Clostridium difficile Infection in Hospitalized Children in the United States

Articles of Interest: January 7, 2011

A weekly compilation of articles appearing in recently released journals and newsletters, including articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers, mentioning or discussing AHRQ staff, activities, and publications/products, or other research using AHRQ data or products.

This weekly compilation of articles appearing in recently released journals and newsletters includes:

  • Articles funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) or authored by AHRQ researchers.
  • Articles mentioning or discussing AHRQ staff, activities, and publications/products.
  • Articles related to AHRQ-funded Evidence-based Practice Centers.
  • Articles related to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force or Put Prevention into Practice program.
  • Articles mentioning the National Healthcare Disparities Report and National Healthcare Quality Report.
  • Other research using AHRQ data or products.

AHRQ-Funded/Authored Articles

Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Nylund CM, Goudie A, Garza JM, et al. Clostridium difficile infection in hospitalized children in the United States. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2011 Jan 3. [Epub ahead of print. Supported by grant HS16957 (to second author); uses 1997, 2000, 2003, and 2006 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database (KID); cites AHRQ publications, Introduction to the KIDS' Inpatient Database (KID), 2006, 2008, Clostridium Difficile-Associated Disease in U.S. Hospitals, 1993-2005, HCUP Statistical Brief 50, 2008, and Trends in Children's Antibiotic Use: 1996 to 2001, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) Research Findings 23, 2005.] Select to access the abstract.

Cancer
Gruschkus SK, Lairson D, Dunn JK, et al. Use of white blood cell growth factors and risk of acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome among elderly patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cancer 2010 Nov 15; 116(22):5279-89. [Supported by grant R01 HS16743.] Select to access the abstract.

Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology
Mutter R, Valdmanis V, Rosko M. High versus lower quality hospitals: a comparison of environmental characteristics and technical efficiency. Health Serv Outcomes Res Method 2010; 10(3-4):134-53. [First author is a researcher in AHRQ's Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets; uses the Patient Safety Indicators module of AHRQ's Quality Indicator software and HCUP State Inpatient Databases (SID) data for 34 states; cites Overview of the State Inpatient Databases (SID), as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site; acknowledges support from contributing data organizations in participating states"; cites AHRQ-authored articles by Houchens, Elixhauser (researcher in AHRQ's Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets), and Romano (Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf, 2008), Mutter, Rosko, and Wong (Health Serv Res, 2008), and Wong, Zhan (researcher in AHRQ's Center for Outcomes and Evidence), and Mutter (Rev Ind Organ, 2005), which use HCUP data and/or various modules of the AHRQ Quality Indicators; cites AHRQ publication, Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation, Volume 4: Programs, Tools, and Products, 2005, and AHRQ-funded article by Rosko et al. (Med Care Res Rev, 2001).]

Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Fontaine P, Flottemesch TJ, Solberg LI, et al. Is consistent primary care within a patient-centered medical home related to utilization patterns and costs? J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):10-19. [Supported by contract HHSA-290-2007-10010-TO4; acknowledges review and comments by David Lanier [researcher in AHRQ's Center for Primary Care, Prevention, and Clinical Partnerships]"; cites AHRQ-authored article by Clancy (AHRQ director) and Massion (JAMA, 1992).] Select to access the abstract.

Solberg LI, Asche SE, Fontaine P, et al. Relationship of clinic medical home scores to quality and patient experience. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):57-66. [Supported by AHRQ (possibly under contract HHSA-290-2007-10010-TO4 cited above); acknowledges review and comments by David Lanier [researcher in AHRQ's Center for Primary Care, Prevention, and Clinical Partnerships]"; cites AHRQ-funded article by Solberg, Kottke, and Brekke (Eff Clin Pract, 2001).] Select to access the abstract.

Phillips RL Jr, Bronnikov S, Petterson S, et al. Case study of a primary care-based accountable care system approach to medical home transformation. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):67-77. [Supported by contract HHSA-290-2007-10008-TO6.] Select to access the abstract.

Flottemesch TJ, Fontaine P, Asche SE, et al. Relationship of clinic medical home scores to health care costs. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):78-89. [Supported by contract HHSA-290-2007-10010-TO4; cites AHRQ-funded article by Feifer et al. (Top Health Inf Manage, 2001).] Select to access the abstract.

Medical Care
Goldman LE, Walker R, Miglioretti DL, et al. Accuracy of diagnostic mammography at facilities serving vulnerable women. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):67-75. [Supported by grant 1 K08 HS18090-01.] Select to access the abstract.

Wolf MS, Davis TC, Curtis LM, et al. Effect of standardized, patient-centered label instructions to improve comprehension of prescription drug use. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):96-100. [Supported in part by grants R01 HS17687 and R01 HS19435 (principal investigator is first author); mentions that an AHRQ-funded clinical trial (performed under the grants Enhanced Prescription Drug Label Design to Improve Patient Understanding and Use and Enhanced Spanish Drug Label Design to Promote Patient Understanding and Use, which funded this study) is increasing knowledge about the feasibility and effectiveness of the patient-centered label to improve patients' actual use of prescription medications.] Select to access the abstract.

Min LC, Reuben DB, Keeler E, et al. Is patient-perceived severity of a geriatric condition related to better quality of care? Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):101-7. [Supported in part by grant R21 HS17621 (to first author); cites AHRQ-funded articles by Landon et al. (JAMA, 2004) and Asch et al. (Int J Qual Health Care, 2004). Also refer to AHRQ-funded article by Dahabreh et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2011) cited in Evidence-based Practice Centers-Related Articles.] Select to access the abstract.

AHRQ-Related Articles

American Journal of Medicine
Kupersmith J, Ommaya AK. The past, present, and future of comparative effectiveness research in the US Department of Veterans Affairs. Am J Med 2010 Dec; 123(12 Suppl 1):e3-e7. [Cites AHRQ-authored article by Tunis, Stryer, and Clancy (second and third authors are former AHRQ center director and current AHRQ director, respectively) (JAMA, 2003).] Select to access the abstract.

Huang GD, Ferguson RE, Peduzzi PN, et al. Scientific and organizational collaboration in comparative effectiveness research: the VA Cooperative Studies Program model. Am J Med 2010 Dec; 123(12 Suppl 1):e24-e31. [Cites AHRQ-authored article by Tunis, Stryer, and Clancy (second and third authors are former AHRQ center director and current AHRQ director, respectively) (JAMA, 2003).] Select to access the abstract.

Atkins D, Kupersmith J. Implementation research: a critical component of realizing the benefits of comparative effectiveness research. Am J Med 2010 Dec; 123(12 Suppl 1):e38-e45. [First author is former AHRQ researcher; mentions that "a recent call for research proposals from [AHRQ] has highlighted the need for studies to demonstrate effective implementation of CER"; cites ARRA OS; Recovery Act 2009 Limited Competition: Accelerating Implementation of Comparative Effectiveness Findings on Clinical and Delivery System Interventions by Leveraging AHRQ Networks (R18), as posted on the NIH Grants Web site; cites AHRQ-authored article by Dougherty and Conway (current and former AHRQ researchers) (JAMA, 2008).] Select to access the abstract.

Annals of Internal Medicine
Sinsky CA. The patient-centered medical home neighbor: a primary care physician's view. Ann Intern Med 2011 Jan 4; 154(1):61-2. [Cites article by Pham et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2009) that uses AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity measures (Elixhauser et al, Med Care, 1998).] Select to access the abstract.

Yee HF. The patient-centered medical home neighbor: a subspecialty physician's view. Ann Intern Med 2011 Jan 4; 154(1):63-4. [Cites article by Pham et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2009) that uses AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity measures (Elixhauser et al, Med Care, 1998).]

BMC Family Practice
Fortin M, Hudon C, Gallagher F, et al. Nurses joining family doctors in primary care practices: perceptions of patients with multimorbidity. BMC Fam Pract 2010 Nov 4; 11:84. [Cites AHRQ-authored article by Zhan, Sangl, Bierman, Miller, Friedman, Wickizer, and Meyer (JAMA, 2001), which uses 2001 MEPS data.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Solberg LI. How can we remodel practices into medical homes without a blueprint or a bank account? J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):3-9. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Berenson et al. (J Gen Intern Med, 2010), Landon et al. (Health Aff, 2010), and Stange et al. (J Gen Intern Med, 2010).] Select to access the abstract.

Scholle SH, Saunders RC, Tirodkar MA, et al. Patient-centered medical homes in the United States. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):20-32. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Bitton, Martin, and Landon (J Gen Intern Med, 2010) and Kawamoto et al. (BMJ, 2005).] Select to access the abstract.

Goroll AH. Payment reform to support lasting practice reform in primary care. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):33-7. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Safran et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2003) and Greenfield et al. (JAMA, 1992).] Select to access the abstract.

Dugan DP, Mick SS, Scholle SH, et al. The relationship between organizational culture and practice systems in primary care. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):47-56. [Notes that the AHRQ "definition of the medical home includes attributes of primary health care such patient-centered, comprehensive care, coordinated care, superb access to care, and a systems-based approach to quality and safety," citing Patient Centered Medical Home Resource Center, as published on AHRQ Web site; cites AHRQ-funded article by Feifer et al. (Top Health Inf Manage, 2001).] Select to access the abstract.

Hawkins D, Groves D. The future role of community health centers in a changing health care landscape. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):90-9. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Landon et al. (N Engl J Med, 2007) and Hicks et al. (Health Aff, 2006).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal for Healthcare Quality
Watkins KE, Keyser DJ, Mannle TE, et al. Transforming mental healthcare in the Veterans Health Administration: a model for measuring performance to improve access, quality, and outcomes. J Healthc Qual 2010 Nov-Dec; 32(6):33-43. [Acknowledges the Mental Health Therapeutics Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey (funded by grant 5 U18 HS16097).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Patrician PA, Loan L, McCarthy M, et al. Towards evidence-based management: creating an informative database of nursing-sensitive indicators. J Nurs Scholarsh 2010 Dec; 42(4):358-66. [Cites AHRQ publication, Patient Safety and Quality: an Evidence-based Handbook for Nurses, 2008; cites AHRQ-funded articles by Kovner and Gergen (Image J Nurs Scholarsh, 1998) and Needleman et al. (N Engl J Med, 2002).] Select to access the abstract.

Medical Care
Bitton A. Who is on the home team? Redefining the relationship between primary and specialty care in the patient-centered medical home. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):1-3. [Cites AHRQ-funded article by Bitton, Martin, and Landon (J Gen Intern Med, 2010).]

Crabtree BF, Chase SM, Wise CG, et al. Evaluation of patient centered medical home practice transformation initiatives. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):10-16. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Stange et al. (J Gen Intern Med, 2010) and Lanham et al. (Jt Comm J Qual Patient Saf, 2009); cites article by Pham et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2009) which uses AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity measures (Elixhauser et al, Med Care, 1998).] Select to access the abstract.

Magán P, Alberquilla A, Otero A, et al. Hospitalizations for ambulatory care sensitive conditions and quality of primary care: their relation with socioeconomic and health care variables in the Madrid regional health service (Spain). Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):17-23. [Cites AHRQ-authored articles by Basu, Friedman, and Burstin (first and third authors are current and former researchers, respectively, in AHRQ's Center for Primary Care, Prevention, and Clinical Partnerships and third author is a researcher in AHRQ's Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets) (Med Care, 2002), which uses HCUP data, and Eisenberg (former AHRQ director) (Ann Intern Med, 1979).] Select to access the abstract.

Ostini R, Jackson C, Hegney D, et al. How is medication prescribing ceased? A systematic review. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):24-36. [Cites AHRQ-funded article by Bates et al. (JAMA, 1997).] Select to access the abstract.

Rosland AM, Piette JD, Choi H, et al. Family and friend participation in primary care visits of patients with diabetes or heart failure: patient and physician determinants and experiences. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):37-45. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Smith et al. (JAMA, 2005), Grembowski et al. (J Am Board Fam Pract, 2003), and Silliman et al. (J Am Geriatr Soc, 1996).] Select to access the abstract.

Rhoads KF, Sokol ER. Variation in the quality of surgical care for uterovaginal prolapse. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):46-51. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Dimick et al. (J Am Coll Surg, 2009), Werner, Goldman, and Dudley (JAMA, 2008), Rogers et al. (Ann Surg, 2006), and others.] Select to access the abstract.

Jacobson CJ Jr, Bolon S, Elder N, et al. Temporal and subjective work demands in office-based patient care: an exploration of the dimensions of physician work intensity. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):52-8. [Cites AHRQ-funded articles by Rutledge et al. (Health Psychol, 2009) and Green et al. (N Engl J Med, 2001).] Select to access the abstract.

Pain Research and Management
Scott NA, Moga C, Harstall C. Managing low back pain in the primary care setting: the know-do gap. Pain Res Manage 2010 Nov-Dec; 15(6):392-400. [Cites AHRQ-sponsored guideline, Acute Low Back Problems in Adults, 1994.] Select to access the abstract.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)/Put Prevention Into Practice (PPIP)-Related Articles

Alcohol and Alcoholism
Academic ED SBIRT Research Collaborative. The impact of screening, brief intervention and referral for treatment in emergency department patients' alcohol use: a 3-, 6- and 12-month follow-up. Alcohol Alcohol 2010 Nov-Dec; 45(6):514-19. [Cites USPSTF-sponsored evidence summary on behavioral counseling interventions in primary care to reduce risky/harmful alcohol use by adults (Ann Intern Med, 2004).] Select to access the abstract.

American Family Physician
Elsawy B, Higgins KE. The geriatric assessment. Am Fam Physician 2011 Jan 1; 83(1):48-56. [Mentions AHRQ's Electronic Preventive Services Selector online tool; notes USPSTF findings of insufficient evidence to recommend for or against screening with ophthalmoscopy in asymptomatic older adults and recommendations for screening for hearing impairment in older adults, citing Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 1996, for both; cites USPSTF recommendation statement Screening for Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal Women, 2002, and related evidence review by Nelson et al.(Ann Intern Med, 2002), and USPSTF recommendation statement Screening for Depression, 2002, as published on AHRQ Web site.]

American Journal of Medicine
Concato J, Lawter EV, Lew RA, et al. Observational methods in comparative effectiveness research. Am J Med 2010 Dec; 123(12 Suppl 1):e16-e23. [Cites USPSTF methodologies in Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 1996.] Select to access the abstract.

Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gregory KD, Sawaya GF. Updated recommendations for breast cancer screening. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 2010 Dec; 22(6):498-505. [Describes the rationale behind updated USPSTF recommendations on screening for breast cancer; cites updated USPSTF recommendations on screening for breast cancer, associated evidence review update, and related AHRQ-funded article by Mandelblatt et al. (all in Ann Intern Med, 2009); cites previous USPSTF recommendations on screening for breast cancer and associated evidence summary (both in Ann Intern Med, 2002).] Select to access the abstract.

Ethnicity and Disease
Crawford ND, Jones CP, Richardson LC. Understanding racial and ethnic disparities in colorectal cancer screening: behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 2002 and 2004. Ethn Dis 2010 Fal; 20(4):359-65. [Cites patient summary of USPSTF recommendations on screening for colorectal cancer (Ann Intern Med, 2008) and USPSTF recommendations on screening for colorectal cancer (Ann Intern Med, 2002).]

Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology
Bian J, Fisher DA, Gillespie TW, et al. Using VA administrative data to measure colorectal cancer screening adherence among average-risk non-elderly veterans. Health Serv Outcomes Res Method 2010; 10(3-4):165-77. [Cites USPSTF recommendations on screening for colorectal cancer (Ann Intern Med, 2008) and USPSTF-sponsored systematic review on cost-effectiveness analysis of colorectal cancer screening (Ann Intern Med, 2002).]

JAMA
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). State Medicaid coverage for tobacco-dependence treatments—United States, 2009. JAMA 2011 Jan 5; 305(1):34-6. [Discusses Medicaid program coverage of tobacco-dependence treatments as recommended by the USPSTF and required by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; cites AHRQ-sponsored guideline, Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update, 2008; originally published in MMWR Morbid Mortal Wkly Rep 2010.]

Lancet
Jacobs EJ. Will an aspirin a day help keep fatal cancer away? Lancet 2011 Jan 1; 377(9759):3-4. [Cites USPSTF recommendations on routine aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for the primary prevention of colorectal cancer (Ann Intern Med, 2007) and aspirin for the prevention of cardiovascular disease (Ann Intern Med, 2009).]

Medscape Internal Medicine
Kopans D, Vickers AJ. Mammography screening and the evidence: from one 'hominem' to the other. Point-counterpoint between Andrew Vickers, PhD, and Daniel Kopans, MD. Medscape Intern Med 2010 Jan 3; Online. [Discusses USPSTF updated recommendations on screening for breast cancer released in 2009; cites USPSTF-sponsored systematic evidence review update on screening for breast cancer by Nelson et al. as posted on the Bookshelf section of the NLM Web site.]

Obesity
Benson LJ, Baer HJ, Kaelber DC. Screening for obesity-related complications among obese children and adolescents: 1999-2008. Obesity 2010 Dec 9. [Epub ahead of print. Cites USPSTF recommendation statement Screening and Interventions for Overweight Children and Adolescents, 2005.] Select to access the abstract.

Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Rivera Drew JA [Drew JA in PubMed], Short SE. Disability and Pap smear receipt among U.S. women, 2000 and 2005. Perspect Sex Reprod Health 2010 Dec; 42(4):258-66. [Cites USPSTF recommendation statement Screening for Cervical Cancer, 2004. Also refer to article by Robinson and Goodman (Ann Intern Med, 2011) cited in Evidence-based Practice Centers-Related Articles.] Select to access the abstract.

Evidence-based Practice Centers-Related Articles

American Family Physician
Patel DS, Roth M, Kapil N. Stress fractures: diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Am Fam Physician 2011 Jan 1; 83(1):39-46. [Cites AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Vitamin D and Calcium: A Systematic Review of Health Outcomes, 2009.]

Gutierrez C, Blanchard DG. Atrial fibrillation: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician 2011 Jan 1; 83(1):61-8. [Cites AHRQ-funded systematic review by Terasawa et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2009) on comparative effectiveness of radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation, performed by the Tufts Evidence-based Practice Center (EPC) under contract 290-02-0022.]

Annals of Internal Medicine
Dahabreh IJ, Terasawa T, Castaldi PJ, et al. Systematic review: anti-epidermal growth factor receptor treatment effect modification by KRAS mutations in advanced colorectal cancer. Ann Intern Med 2011 Jan 4; 154(1):37-49. [Supported by contract HHSA-290-2007-100551 (to first, second, and third authors for the Tufts EPC); cites AHRQ's Effective Health Care Program Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Robinson KA, Goodman SN. A systematic examination of the citation of prior research in reports of randomized, controlled trials. Ann Intern Med 2011 Jan 4; 154(1):50-5. [Cites article by Chen and Huffman (Ann Intern Med, 2007) that was prepared by the Oregon EPC (with outside funding) and that used USPSTF evidence grading methods.] Select to access the abstract.

Circulation
Wann LS, Curtis AB, January CT, et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS focused update on the management of patients with atrial fibrillation (updating the 2006 guideline): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2011 Jan 4; 123(1):104-23. [Cites AHRQ-funded systematic review by Terasawa et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2009) on comparative effectiveness of radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation, performed by the Tufts EPC under contract 290-02-0022.] Select to access the abstract.

Diabetes Forecast
Gebel E. Down but not out. Diabetes Forecast 2010 Dec; 63(12):29-31. [States that according to AHRQ, "the most common side effects of antidepressants are constipation, daytime sleepiness, diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, headache, nausea, sexual problems, shakiness, trouble sleeping, and weight gain," taken from the AHRQ comparative effectiveness consumer guide, Antidepressant Medicines: A Guide for Adults with Depression, 2007, based on the AHRQ comparative effectiveness review Comparative Effectiveness of Second-Generation Antidepressants in the Pharmacologic Treatment of Adult Depression, 2007, performed by the RTI International-University of North Carolina EPC.]

Nursing Education Perspectives
Tanner CA. Transforming prelicensure nursing education: preparing the new nurse to meet emerging health care needs. Nurs Educ Perspect 2010; 31(6):347-443. [Cites AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Nurse Staffing and Quality of Patient Care, 2007, as published on AHRQ Web site. Also refer to article by Baker et al. (J Nurs Scholarsh, 2010) cited in National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR)/National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR)-Related Articles.]

National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR)/National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR)-Related Articles

Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Baker DL, Melnikow J, Ly MY, et al. Translation of health surveys using mixed methods. J Nurs Scholarsh 2010 Dec; 42(4):430-8. [States in the opening sentence that "disparities in health care persist despite decades-long efforts to reduce their impact on health outcomes for immigrant and refugee populations," citing AHRQ's NHDR, 2008; lists AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Community-based Participatory Research: Assessing the Evidence, 2004, as one of two items in the Clinical Resources box at the end of the article. Also refer to AHRQ-funded article by Lasky et al. (Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf, 2011) and article by Roger et al. (Circulation, 2010) cited in Research by Others Using AHRQ Data or Products.]

Research by Others Using AHRQ Data or Products

Annals of Internal Medicine
Freeman JV, Zhu RP, Owens DK, et al. Cost-effectiveness of dabigatran compared with warfarin for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation. Ann Intern Med 2011 Jan 4; 154(1):1-11. [Uses HCUP data, citing AHRQ's HCUPnet Web site; cites AHRQ publication, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention of Stroke: Patient Outcomes Research Team (PORT) Final Report - Phase 1, 2000.] Select to access the abstract.

Circulation
Roger VL, Go AS, Lloyd-Jones DM, et al. Heart disease and stroke statistics—2011 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2010 Dec 15. [Epub ahead of print. Uses 1996, 2004, and 2007 MEPS data (Chapters 3, 7, and 22), citing AHRQ publications, Table 3: Total Expenses for Selected Conditions by Type of Service: United States, 2007, Personal Health Behaviors for Heart Disease Prevention Among the U.S. Adult Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2004, MEPS Statistical Brief 165, 2007, and National Health Care Expenditures in the U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2007, MEPS Statistical Brief 272, 2009, all published on AHRQ's MEPS Web site; uses 2003 HCUP KID cost data (Chapter 8) and 1993-2004 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data, citing data as published on AHRQ's HCUPnet and HCUP Web sites, Overview of the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site, and other sources; cites AHRQ publications, Hospital Stays for Circulatory Diseases, 2004, HCUP Statistical Brief 26, 2007, The National Hospital Bill: The Most Expensive Conditions, by Payer, 2004, HCUP Statistical Brief 13, 2006, Hospitalizations for Women with Circulatory Disease, 2003, HCUP Statistical Brief 5, 2006, Hospital Stays for Stroke and Other Cerebrovascular Diseases, 2005, HCUP Statistical Brief 51, 2008, and Hospitalizations for Birth Defects, 2004, HCUP Statistical Brief 24, 2007, as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site; notes that AHRQ "has released state-level data for heart disease for all 50 states and the District of Columbia" in "the Congressionally mandated National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR)," citing AHRQ's State Snapshots Web site; cites 2009 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports, 2010, and AHRQ's NHQR, 2008, and NHDR, 2008.]

Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Wasson JH, Benjamin R, Johnson D, et al. Patients use the Internet to enter the medical home. J Ambul Care Manage 2011 Jan-Mar; 34(1):38-46. [Uses measures from AHRQ's Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®) as part of the data collection process; cites Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS®), as published on AHRQ Web site; cites AHRQ-funded article by Wasson et al. (J Ambul Care Manage, 2006).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Arthroplasty
Bozic KJ, Vail TP, Pekow PS, et al. Does aspirin have a role in venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in total knee arthroplasty patients? J Arthroplasty 2010 Oct; 25(7):1053-60. [Uses AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity methodology (Elixhauser et al, Med Care, 1998) to classify the study's comorbidity variables.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Health Care Finance
Newton AN, Ewer SR. Inpatient cancer treatment: an analysis of financial and nonfinancial performance measures by hospital-ownership type. J Health Care Finance 2010 Winter; 37(2):56-80. [Uses AHRQ's HCUPnet to query the NIS about breast, colon, lung, and prostate cancers for the period 1998-2007; cites AHRQ publications "Big Money: Cost of 10 Most Expensive Health Conditions Near $50 Billion, AHRQ News and Numbers, 2008, HCUP Overview, 2009, Nationwide Inpatient Sample, 2009, HCUP Facts and Figures 2007, 2007, HCUP Clinical Classification System, 2009, Using the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample to Estimate Trends, HCUP Methods Series Report 2006-05, 2006, and Calculate Cost Adjustment Factors by APR-DRG and CCS Using Selected States with Detailed Charges, HCUP Methods Series Report 2008-04, 2008.]

Medical Care
Subramanian S, Trogdon J, Ekwueme DU, et al. Cost of breast cancer treatment in Medicaid: implications for state programs providing coverage for low-income women. Med Care 2011 Jan; 49(1):89-95. [Uses the Charlson Comorbidity Index adapted for use with administrative databases (see AHRQ-funded article by Deyo, Cherkin, and Ciol (J Clin Epidemiol, 1992); cites AHRQ-funded article by Romano, Roos, and Jollis (J Clin Epidemiol, 1993).] Select to access the abstract.

Current as of January 2011
Internet Citation: Clostridium difficile Infection in Hospitalized Children in the United States: Articles of Interest: January 7, 2011. January 2011. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsroom/articles-of-interest/010711.html