and individuals, their medical providers (doctors, hospitals, pharmacies, etc.), and employers across the United States. MEPS collects data on specific health services that Americans use, how frequently they use them, the cost of these services, and how they are paid for, as well as data on the cost, scope, and breadth of health insurance held by and available to U.S. workers.
Table 10: MONAHRQ and VALUE Initiative
MONAHRQ, My Own Network Powered by AHRQ, is a free software application that enables States, hospitals, health plans, and other organizations to quickly and easily generate a Web site that can be used for internal quality improvement or reporting quality information to the public. For example, a hospital can create its own Web site by downloading MONAHRQ from the AHRQ Web site and entering its own hospital administrative data on patient characteristics, diagnoses, procedures, health insurance type, and charges to determine its hospital care quality and use.
AHRQ's Value Initiative to provide better care at lower cost focuses on three important research areas: providers producing greater value, consumers and payers choosing value, and the payment system rewarding value.
Table 11: Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) and Quality Indicators (QIs)
The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP, pronounced "H-Cup") is a family of health care databases and related software tools and products developed through a Federal–State–Industry partnership and sponsored by AHRQ. The free HCUP databases enable research on a broad range of health policy issues, including cost and quality of health services, medical practice patterns, access to health care programs, and outcomes of treatments at the national, State, and local market levels.
The AHRQ Quality Indicators (QIs) are measures of health care quality that make use of readily available hospital inpatient administrative data. The AHRQ QIs consist of four modules measuring various aspects of quality. Software and user guides for all four modules are available to assist users in applying the QIs to their own data.
Table 12: Health Disparities: Priority Populations
AHRQ supports numerous programs aimed at improving the health of vulnerable populations and reducing disparities in health and health care quality for racial/ethnic minority and vulnerable populations. Vulnerable priority populations include children; the elderly; inner city, low-income groups; people with disabilities; those needing chronic or end-of-life care, and more.
Table 13: General AHRQ Information & Funding Opportunities
AHRQ's mission is to improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and effectiveness of health care for all Americans. AHRQ fulfills its mission through establishing a broad base of scientific research to promote improvements in clinical and health system practices. The goal of AHRQ's research is measurable improvements in American health care, gauged in terms of improved quality of life and patient outcomes, lives saved, and value gained for money spent. AHRQ offers diverse funding opportunities that depend on its research priorities, which range broadly from priority populations and health care system redesign to healthcare- associated infections and management of complex patients.