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Research Activities, July 2013

July 2013

Contents

About Research Activities

Feature Story

Care of Oklahoma tornado victims helped by AHRQ-supported information system
From the Director

Certain therapies and medications improve outcomes of adults with post-traumatic stress disorder
School-based interventions show promise for helping children after trauma not due to family violence

Health Information Technology

Telemedicine may be a useful tool for managing hypertension, particularly among nondiabetic patients
Web-based risk appraisal tool increases capture of family history data in electronic health records
Decision support boosts appropriate use of HPV vaccine
Challenges remain when using simulation–based training in pediatric anesthesiology
Accuracy of electronic quality reporting varies across quality measures

Patient Safety and Quality

Soap and ointment slashes deadly MRSA infections in sickest hospital patients
Crisis checklists may substantially reduce the likelihood of critical missed steps in the operating room
Surgeons experience conflict with intensivists over intensive care unit care of patients after surgery
Multiple patient safety problems infrequently occur during one single hospitalization but are far more resource-intensive
New oral anticoagulant has begun to replace warfarin in treating atrial fibrillation since FDA approval
Safe patient handling program does not inhibit recovery of rehabilitation patients or create equipment dependence
Treatment for community-acquired Streptococcus pneumoniae is the same, regardless of risk factors for drug-resistant strain
Lung nodule size predicts adherence to guidelines for managing them

Chronic Disease

Metformin poses fewer cardiovascular risks than sulfonylureas for patients with diabetes
Simultaneous control of diabetes, hypertension, and high cholesterol is difficult to achieve
Serious mental illness not associated with higher hospital readmission for diabetic patients
Antitumor necrosis factor-a therapy boosts rate of mycobacterial diseases in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Smoking does not reduce the effectiveness of rheumatoid arthritis treatment
People with disabilities frequently experience pain and fatigue

Primary Care

Primary care practices can improve colorectal cancer screening

Acute Care/Hospitalization

Odds of receiving a transfusion during major noncardiac surgery can vary fourfold among hospitals
Presurgical evaluations and epilepsy surgery are no longer limited to large medical centers
Most stroke patients are assessed for rehabilitation during their initial hospitalization
Statin users found to have a reduced risk of C. difficile infection

Health Care Costs and Financing

Ambulatory surgery centers and physician offices are less expensive than hospitals for outpatient urological surgery

Child/Adolescent Health

Older teens with type 1 diabetes face challenges as they transition into adult care
Pediatric readmission rates vary by condition and hospital type
Children exposed to partner violence and parental depression are at risk for ADHD

Disparities/Minority Health

Socioeconomic status does not influence how black parents position their infants for sleep

Men’s Health

Frequent tea consumption leads to significant health benefits in older men
Radiation treatments show similar results in prostate cancer patients after surgery

Comparative Effectiveness Research

Bariatric surgery effective for treating diabetes in some obese patients
SmartPill equally effective at detecting gastroparesis and constipation
Tools can improve health care provider adherence to asthma guidelines
More research needed to effectively prevent blood clots in special populations
Review finds insufficient evidence to compare effectiveness of most local therapies for inoperable primary liver cancer
More research needed on effective treatments for peripheral artery disease

Clinical Cases

Clinical Cases

AHRQ Stats

AHRQ Stats

News and Notes

News and Notes

Research Briefs

Research Briefs

Page last reviewed July 2013
Internet Citation: Research Activities, July 2013: July 2013. July 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/research-activities/13jul/index.html