Ohio

Child Health Extramural Research by State and Country

Principal Investigator: DeWitt, Thomas
Title: Enhancement of the Technology Interface for the Cincinnati Pediatric Research Group
Institution: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: thomas.dewitt@chmcc.org
Project Dates: 09/30/02-09/29/04
Project No.: R21 HS13506
Summary: This regional network of pediatric providers will develop a system to allow electronic solicitation of data using handheld devices and wireless communications. Since the system will allow a real-time transmission of clinical impressions and symptoms, one of its intended uses is bioterrorism surveillance.

Principal Investigator: Froehlich, Tanya
Title: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Its Subtypes, and Co-morbidity in a Nationally Representative Sample: Overall Prevalence and Sociodemographic Variation.
Institution: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: tanya.froehlich@cchmc.org
Project Dates: 07/13/05-12/31/05
Project No.: HHSP233200500492P
Summary: This research will determine whether socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity influence ADHD prevalence, recognition, and treatment. The investigator will use NHANES data collected in 2001 and 2002 for children ages 8-15 years with an over-sampling of African American and Mexican American children.

Principal Investigator: Kall, Greg
Title: CCHS-East Huron Hospital CPOE Project*
Institution: Meridia Health System CCHS-East, East Cleveland, OH
E-mail: kallg@ccf.org
Project Dates: 09/30/04-08/31/07
Project No.: UC1 HS015076
Summary: This project will measure the impact of the computerized physician order entry (CPOE) on quality of care, safety, and administrative efficiency with a special focus on patients with chronic diseases (COPD, diabetes, heart disease, end-stage renal disease, and asthma) using the clinical data repository created by the electronic medical record. This study will involve an inner city, economically disadvantaged patient population.

Principal Investigator: Kiely, Michele
Title: Cincinnati Pediatric Research Group Enhancement Project
Institution: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: michele.kiely@chmcc.org
Project Dates: 09/30/00-09/29/01
Project No.: P20 HS11206
Summary: This Practice-based Research Network (PBRN) is currently composed of 16 pediatric practices that serve a diverse group of 40,000 patients, including African Americans and the underserved in Appalachia. This PBRN's planning grant will expand the provider base and the integration of disparate data systems into a centralized system for ongoing longitudinal data collection, maintenance, analysis, and reporting.

Principal Investigator: Kiely, Michele
Title: Cincinnati Pediatric Research Group Enhancement Project
Institution: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: michele.kiely@chmcc.org
Project Dates: 09/30/01-09/29/02
Project No.: P20 HS11201
Summary: This study will further develop and create a significant, stable infrastructure for an established community-practice based research network to provide pediatric primary care.

Principal Investigator: Mahabee-Gittens, E. Melinda
Title: Clinical Decision Rules in Pediatric Pneumonia
Institution: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: maham@chmcc.org
Project Dates: 09/01/00-08/31/01
Project No.: R03 HS11038
Summary: This study will develop decision rules to predict radiographic pneumonia (pneumonia detected by chest x-ray) in patients aged 2-5 years old with symptoms of lower respiratory infection.

Principal Investigator: Nicholson, Lisa
Title: Racial and Ethnic Variation in Adolescent Obesity: A Multilevel Study of Neighborhoods and Schools
Institution: Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
E-mail: nicholson.123@osu.edu
Project Dates: 09/01/06-06/30/07
Project No.: R36 HS16568
Summary: This study will use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (ADD-Health), as well as Waves I and III, to examine variations in young adult obesity as predicted by adolescent neighborhood environments and school facilities, with a specific focus on low-income neighborhoods and schools, African-Americans, and Hispanics. The study will attempt to determine (1) the effect of race/ethnicity on the risk of obesity; (2) the extent to which neighborhood disadvantage helps to explain racial and ethnic variations in obesity; and (3) the extent to which disadvantaged schools explain racial and ethnic variations in obesity. This study will also explore the interactive effect of race and ethnicity with neighborhood disadvantage and school disadvantage.

Principal Investigator: Patterson, Mary
Title: Implementing a Simulation-Based Safety Curriculum in a Pediatric Emergency Site
Institution: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: mary.patterson@cchmc.org
Project Dates: 07/01/05-06/30/07
Project No.: U18 HS15841
Summary: The aims of this study are to: (1) implement a multidisciplinary simulation-based safety curriculum that encompasses crew resource management, teamwork behaviors and critical communication skills; and (2) evaluate the effectiveness of this curriculum by assessing knowledge of and attitudes towards patient safety among caregivers prior to and following this intervention. The study additionally aims to: (3) evaluate the effectiveness of training by assessing teamwork behaviors in a simulated setting prior to and following the intervention; and (4) evaluate the transfer of the skills learned in a simulated setting to the Emergency Department (ED) environment by evaluation of teamwork skills in actual critical emergency department patients. The targeted population (African American; Hispanic; and multi-racial) for this educational intervention is ED personnel, faculty, and residents in training.

Principal Investigator: Patterson, Mary
Title: In Situ Teamwork Training and Detection of Safety Threats in High Risk Settings
Institution: Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH
E-mail: mary.patterson@cchmc.org
Project Dates: 09/30/06-09/29/08
Project No.: U18 HS16615
Summary: This study will identify the causes of medical errors and use multidisciplinary simulation-based teamwork training to decrease the numbers of and mitigate the effects of medical errors in high risk clinical settings. The effectiveness of this training will be evaluated by assessing teamwork behaviors, errors and time to intervention. Minorities will be included in this study.

Principal Investigator: Polivka, Barbara
Title: Poisoning Incidence and Emergency Department Use/Misuse in Young Children
Institution: Ohio State University, Columbus, OH
E-mail: polivka.1@osu.edu
Project Dates: 02/15/06-05/15/07
Project No.: R03 HS15713
Summary: This study will examine poison exposures where the poison control center (PCC) was contacted for advice and subsequently followed, versus those that were not followed, versus emergency department/urgent care (ED/UC) in lieu of initial PCC contact. The retrospective review of electronic records will link data from the PCC, the hospital ED/UC, and the institutional national electronic injury surveillance system. In addition, this study will develop a comprehensive age-specific poisoning incidence rate, determine rates of non-PCC compliance, and identify patterns in non-PCC use. Electronic record reviews will be limited to children younger than 6 years old from a Midwestern urban area. Records of racial/ethnic minority children will be included in this study.

*Project includes children or children's health care issues but does not focus exclusively on children.

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Current as of March 2009
Internet Citation: Ohio: Child Health Extramural Research by State and Country. March 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/policymakers/child-state-country/stlist_oh.html