Promoting the Use of Health Information Technology (IT) to Improve Children's Health Care

Twelve demonstration States are promoting the use of health information technology (IT) to improve children's health care.

Contents

Overview

In February 2010, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) awarded grants to 10 States under a 5-year, $100 million effort to improve health care quality and delivery systems for children enrolled in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). The five grant categories are projects that

  1. Show how a core set of children's quality measures can be used to improve quality of care for children (Category A).
  2. Promote the use of health information technology to enhance service quality and care coordination (Category B).
  3. Implement new or more comprehensive provider-based models of service delivery (Category C).
  4. Demonstrate the impact of a model electronic health record format for children (Category D).
  5. Test an approach to quality improvement of a State's own design (Category E).

This page summarizes the projects that States are implementing under the second category (Category B), "promoting the use of health IT to improve the quality of children's health care," and highlights some of the key questions addressed by the national evaluation.

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Importance of Health IT Demonstrations for Children

Innovative applications of health IT have the potential to enhance care for children by: reducing errors at the pharmacy, improving communication between clinical practices and schools, and making accurate information about effective new treatments more available to both physicians and families. Benefits like these could lead to better quality of care for children in Medicaid and CHIP, which in turn could contribute to better health outcomes for children and more efficient use of resources.

Children enrolled in Medicaid and CHIP programs have not realized the potential benefits of health IT because, until recently, few health IT projects have paid specific attention to their needs. For example, many existing electronic health record (EHR) systems do not include adequate child-specific features or provide appropriate clinical decision support for the treatment of children. Some State demonstration projects are focusing on collaborating with other, ongoing efforts to develop or expand health information exchanges (HIEs), which are secure statewide data centers that can be used to share data among providers to enhance service coordination. These projects are working to ensure that HIEs include adequate information from clinics, practices, and community settings that serve children.

The CHIPRA Quality Demonstration Grant Program offers States the chance to develop and promote the use of health IT for children in Medicaid and CHIP. Successful demonstrations can show other States how to leverage ongoing health IT efforts to maximize the quality of children's health care and enhance coordination of services, especially services for children with special needs. Most of these projects are building on initiatives linked to the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) provisions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

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Demonstration Project Activities

As Table 1 shows, twelve States are implementing demonstrations that use a variety of health IT strategies to promote the quality of care for children. These activities include: using various combinations of EHRs, personal health records (PHRs), and HIEs for various purposes. These purposes include: automated reporting of the initial set of core quality measures for children; Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnostic, and Treatment (EPSDT) reporting; providing support for clinical decision making; promoting quality improvement in clinical settings, supporting the informational needs of public health agencies; fostering consumer engagement; or coordinating different types of providers, especially in connection with medical homes.

 

Table 1. Demonstration States' Health IT Activities

ActivityOR*AKWVWYUT*IDFL*ILME*VTSC*PA*
Creating or enhancing a regional child health database or data warehouse    XXXXXX X
Developing tools and strategies to link data across multiple State agencies    XXXXXX X
Increasing access to information for families and non-health organizations   XXX   X X
Encouraging practices to use electronic health records & quality measuresXXXX   X  XX
Promoting e-reporting from practices to child health databaseXXX XXX XXX 
Promoting e-reporting from child health database to practices & other entitiesXXX    XXXX 
Investigating use of incentive payments based on practice performance          X 

Source: Information gathered from the demonstration States in 2011 through telephone calls and project documents.
Note: * denotes grantee. Oregon is the grantee partnered with Alaska and West Virginia. Maryland is the grantee partnered with Wyoming. Utah is partnering with Idaho; Florida is the grantee partnered with Illinois; and Maine is the grantee partnered with Vermont.

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Evaluating these Projects

The national evaluation team will assess the State demonstrations using both quantitative and qualitative data from a multi-State physician survey, site visits, key informant interviews, and focus groups with parents.  By examining the change in clinical processes, clinical outcomes, and consumer satisfaction, the national evaluation team will attempt to address a wide range of questions, such as:

  • What kind of health IT strategies did States implement to improve the quality of children's health care or reduce costs?
  • What resources were needed to implement these strategies?
  • What barriers and facilitators did States encounter?
  • What impact did these projects have on quality of care for children in Medicaid or CHIP?
  • Did the health IT strategies increase family choice and involvement in their child's care?

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Learn More

To learn more about the individual projects in this grant category, use the following links: Oregon, Alaska, West Virginia, Florida, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, South Carolina, Pennsylvania, and North Carolina.

This page summarizes projects that States are implementing under the first category (Category A), using a set of core quality measures to enhance the quality of children's health care. To learn about the other grant categories, please use the left navigational bar, organized by 5 areas of focus.

To learn more about the evaluation of these demonstrations, send an email to CHIPRADemoEval@ahrq.hhs.gov.

Please note: This Web site uses the term "national evaluation" to distinguish this evaluation of the entire demonstration program from evaluations commissioned or undertaken by grantees. The word "national" should not be interpreted to mean that findings are representative of the United States as a whole.

Current as of June 2013
Internet Citation: Promoting the Use of Health Information Technology (IT) to Improve Children's Health Care. June 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/policymakers/chipra/demoeval/promote-it/index.html