Importance of Mixed Methods in Pragmatic Trials and Dissemination and Implementation Research

Articles of Interest, September 27, 2013

A weekly compilation of articles appearing in recently released journals and newsletters, including articles funded by AHRQ or authored by AHRQ researchers, mentioning or discussing AHRQ staff, activities, and publications/products, or other research using AHRQ data or products.

This weekly compilation of articles appearing in recently released journals and newsletters includes:

  • Articles funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) or authored by AHRQ researchers.
  • Articles mentioning or discussing AHRQ staff, activities, and publications/products.
  • Articles related to AHRQ-funded Evidence-based Practice Centers.
  • Articles related to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force or Put Prevention into Practice program.
  • Articles mentioning the National Healthcare Disparities Report and National Healthcare Quality Report.
  • Other research using AHRQ data or products.

AHRQ-Funded/Authored Articles

Academic Pediatrics
Albright K, Gechter K, Kempe A. Importance of mixed methods in pragmatic trials and dissemination and implementation research. Acad Pediatr 2013 Sep-Oct; 13(5):400-7. [Supported by grant P01 HS21138; cites AHRQ publication, Mixed Methods: Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Data Collection and Analysis While Studying Patient-Centered Medical Home Models, 2013, as published on AHRQ's Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Hendrix KS, Meslin EM, Carroll AE, et al. Attitudes about the use of newborn dried blood spots for research: a survey of underrepresented parents. Acad Pediatr 2013 Sep-Oct; 13(5):451-7. [Supported by Ruth L. Kirstein National Research Service Award (NRSA) grant T32 5T HS17588-04.] Select to access the abstract.

American Journal of Managed Care
Lyles CR, Grothaus L, Reid RJ, Sarkar U, et al. Communication about diabetes risk factors during between-visit encounters. Am J Manag Care 2012 Dec; 18(12):807-15. [Supported by grant R01 HS16759; first author was supported by grant T32 HS13853 and fourth author was supported by grant K08 HS17594.] Select to access the abstract.

Atlas SJ, Ashburner JM, Chang Y, Lester WT, Barry MJ, Grant RW. Population-based breast cancer screening in a primary care network. Am J Manag Care 2012 Dec; 18(12):821-9. [First and sixth authors were supported by grant R18 H18161.] Select to access the abstract.

American Journal of Medical Quality
Sarfaty M, Stello B, Johnson M, et al. Colorectal cancer screening in the framework of the medical home model: findings from focus groups and interviews. Am J Med Qual 2013 Sep-Oct; 28(5):422-8. [Supported by contract HHSA 290-2006-0014-TO1 (derived from work performed under contract but not submitted for approval by AHRQ).] Select to access the abstract.

Clancy CM. Acute care quality improves while barriers to access remain: AHRQ's 2012 healthcare quality and disparities reports. Am J Med Qual 2013 Sep-Oct; 28(5):443-5. [Author was AHRQ director at the time of publication; discusses AHRQ's National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) and National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR) and AHRQ's Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture, citing Healthcare Research and Quality Act of 1999, AHRQ's NHQR, 2012, and 2012 User Comparative Database Report: Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture, as published on the AHRQ Web site.]

Annals of Family Medicine
Beach MC, Roter D, Korthuis PT, et al. A multicenter study of physician mindfulness and health care quality. Ann Fam Med 2013 Sep-Oct; 11(5):421-8. [Supported by contract 290-01-0012 and grant K08 HS13903-05 (to first author).] Select to access the abstract.

DeVoe JE. Being uninsured is bad for your health: can medical homes play a role in treating the uninsurance ailment? Ann Fam Med 2013 Sep-Oct; 11(5):473-6. [Supported by grant R01 HS18569.] Select to access the abstract.

Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal
Nguyen C, Hernandez-Boussard T, Davies SM, et al. Cleft palate surgery: an evaluation of length of stay, complications, and costs by hospital type. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 2013 Sep 24. [Epub ahead of print. Supported by grant K01 HS18558; uses 1997, 2000, 2003, and 2006 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids Inpatient Database (KID) data and AHRQ's Pediatric Quality Indicators (PDI), citing Pediatric Quality Indicators Overview, 2006, as published on AHRQ's Quality Indicators Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Kesselheim AS, Wang B, Avorn J. Defining "innovativeness" in drug development: a systematic review. Clin Pharmacol Ther 2013 Sep; 94(3):336-48. [Supported by grant K08 HS18465-01 (to first author).] Select to access the abstract.

Epidemiology
Palmsten K, Huybrechts KF, Michels KB, Williams PL, Mogun H, Setoguchi S, Hernández-Díaz S. Antidepressant use and risk for preeclampsia. Epidemiology 2013 Sep; 24(5):682-91. [Supported by grants R02 HS18533 (to last author) and K02 HS17731 (to sixth author).] Select to access the abstract.

JAMA Internal Medicine
McGinn TG, McCullagh L, Kannry J, et al. Efficacy of an evidence-based clinical decision support in primary care practices: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Intern Med 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1584-91. [Supported by grant 5 R18 HS18491 (to first author); refer to comments by Katz MH (JAMA Intern Med, 2013) cited in AHRQ-Related Articles.] Select to access the abstract.

Baer HJ, Karson AS, Soukup JR, et al. Documentation and diagnosis of overweight and obesity in electronic health records of adult primary care patients. JAMA Intern Med 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1648-52. [Supported by Mentored Research Scientist Career Development Award grant K01 HS19789 (to first author).]

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Brooks Carthon JM, Jarrín O, Sloane D, Kutney-Lee A. Variations in postoperative complications according to race, ethnicity, and sex in older adults. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013 Sep; 61(9):1499-1507. [Supported by grant 1 K08 HS18534 (fourth author is principal investigator); cites AHRQ's Quality Indicators and NHDR, 2003.] Select to access the abstract.

NBER Working Paper Series
Peng L, Meyerhoefer CD, Zuvekas SH. The effect of depression on labor market outcomes. NBER Work Pap Ser 2013 Sep; online. [Third author is a researcher in AHRQ's Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends, and second author is a former AHRQ researcher; uses 2004-2009 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data.]

Nutrition Research
Williams SK, Fiscella K, Winters P, et al. Association of racial disparities in the prevalence of insulin resistance with racial disparities in vitamin D levels: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2001-2006). Nutr Res 2013 Apr; 33(4): 266-71. [Supported by grant T32 HS00066.] Select to access the abstract.

Pediatrics
Cristea AI, Carroll AE, Davis SD, et al. Outcomes of children with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia who were ventilator dependent at home. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):e727-e734. [Supported by grant T32 HS17588-04 (to first author).] Select to access the abstract.

Goldstein SL, Kirkendall E, Nguyen H, Electronic health record identification of nephrotoxin exposure and associated acute kidney injury. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):e756-e767. [Supported by Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) grant 1 U19 HS21114.] Select to access the abstract.

Also refer to articles by Moyer et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2013, and Pediatrics, 2013) cited in U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)-Related Articles and articles by Soni et al. (J Hosp Med, 2013), Carey et al. (J Psychiatr Pract, 2013), and Okelo et al. (Pediatrics, 2013) cited in Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC)-Related Articles.

AHRQ-Related Articles

Academic Pediatrics
Tschudy MM, Platt RE, Serwint JR. Extending the medical home into the community: a newborn home visitation program for pediatric residents. Acad Pediatr 2013 Sep-Oct; 13(5):443-50. [Cites AHRQ-sponsored Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, 2001.] Select to access the abstract.

American Journal of Medical Quality
Coleman EA, Chugh A, Williams MV, et al. Understanding and execution of discharge instructions. Am J Med Qual 2013 Sep-Oct; 28(5):383-91. [Cites AHRQ-sponsored IOM report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, 2001, and AHRQ fact sheet Medical Errors: The Scope of the Problem, 2000.] Select to access the abstract.

Weigel C, Suen W, Gupte G. Using lean methodology to teach quality improvement to internal medicine residents at a safety net hospital. Am J Med Qual 2013 Sep-Oct; 28(5):392-9. [Cites AHRQ-sponsored IOM report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, 2001, and Tools and Strategies for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety, from AHRQ publication, Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-based Handbook for Nurses, 2008, as published on the National Library of Medicine's Bookshelf Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Schwendimann R, Milne J, Frush K, et al. A closer look at associations between hospital leadership walkrounds and patient safety climate and risk reduction: a cross-sectional study. Am J Med Qual 2013 Sep-Oct; 28(5):414-21. [Cites AHRQ publications, Advances in Patient Safety: From Research to Implementation, Volume 4, 2005, and Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture: 2010 User Comparative Database Report, 2010.] Select to access the abstract.

Annals of Family Medicine
American Academy of Family Physicians. AHRQ updates on primary care research: Multiple Chronic Conditions Research Network. Ann Fam Med 2013 Sep-Oct; 11(5):485-6. [Discusses AHRQ's Multiple Chronic Conditions Network; cites findings from Abt Associates Inc. publication, Unpublished Analysis of 2010 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data, 2013.]

BMJ
Spiegelhalter D. Are you 45% more likely to die in a UK hospital rather than a US hospital? BMJ 2013 Sep 24; 347:f5775. [Notes the use of AHRQ's Clinical Classifications Software (CCS) in a study comparing hospital mortality in seven Western countries between 2004 and 2012.]

JAMA Internal Medicine
Mafi JN, McCarthy EP, Davis RB, et al. Worsening trends in the management and treatment of back pain. JAMA Intern Med 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1573-81. [Cites AHRQ-authored articles by Gray (researcher in AHRQ's Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety) et al. (two articles, Spine, 2006) Select to access the abstract.

Casey DE Jr. Why don't physicians (and patients) consistently follow clinical practice guidelines? JAMA Intern Med 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1581-3. [Notes results of 183 citations from a search of "low back pain" in AHRQ's National Guideline ClearinghouseTM (NGC); cites AHRQ-sponsored IOM report, Crossing the Quality Chasm: A New Health System for the 21st Century, 2001.]

Katz MH. Integrating prediction rules into clinical work flow. JAMA Intern Med 2013 Sep 23; 173(17):1591. [Comments on AHRQ-funded article by McGinn et al. (JAMA Internal Medicine, 2013) cited in AHRQ-Funded/Authored Articles.]

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Yap TL, Kennerly SM, Simmons MR, et al. Multidimensional team-based intervention using musical cues to reduce odds of facility-acquired pressure ulcers in long-term care: a paired randomized intervention study. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013 Sep; 61(9):1552-9. [Cites AHRQ publication, Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-based Handbook for Nurses, 2008.] Select to access the abstract.

Lancet
Shah AS, Langrish JP, Nair H, et al. Global association of air pollution and heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet 2013 Sep 21; 382(9897):1039-48. [Includes in reviewed studies AHRQ-authored article by Koken, Piver, Ye, Elixhauser (researcher in AHRQ's Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets) et al. (Environ Health Perspect, 2003) and cites data on heart failure hospitalizations/rehospitalizations from HCUP Facts and Figures: Statistics on Hospital-based Care in the United States, 2008, as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Pediatrics
Saito JM, Chen LE, Hall BL, et al. Risk-adjusted hospital outcomes for children's surgery. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3): e677-688. [Cites article by Cima et al. (Surgery, 2011) which compares AHRQ's Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs) with the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program postoperative adverse events.] Select to access the abstract.

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)-Related Articles

Annals of Internal Medicine
Moyer VA. Medications for risk reduction of primary breast cancer in women: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med 2013 Sep 24. [Epub ahead of print. Updates 2002 USPSTF recommendations on the use of medications for breast cancer reduction, citing USPSTF-sponsored systematic reviews by Nelson et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2009 and 2013) on medications to reduce risk of primary breast cancer and AHRQ comparative effectiveness review, Comparative Effectiveness of Medications to Reduce Risk of Primary Breast Cancer in Women, 2009, as published on NLM's Bookshelf Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Using medications to decrease the risk for breast cancer in women: recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med 2013 Nov 19; 159(10):1-28. [Summarizes USPSTF updated recommendations on medications to decrease the risk for breast cancer in women, cited above in this section.]

Gynecologic Oncology
Reade CJ, Riva JJ, Busse JW, et al. Risks and benefits of screening asymptomatic women for ovarian cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Gynecol Oncol 2013 Sep; 130(3):674-81. [Cites USPSTF recommendation statement, Screening for Ovarian Cancer, 2004, and updated USPSTF evidence review Screening for Ovarian Cancer: Evidence Update for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement, 2012.] Select to access the abstract.

JAMA
Berry SD, Samelson EJ, Pencina MJ, et al. Repeat bone mineral density screening and prediction of hip and major osteoporotic fracture. JAMA 2013 Sep 25; 310(12):1256-62. [Cites USPSTF recommendations on screening for osteoporosis (Ann Intern Med, 2011).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Women's Health
Smith JL, Wilson KM, Orians CE, et al. AMIGAS: building a cervical cancer screening intervention for public health practice. J Womens Health 2013 Sep; 22(9):718-23. [Cites Screening for Cervical Cancer: Clinical Summary of U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation, 2012, as published on the USPSTF Web site, and USPSTF recommendations on screening for cervical cancer (Ann Intern Med, 2012).] Select to access the abstract.

Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Francis DO. Bench to trench: how evidence and guidelines shape health care policy and practice. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2013 Sep; 149(3):356-9. [Mentions Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act provisions requiring coverage of  USPSTF recommendations rated A and B, citing the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, 2010.] Select to access the abstract.

Pediatrics
Bell DL, Breland DJ, Ott MA. Adolescent and young adult male health: a review. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):535-46. [Lists selected USPSTF recommendations in table of Male Health Guidelines, citing USPSTF topic pages Counseling for Youth Violence, 1995, Screening for Lipid Disorders in Children, 2007, Screening for Lipid Disorders in Adults, 2008, Screening for High Blood Pressure in Adults, 2007, Screening for Chlamydial Infection, 2007, and Screening for Genital Herpes, 2005, all published on the USPSTF Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Fiese BH, Rhodes HG, Beardslee WR. Rapid changes in American family life: consequences for child health and pediatric practice. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):552-9. [Cites USPSTF recommendation topic page Screening for Depression in Adults, 2002, as published on the USPSTF Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Moyer VA; U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Primary care interventions to prevent tobacco use in children and adolescents: U.S. preventive services task force recommendation statement. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):560-5. [Updates 2003 USPSTF recommendations on primary care interventions to prevent tobacco use in children and adolescents, based on AHRQ evidence synthesis, Primary Care Relevant Interventions for Tobacco Use Prevention and Cessation in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Evidence Review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, 2012; cites AHRQ-sponsored guidelines on treating tobacco use and dependence (Am J Prev Med, 2008), USPSTF reaffirmed recommendations on counseling and interventions to prevent tobacco use and tobacco-caused disease in adults and pregnant women (Ann Intern Med, 2009), and USPSTF recommendation statement, Counseling to Prevent Tobacco Use and Tobacco-Caused Disease, 2003.] Select to access the abstract.

Radiology
Sprague BL, Bolton KC, Mace JL, et al.  Registry-based study of trends in breast cancer screening mammography before and after the 2009 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations. Radiology 2013 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print. Evaluates changes in mammography utilization in Vermont following issuance of updated USPSTF recommendations on screening for breast cancer (Ann Intern Med, 2009).] Select to access the abstract.

Also refer to article by Soni et al. (J Hosp Med, 2013) cited in Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC)-Related Articles.

Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC)-Related Articles

Annals of Internal Medicine
Qaseem A, Holty JE, Owens DK, et al. Management of obstructive sleep apnea adults: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med 2013 Sep 24. [Epub ahead of print. Based on AHRQ comparative evidence review, Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults, 2011, prepared by the Tufts EPC under contract 290-2007-10055I; uses methodologies from AHRQ publication, Methods Guide for Effectiveness and Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, 2010.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Xu D, Kane RL. Effect of urinary incontinence on older nursing home residents' self-reported quality of life. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013 Sep; 61(9):1473-81. [Cites AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Prevention of Urinary and Fecal Incontinence in Adults, 2007.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Hospital Medicine
Soni NJ, Samson DJ, Galaydick JL, et al. Procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Hosp Med 2013 Sep; 8(9):530-40. [Supported by contract HHSA 290-2007-10058 to the Blue Cross and Blue Shield Association Technology Evaluation Center EPC and based on AHRQ comparative effectiveness review, Procalcitonin-Guided Antibiotic Therapy, 2012, prepared by the same EPC under the same contract; uses AHRQ's NGC as a source for the literature review and assesses quality of selected studies using USPSTF methodologies described in article by Harris et al. (Am J Prev Med, 2001); uses strength of evidence grading methodologies from AHRQ publication, Methods Guide for Effectiveness and Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, 2011, and AHRQ-funded article by Owens et al. (J Clin Epidemiol, 2010).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Carey TS, Crotty KA, Morrissey JP, et al. Future research needs for evaluating the integration of mental health and substance abuse treatment with primary care. J Psychiatr Pract 2013 Sep; 19(5):345-59. [Supported by contract 290-2007-10056-I to the RTI-UNC EPC and based on AHRQ future research needs paper, Future Research Needs for the Integration of Mental Health/Substance Abuse and Primary Care, 2010, prepared by the same EPC under the same contract; uses methodologies from How Are Research Topics Chosen?, as published on AHRQ's Effective Health Care Program Web site, and AHRQ-funded/authored articles by Chang (researcher in AHRQ's Center for Outcomes and Evidence) et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2012) and Whitlock, Lopez, Chang, et al. (J Clin Epidemiol, 2010); cites findings from AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment, Integration of Mental Health/Substance Abuse and Primary Care, 2009, as published on the AHRQ Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Women's Health
Giannandrea SA, Cerulli C, Anson E, et al. Increased risk for postpartum psychiatric disorders among women with past pregnancy loss. J Womens Health 2013 Sep; 22(9):760-8. [Cites AHRQ Evidence Report/Technology Assessment summary, Perinatal Depression: Prevalence, Screening Accuracy, and Screening Outcomes, 2005, and associated systematic review by Gavin et al. (Obstet Gynecol, 2005) on perinatal depression prevalence and incidence.] Select to access the abstract.

Pediatrics
Okelo SO, Butz AM, Sharma R, et al. Interventions to modify health care provider adherence to asthma guidelines: a systematic review. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):517-34. [Supported by contract HHSA 290-2007-10061-I to the Johns Hopkins EPC and based on AHRQ comparative effectiveness review, Interventions to Modify Adherence to Asthma Guidelines, 2013, prepared by the same EPC under the same contract; uses strength of evidence grading methodologies from AHRQ-funded article by Owens et al. (J Clin Epidemiol, 2010); acknowledges support by task order officer Christine Chang (researcher in AHRQ's Center for Outcomes and Evidence).] Select to access the abstract.

Also refer to articles by Moyer et al. (Ann Intern Med, 2013 and Pediatrics, 2013) cited in U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)-Related Articles.]

National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR)/National Healthcare Disparities Report (NHDR)-Related Articles

Refer to articles by Clancy (Am J Med Qual, 2013) and Brooks Carthon et al. (J Am Geriatr Soc, 2013) cited in AHRQ-Funded/Authored Articles.]

Research by Others Using AHRQ Data or Products

Academic Pediatrics
Hoilette LK, Blumkin AK, Baldwin CD, et al. Community health centers: medical homes for children? Acad Pediatr 2013 Sep-Oct; 13(5):436-42. [Uses 2003-2009 MEPS data, citing the Survey Background  topic page on AHRQ's MEPS Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

American Journal of Medical Quality
Morís de la Tassa J, Galiana Martín D, Luño Fernández E, et al. Survey on the culture of patient safety among Spanish health care residents. Am J Med Qual 2013 Sep-Oct ;28(5):434-42. [Uses AHRQ's Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture, as published on the AHRQ Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology
McNabb-Baltar J, Trinh QD, Barkun AN. Biliary drainage method and temporal trends in patients admitted with cholangitis: a national audit. Can J Gastroenterol 2013 Sep; 27(9):513-18. [Uses 1998-2009 HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data and the AHRQ-funded adaptation of the Charlson comorbidity index described in AHRQ-funded article by Deyo, Cherkin, and Ciol (J Clin Epidemiol, 1992).] Select to access the abstract.

International Journal of Cardiology
Krieger EV, Moko LE, Wu F, et al. Single ventricle anatomy is associated with increased frequency of nonalcoholic cirrhosis. Int J Cardiol 2013 Sep 1; 167(5):1918-23. [Uses 1998-2009 HCUP NIS data, citing Overview of the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), 1998-2009, as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site; also uses AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity measures (Elixhauser et al., Med Care, 1998).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Unruh MA, Trivedi AN, Grabowski DC, et al. Does reducing length of stay increase rehospitalization of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries discharged to skilled nursing facilities? J Am Geriatr Soc 2013 Sep; 61(9):1443-8. [Uses 2000-2006 HCUP NIS data.] Select to access the abstract.

Baker LC, Macaulay DS, Sorg RA, et al. Effects of care management and telehealth: a longitudinal analysis using Medicare data. J Am Geriatr Soc 2013 Sep; 61(9):1560-7. [Uses AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity measures (Elixhauser et al., Med Care, 1998).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Anxiety Disorders
Shirneshan E, Bailey J, Relyea G, et al. Incremental direct medical expenditures associated with anxiety disorders for the U.S. adult population: evidence from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. J Anxiety Disord 2013 Oct; 27(7):720-7. [Uses 2009 and 2010 MEPS data, citing MEPS HC-137: 2010 Medical Conditions and MEPS HC-138: 2010 Full Year Consolidated Data File, as accessed on AHR's MEPS Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Arthroplasty
Browne JA, Adib F, Brown TE, et al. Transfusion rates are increasing following total hip arthroplasty: risk factors and outcomes. J Arthroplasty 2013 Sep; 28(8 Suppl):34-7. [Uses 2005-2008 HCUP NIS data.] Select to access the abstract.

Odum SM, Springer BD, Dennos AC, et al. National obesity trends in total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 2013 Sep; 28(8 Suppl):148-51. [Uses 2002-2009 HCUP NIS data, citing Overview of the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), 2002-2009, as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Endourology
Kadlec AO, Ellimoottil C, Guo R, et al. Contemporary volume-outcome relationships for percutaneous nephrolithotomy: results from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample. J Endourol 2013 Sep; 27(9):1107-13. [Uses 2010 HCUP NIS data.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of General Internal Medicine
Katz DA, McCoy K, Sarrazin MV. Does improved continuity of primary care affect clinician-patient communication in VA? J Gen Intern Med 2013 Sep 26. [Epub ahead of print. Uses AHRQ's Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems-Health Plan (CAHPS-HP) four-item communication subscale and two-item measure of shared decisionmaking; notes the use of these survey measures to assess interpersonal communication in the MEPS, citing AHRQ-funded article by DeVoe et al. (J Am Board Fam Med, 2008).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Patient Safety
Williams T, Szekendi M, Pavkovic S, et al. The reliability of AHRQ Common Format Harm Scales in rating patient safety events. J Patient Saf 2013 Sep 27. [Epub ahead of print. Uses AHRQ's Common Format Harm Scale versions 1.1 and 1.2, citing AHRQ Common Formats for Patient Safety Organizations Users Guide Version 1.1, 2011, AHRQ Common Formats for Patient Safety Organizations Users Guide Version 1.2, 2012, AHRQ Common Formats, Hospital Version 1.1—Patient Information Form (PIF), 2010, and AHRQ Common Formats, Hospital Version 1.2—Patient Information Form (PIF), 2012, all published on AHRQ's PSO Privacy Protection Center Web site; cites Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005, 2005, as published on AHRQ's Patient Safety Organization Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kilic A, Shah AS, Black JH 3rd, et al. Trends in repair of intact and ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysms in the United States: A population-based analysis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2013 Aug 27. [Epub ahead of print. Uses 1998-2008 HCUP NIS data, citing Overview of the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS).] Select to access the abstract.

Kilic A, Shah AS, Conte JV, et al. Operative outcomes in mitral valve surgery: combined effect of surgeon and hospital volume in a population-based analysis. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2013 Sep; 146(3):638-46. [Uses 2003-2008 HCUP NIS data, citing Overview of the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS).] Select to access the abstract.

Journal of Vascular Surgery
Sethi RK, Henry AJ, Hevelone ND, et al. Impact of hospital market competition on endovascular aneurysm repair adoption and outcomes. J Vasc Surg 2013 Sep; 58(3):596-606. [Uses 2001-2007 HCUP NIS data and AHRQ's Elixhauser comorbidity measures (Elixhauser et al., Med Care, 1998).] Select to access the abstract.

Liver International
Mishra A, Otgonsuren M, Venkatesan C, et al. The inpatient economic and mortality impact of hepatocellular carcinoma from 2005 to 2009: analysis of the US Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Liver Int 2013 Sep; 33(8):1281-6. [Uses 2005-2009 HCUP NIS data and AHRQ's CCS.] Select to access the abstract.

Neurosurgery
Kim YW, Neal D, Hoh BL. Cerebral aneurysms in pregnancy and delivery: pregnancy and delivery do not increase the risk of aneurysm rupture. Neurosurgery 2013 Feb; 72(2):143-9; discussion 150. [Uses 1988-2009 HCUP NIS data] Select to access the abstract.

Kim YW, Neal D, Hoh BL. Risk factors, incidence, and effect of cardiac failure and myocardial infarction in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage patients. Neurosurgery 2013 Sep; 73(3):450-7; quiz 457. [Uses 2002-2009 HCUP NIS data.] Select to access the abstract.

Occupational Medicine
Van Royen K, Remmen R, Vanmeerbeek M, et al. A review of guidelines for collaboration in substance misuse management. Occup Med 2013 Sep; 63(6):445-7. [Uses AHRQ's NGC to identify relevant guidelines.] Select to access the abstract.

Pediatric Neurosurgery
Piatt JH Jr, Campbell JW. Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality and the chiari malformation: controlled observations. Pediatr Neurosurg 2012; 48(6):360-363. [Uses 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, and 2009 HCUP KID data.] Select to access the abstract.

Pediatrics
Bardach NS, Vittinghoff E, Asteria-Peñaloza R, et al. Measuring hospital quality using pediatric readmission and revisit rates. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):429-36. [Uses 2006-2007 (for Arizona and Utah) and 2008-2009 (for California, Florida, North Carolina, and Nebraska) HCUP State Inpatient Databases (SID) and State Emergency Department Databases (SEDD) data and 2009 HCUP KID data, citing Databases: Nationwide and State-Specific HCUP Databases 2007 and 2009, HCUP Supplemental Variables for Revisit Analyses, 2010, National Estimates on Use of Hospitals by Children from the HCUP Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), 2009, and HCUP Central Distributor SID Description of Data Elements—Multiple Variables for All States, 2008, as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site; also uses AHRQ's HCUP CCS.] Select to access the abstract.

Peterson C, Grosse SD, Oster ME, et al. Cost-effectiveness of routine screening for critical congenital heart disease in US newborns. Pediatrics 2013 Sep; 132(3):e595-603. [Uses 2009 HCUP KID data, citing Overview of the HCUP Kids' Inpatient Database (KID), as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Resuscitation
Kazaure HS, Roman SA, Sosa JA. Epidemiology and outcomes of in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the United States, 2000-2009. Resuscitation 2013 Sep; 84(9):1255-60. [Uses 2000-2009 HCUP NIS data, citing Overview of the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), and uses AHRQ's HCUPnet online query system to calculate weighted counts of discharges of hospitalized adults.] Select to access the abstract.

Spine
Fineberg SJ, Nandyala SV, Marquez-Lara A, et al. Incidence and risk factors for postoperative delirium after lumbar spine surgery. Spine 2013 Sep 15; 38(20):1790-6. [Uses 2002-2009 HCUP NIS data.] Select to access the abstract.

Surgical Endoscopy
Anderson JE, Chang DC, Talamini MA. A nationwide examination of outcomes of percutaneous cholecystostomy compared with cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis, 1998-2010. Surg Endosc 2013 Sep; 27(9):3406-11. [Uses 1998-2010 HCUP NIS data, citing Overview of the HCUP Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), 2011, as published on AHRQ's HCUP Web site.] Select to access the abstract.

Also refer to articles by Nguyen et al. (Cleft Palate Craniofac J, 2013) and Peng, Meyerhoefer, and Zuvekas (NBER Work Pap Ser, 2013) cited in AHRQ-Funded/Authored Articles and article by Soni et al. (J Hosp Med, 2013) cited in Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC)-Related Articles.

Current as of September 2013
Internet Citation: Importance of Mixed Methods in Pragmatic Trials and Dissemination and Implementation Research: Articles of Interest, September 27, 2013. September 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/news/newsroom/articles-of-interest/20130927.html