Pediatric Hospital Inpatient Stays for Asthma and Diabetes

HCUP Statistical Brief #192

Asthma is one of the most common chronic conditions in childhood, affecting 6.8 million, or 9 percent of, children aged 17 years or younger in 2012. Although pediatric asthma is more prevalent than diabetes, diabetes is becoming an increasingly common chronic condition among children..

Potentially Preventable Pediatric Hospital Inpatient Stays for Asthma and Diabetes, a statistical brief from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP), presents data on potentially preventable inpatient hospitalizations for asthma and diabetes with short-term complications among children aged 0-17 years.

Highlights:

  • In 2012, the rate of potentially preventable pediatric inpatient stays was 142.9 for asthma and 32.4 for diabetes per 100,000 children aged 0-17 years.
  • Between 2003 and 2008, the rate of potentially preventable pediatric stays decreased by 34 percent for asthma and 16 percent for diabetes, but then increased 21 percent from 2008 to 2012 for both conditions.
  • By 2012, aggregate hospital costs totaled $417.2 million for asthma and $89.4 million for diabetes. This represents over a 50 percent increase from 2008, which is attributable to increases in the number of stays and average cost per stay.
  • Between 2003 and 2012, the rate of potentially preventable stays for asthma per 100,000 children aged 0-17 years decreased for all age groups, with a nearly 50 percent decrease for children aged 15-17 years (from 72.8 to 38.7). The rate in 2012 was over 7 times lower than the rate for children aged 0-4 years (290.4).
  • Rates of potentially preventable pediatric stays per 100,000 were more than twice as high in the lowest income quartile as in the highest for diabetes (43.0 vs. 18.9) and asthma (214.1 vs. 89.5) in 2012, although asthma stays declined the most among children from the poorest areas.
  • Medicaid was the leading payer of potentially preventable pediatric stays for asthma (58.1 percent) and for diabetes (47.2 percent) in 2012, reflecting a 10-year decline in privately insured hospital stays.

 Select to access Potentially Preventable Pediatric Hospital Inpatient Stays for Asthma and Diabetes.

Page last reviewed July 2015
Internet Citation: Pediatric Hospital Inpatient Stays for Asthma and Diabetes : HCUP Statistical Brief #192. July 2015. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/hcup.html