District of Columbia

Child Health Extramural Research by State and Country

Principal Investigator: Ball, Jane
Title: 2000 National Congress on Childhood Emergencies—March, 2000
Institution: Children's Research Institute, Washington, DC
E-mail: jball@cnmc.org
Project Dates: 01/01/00-12/31/00
Project No.: R13 HS10084
Summary: The Second National Congress on Childhood Emergencies provided an educational opportunity for a diverse group of emergency medical services professionals to advance the concepts of continuous quality in pediatric emergency care and pediatric health care. this multi-disciplinary conference included many participants in the health research field.

Principal Investigator: Guagliardo, Mark F.
Title: Hospital Service Areas for Pediatrics
Institution: Children's Research Institute, Children's Hospital National Medical Center, Washington, DC
E-mail: mguaglia@cnmc.org
Project Dates: 09/01/00-08/01/01
Project No.: R03 HS11021
Summary: This exploratory project will define hospital service areas for pediatrics (HSAPs) using methodology similar to that used for elderly adults. The fit of the new HSAPs and the original HSAs to the patient origin data and their relative performance as a clustering variable for pediatric asthma hospitalization will be compared.

Principal Investigator: Johnson, Alissa
Title: Improving Child Health: The Role of Policymakers in Prevention and Treatment of Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities—August, 2007 (Boston, MA); July, 2008 (New Orleans, LA); July, 2009 (Philadelphia, PA)
Institution: National Conference of State Legislatures, Washington, DC
E-mail: alissa.johnson@ncsl.org
Project Dates: 10/1/06-09/30/09
Project No.: R13 HD54282
Summary: The objectives of this multi-year conference are to: (1) identify the range of policy approaches utilized by state and federal policymakers to address the prevention and treatment of birth defects and developmental disabilities; (2) foster information sharing about new strategies to prevent and treat birth defects and developmental disabilities through public programs; and (3) develop new pathways for the translation of scientific research and technology into public health programs by informing policymakers about research activities. This conference is intended to better the lives of children through improved prevention, quality of care, and increased access to treatments for birth defects and developmental disabilities. AHRQ is co-funding this conference with the National Institutes of Child Health and Human Development and other entities.

Principal Investigator: Kroll, Thilo
Title: Violence and Spinal Cord Injury: Understanding the Rehabilitation Context*
Institution: Medstar Research Institute, Washington, DC
E-mail: thilo.kroll@medstar.net
Project Dates: 05/01/02-04/30/03
Project No.: R03 HS13039
Summary: The purpose of this qualitative study is to develop an in-depth understanding of the context and consequences of violently-acquired spinal cord injury (VASCI) through an inductive process, and to develop an evaluation plan for VASCI rehabilitation programs that will serve as a template for future program evaluations targeting interventions for vulnerable populations.

Principal Investigator: Lear, Julia
Title: Improving Quality in Medication Management in School—March 23-24, 2004
Institution: George Washington University, Washington, DC
E-mail: jgl@gwu.edu
Project Dates: 08/06/03-08/05/04
Project No.: R13 HS14208
Summary: The focus of this conference is on improving the safety of health care for children in the management of medication and other treatment regimes while they are in schools. The conference will (1) describe the issues of patient safety in medication management in schools, (2) identify the unique characteristics of in-school medication administration, including the impact of school board policies, local and state laws and regulations, (3) develop and prioritize research topics ready for further study, and (4) identify approaches for integrating school-based medication management monitoring and quality improvement practices with the larger health care quality improvements systems.

Principal Investigator: Mitchell, Jean
Title: Medicaid Managed Care for Children with Special Health Care Needs (CSHCN)
Institution: Georgetown Public Policy Institute, Georgetown University, Washington, DC
E-mail: mitchejm@gunet.georgetown.edu
Project Dates: 06/01/01-05/31/04
Project No.: R01 HS10912
Summary: This study will analyze factors determining selection of a managed care plan by the parents of CSHCN, examine difficulties children may have in getting access to care by questioning parents, and examine several quality of care indicators such as receipt of preventive services (including immunizations and dental care, referrals to specialists, appropriateness of medication use, hospitalizations for ambulatory sensitive conditions, and continuity of care).

Principal Investigator: Moon, Rachel Y.
Title: Factors Affecting Racial Disparities in SIDS
Institution: Children's Research Institute of the Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC
Project Dates: 07/01/08-06/30/10
Project No.: R03-HS016892
Summary: This project will investigate the disproportionate incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) among African Americans. The incidence of SIDS is higher in this population, despite a marked decrease in the overall incidence of SIDS following the vigorous American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) campaign for change in infant sleeping position. Infant sleep position will be investigated among African Americans of both higher and lower socioeconomic status to determine how parental decisions are made about infant care and sleep position in particular. Health care providers will be able to use this information to provide more effective advice about safe infant sleep environments to African American families.

Principal Investigator: Muldoon, Jennifer
Title: Eighth Annual Child Health Services Research (CHSR) Meeting—June 24, 2006 (Seattle, WA)
Institution: AcademyHealth, Washington, DC
E-mail: jennifer.muldoon@academyhealth.org
Project Dates:05/12/06-05/11/07
Project No.:R13 HS16292
Summary:The purpose of this CHSR Meeting was to bring together researchers, managers, and policy and clinical decisionmakers in child health services to learn first hand from colleagues about the latest research, policy dilemmas, methods, and resources in the field. This conference provided a forum in which the child health services community could: (1) disseminate the results of child health services research; (2) inform policy and clinical decisionmaking on child health services; (3) build researchers' skills with new methods and data sources for child health services research; and (4) create networking opportunities for those interested in child health services. This meeting was the principal dissemination opportunity for health services research on a priority population—children.

Principal Investigator: Pollack, Murray
Title: Pediatric Emergency Care: Severity and Quality
Institution: Children's Research Institute, Washington, DC
E-mail: mpollack@cnmc.org
Project Dates: 9/30/99-9/29/01
Project No.: R01 HS10238
Summary: This study will validate a pediatric emergency department severity system, and apply the system in an evaluation of quality of care in the pediatric emergency department setting. The study will also analyze a set of institutional factors and clinical factors (including severity) to identify correlates of hospital admission.

Principal Investigator: Rios, Elena
Title: Health Disparities and Hispanic Research—March 31-April 3, 2005*
Institution: National Hispanic Medical Association (NHMA), Washington, DC
E-mail: erios@nhmamd.org
Project Dates: 03/25/05-03/24/06
Project No.: R13 HS16074
Summary: The purpose of this health services conference was to disseminate AHRQ's National Healthcare Disparities Report to new audiences of Hispanic physicians, medical residents, and health professionals to encourage them to consider a health services career and specifically, AHRQ training opportunities. Conference proceedings will be posted on the NHMA Web site as a resource for all Web visitors.

Principal Investigator: Slonim, Anthony D.
Title: Hospital Reported Medical Injury in Children
Institution: Children's Research Institute, Children's Hospital National Medical Center, Washington, DC
E-mail: aslonim@cnmc.org
Project Dates: 09/01/00-08/31/01
Project No.: R03 HS11022
Summary: This project will use AHRQ's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) to: (1) quantify the proportion of pediatric discharges with hospital-reported medical injuries; and (2) describe the association of selected patient characteristics with hospital-reported medical injuries.

Principal Investigator: Slonim, Anthony D.
Title: Improve Safety of Blood Product Transfusions in Children
Institution: Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC
E-mail: aslonim@cnmc.org
Project Dates: 09/30/03-08/31/06
Project No.: K08 HS14009
Summary: This Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award will perform a probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) of blood product transfusion practices in children so that opportunities to reduce errors and improve safety for other low frequency, high-impact processes can be identified. The PRA is a tool that is a hybrid between process analysis and decision support methods used in high-risk industries. Using AHRQ's Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, and the Pediatric Health Information System databases, this study will determine the proportion of discharges through which blood product transfusions are administered during hospitalization and describe patient characteristics associated with transfusions. American Indians, Asians, Blacks and other children will be participants in this study.

Principal Investigator: Valentine, Wendy
Title: Fifth Annual Child Health Services Research (CHSR) Meeting: What Works in Child Health Services Research—June 26, 2003
Institution: The Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy, Washington, DC
E-mail: wvalentine@academyhealth.org
Project Dates: 11/01/02-06/30/03
Project No.: R01 HS 08201
Summary: The meeting, co-sponsored by AHRQ and AcademyHealth, celebrated the gathering of researchers and policy professionals to learn about new research in child health services, to discuss critical health policy issues for children and to develop skills in research methods. Various sessions addressed quality improvement, patient safety, children with special health care needs, oral and dental health, SCHIP findings for vulnerable populations, and new frontiers in child health services research.

Principal Investigator: Valentine, Wendy
Title: First International Child Health Services Research Meeting—September 20, 2003
Institution: The Academy for Health Services Research and Health Policy, Washington, DC
E-mail: wendy.valentine@academyhealth.org
Project Dates: 02/28/03-12/31/03
Contract No.: 290-98-0003
Summary: This first-time one-day affiliate meeting, co-sponsored by AHRQ and AcademyHealth, focused on child health services research seeking to advance children's health services and health through the establishment of a strategic focus for international child health services research activities. By bringing together leaders from diverse countries, the meeting addressed the current absence of an emphasis on children in the international dialogue on health care quality and health services improvement.

Principal Investigator: Valentine, Wendy
Title: Seventh Annual Child Health Services Research Meeting—June 25, 2005 (Boston, MA)
Institution: AcademyHealth, Washington, DC
E-mail: wendy.valentine@academyhealth.org
Project Dates: 05/12/05-05/11/06
Project No.: R13 HS14742
Summary: This one-day conference, co-sponsored by AHRQ and AcademyHealth, provided plenaries highlighting views on health information technology for child health research and health care improvement, and the year ahead for children: Medicaid and SCHIP. Concurrent sessions addressed issues on access/quality of health care for limited English proficient patients; HCUP and children's health care research; quality improvement in Medicaid; child health care workforce; using new national survey data sets to provide information on children and youth with special health care needs.

Principal Investigator: Valentine, Wendy
Title: Sixth Annual Child Health Services Research Meeting: Child Health Services Research Across Systems—June 5, 2004 (San Diego, CA)
Institution: AcademyHealth, Washington, DC
E-mail: wendy.valentine@academyhealth.org
Project Dates:04/01/04-03/31/05
Contract No.: R13 HS14654
Summary: This conference, co-sponsored by AHRQ and AcademyHealth, provided an opportunity for participants to learn about the latest child health services research, develop new skills and discuss critical policy issues for children. Various sessions addressed, preventive service delivery improvement interventions, pediatric patient safety, activating parents, school readiness, research in health plans, and qualitative methods.

*Project includes children or children's health care issues but does not focus exclusively on children.

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Current as of March 2009
Internet Citation: District of Columbia: Child Health Extramural Research by State and Country. March 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/policymakers/child-state-country/stlist_dc.html