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Research Activities, April 2012, No. 380

April 2012, No. 380

Research Activities includes announcements of Agency products and projects and summarizes research findings from studies supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).

Contents

About Research Activities

Feature Story

AHRQ expert discusses trends and challenges in health information technology
From the Director

Primary Care

Majority of conditions treated in emergency departments are treatable in primary care clinics
Primary care providers who provide contraceptive counseling increase patients' contraceptive use
Primary care visits every 2 weeks linked to better treatment outcomes for patients with diabetes

Patient Safety and Quality

A "diabetes dashboard" screen helps clinicians quickly and accurately access patient data needed for quality diabetes care
Patient surveys are an additional useful tool for identifying adverse events occurring during hospital stays
Public reporting of performance data seems to motivate and energize improvements to hospital performance

Chronic Disease

Injection of hyaluronic acid, a natural joint lubricant, appears effective in reducing pain from wear and tear on the knee
Heart failure hospitalization and mortality rates drop between 1998 and 2008
Drug-eluting stents appear safe for older patients with chronic kidney disease
Market forces underlie provision of peritoneal dialysis by dialysis facilities
 

Outcomes/Effectiveness Research

Blood pressure control persists after physician-pharmacist intervention ends
Physician personality factors do not seem to influence whether patients with symptoms undergo extended diagnostic evaluations
C-reactive protein testing is not more effective than an educational intervention to decrease antibiotic prescriptions for patients seen for acute cough
Accuracy of ultrasound for ectopic pregnancy in the emergency department is not helped by measuring a key pregnancy hormone
Performance measures for gastroenterology can lead to improved accountability
Clinical algorithm can identify and locate serious internal bleeding related to oral anticoagulant use

Comparative Effectiveness Research

Self-measured blood pressure monitoring to manage hypertension may offer a small benefit
Not enough evidence to recommend fecal DNA testing for adults at average risk for colorectal cancer

Elderly/Long-Term Care

Elders and families find it difficult to interpret data from passive sensors that help monitor elderly activity
Improving quality of care for falls and urinary incontinence also improves quality of life in elderly patients

Disparities/Minority Health

Lower flu vaccination rates for black nursing home residents a cause for concern

Agency News and Notes

Six in 10 obese adults have joint pain
Hospital readmissions higher for chronic conditions
Midwest hospitals lead in newborn male circumcision rates

Announcements

New resources available for comparing osteoarthritis pain medications
Register for the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Data Users' Workshop
Register for HCUP webinar series
AHRQ offers public reporting organizations communications tips
Free TeamSTEPPS® training opportunities
AHRQ announces funding opportunity on patient-centered outcomes research dissemination
AHRQ solicits measures of children's health care quality for CHIPRA 2013

Research Briefs

Research Briefs

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Healthcare 411
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Current as of April 2012
Internet Citation: Research Activities, April 2012, No. 380: April 2012, No. 380. April 2012. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsletters/research-activities/apr12/index.html