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Research Activities, January 2014

Contents

About Research Activities

Feature Story

New Director Revamps AHRQ's Mission
From the Director

Patient Safety and Quality of Care

Deaths from septic shock decline when guidelines followed
Jump in opioid prescribing not linked to improved treatment of pain
Telephone communication between poison control centers and emergency departments fraught with problems
No increased risk of severe adverse drug events in patients treated with antibiotics for acute respiratory infections
Readmission rates vary moderately from year to year, suggesting need for other measures of hospital care quality
Staff perception of infection prevention safety culture varies among hospitals
Improved hospital work environment linked to less nurse burnout and job dissatisfaction
Despite use of topical antimicrobial therapies for MRSA decolonization, resistance remains low

Chronic Disease

Biological drug offers multiple sclerosis patients fewer relapses and improved quality of life, despite some risks
The VA uses its own and outsourced dialysis facilities for growing number of veterans with end-stage renal disease
Some blacks with chronic kidney disease are at particularly high risk for adverse outcomes
HIV-infected patients with higher levels of patient activation are more likely to exhibit viral suppression
Social marketing campaign may not improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy
Loss of bone mineral density over time is associated with progressive cartilage loss in osteoarthritic knees

Disparities/Minority Health

Behavioral incentives can help nutritional assistance program recipients make healthier food choices
Racial-ethnic differences exist in use of asthma controller medications
Wait times for substance abuse treatment affected by race and other factors
Population factors explain most between-State disparities in rates of gestational diabetes

Health Care Costs and Financing

Medicare Part D prescription drug coverage boosts use of antidementia drugs
The ambulatory care cost benefits of integrated delivery systems may not extend to inpatient surgery

Women's Health

Women with breast cancer more likely to have sentinel lymph node biopsy if physician affiliated with community oncology program

AHRQ Stats

AHRQ Stats

Health Information Technology

Public health may benefit from computer-based clinical decision support

Comparative Effectiveness Research

Demonstration project uses public deliberation methods to obtain informed public opinion on complex health issues

News and Notes

News and Notes

Research Briefs

Research Briefs

Follow AHRQ news on Twitter

Follow AHRQ news on Twitter

Page last reviewed January 2014
Internet Citation: Research Activities, January 2014. January 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/research-activities/14jan/index.html