Table 1

This report contains estimates of mental health treatment expenditures and selected population characteristics by health insurance status among low income individuals in the community population from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).

Table 1. Sociodemographic characteristics, mental health utilization and expenditures by insurance coverage, adults aged 18-64 with family incomes less than 100 percent of poverty, civilian non-institutionalized population, 2004-2006

CharacteristicsMedicarePrivateMedicaidUninsured part-yearUninsured full-yearTotal
Total Population Aged 18-64 under ≤150% of FPL
2006 Population (1000s)2,0944,7275,2445,26610,08227,414
% white57.6%65.4%44.5%53.7%43.5%50.3%
% black27.1%16.6%29.9%22.2%19.4%22.1%
% Hispanic11.5%11.8%20.9%19.1%32.4%22.6%
% other race/ethnicity3.8%6.2%4.7%5.1%4.7%5.0%
% rural (non-MSA)21.0%16.4%18.0%19.2%19.2%18.6%
% poor or fair physical health71.5%16.8%42.0%28.8%23.4%30.5%
% poor/fair mental health56.2%11.5%31.7%19.1%16.3%22.0%
% serious psychological distress28.8%6.2%17.4%12.6%10.3%12.8%
mean per capita MH spending $ 2006$1,572$232$695$252$125$385
% with any MH treatment46.3%15.6%25.9%15.2%8.1%17.0%
mean MH expenditures if treatment$3,384$1,468$2,699$1,934$1,548$2,320
% with Medicaid coverage67.5%5.7%100.0%57.2%0.0%37.2%
% of MH spending paid by Medicaid34.3%----a89.7%37.5%0.0%48.4%
Serious Psychological Distress (K6≥13)
% white56.2%70.6%50.1%56.5%59.2%56.6%
% black25.8%----a25.5%21.4%18.7%21.5%
% Hispanic16.1%10.1%21.0%16.4%19.2%18.0%
% other race/ethnicity----a----a----a----a----a5.1%
% rural (non-MSA)19.2%24.3%18.4%22.9%23.6%21.4%
% poor or fair physical health87.0%50.9%76.3%64.1%56.0%67.6%
% poor/fair mental health82.8%52.8%72.9%64.3%53.5%65.5%
mean per capita MH spending $ 2006$2,525$603$1,737----a$478$1,275
% with any MH treatment67.2%46.7%57.0%44.4%26.0%46.2%
mean MH expenditures if treatment$3,757$1,290$3,048$2,448$1,835$2,757
% with Medicaid coverage71.7%----a100.0%73.9%0.0%53.6%
% of MH spending paid by Medicaid38.2%----a86.6%----a0.0%49.3%
No Serious Psychological Distress (K6<13)
% white58.2%65.0%43.4%53.2%41.7%49.3%
% black27.6%17.1%30.8%22.3%19.5%22.2%
% Hispanic9.7%11.9%20.9%19.4%33.9%23.3%
% other race/ethnicity4.5%6.0%5.0%5.0%4.9%5.1%
% rural (non-MSA)21.8%15.9%18.0%18.6%18.7%18.2%
% poor or fair physical health65.3%14.5%34.8%23.7%19.7%25.1%
% poor/fair mental health45.4%8.7%23.0%12.6%12.1%15.6%
mean per capita MH spending $ 2006$1,186$207$475$131$85$254
% with any MH treatment37.8%13.5%19.4%11.0%6.0%12.7%
mean MH expenditures if treatment$3,137$1,533$2,447$1,196$1,408$1,998
% with Medicaid coverage66.0%5.1%100.0%54.1%0.0%34.3%
% of MH spending paid by Medicaid28.4%----a91.5%61.3%0.0%47.6%

Source: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey 2004-2006, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends, Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.
a. Cell suppressed because it does not meet AHRQ standards for statistical reliability.

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Page last reviewed May 2009
Internet Citation: Table 1. May 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/policymakers/health-initiatives/meps/lowinc/lowinctab1.html