Figure 2. Multiple ways of knowing (Text Description)

Expanding Research and Evaluation Designs to Improve the Science Base for Health Care and Public Health Quality Improvement Symposium

On September 13-15, 2005, AHRQ convened a meeting to examine public health quality improvement interventions.

The figure is a circle divided into four quadrants.

Quadrant 1 in the upper left is labeled:

Clinician
Self Awareness
Reflection, Journaling

An arrow points down to Quadrant 2 (lower left), which is labeled:

Patient, Family, Community
Personal Values
In-depth Interviews
Living in Place

The arrow between these two quadrants is labeled:

Relationship
Human Interactions
Participant Observation

From Quadrant 2, an arrow points to Quadrant 3 (lower right), which is labeled:

System
Organizations
Health Services Research

The arrow between Quadrants 2 and 3 is labeled:

Justice
Social Values
Policy Analysis

From Quadrant 3, an arrow points up to Quadrant 4 (upper right), which is labeled:

Disease
Science
Epidemiology and Experimentation

The arrow between Quadrants 3 and 4 is labeled:

Prioritization
Value
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

The arrow that points from Quadrant 4 back to Quadrant 1 is labeled:

Information Mastery
Evidence-Based Medicine
Learning

At the center of the circle is:

Integration
Health Care & Healing
Transdisciplinary,
Multi-method,
Participatory

A note below the figure explains: For each item, bold capitalized words on the first line signify "FOCUS OF KNOWLEDGE," normal text on the second line signifies "Task of Understanding," and italicized words on the third line signify "Mode of Inquiry."

Return to Figure

Current as of March 2009
Internet Citation: Figure 2. Multiple ways of knowing (Text Description): Expanding Research and Evaluation Designs to Improve the Science Base for Health Care and Public Health Quality Improvement Symposium . March 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/events/other/phqisymp/phqifig2txt.html