160. Treatment Recommendations: Medications

Treating Tobacco Use and Dependence: 2008 Update
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Meta-analysis (2008): Effectiveness and abstinence rates for smokers not willing to quit (but willing to change their smoking patterns or reduce their smoking) after receiving nicotine replacement therapy compared to placebo (n = 5 studies)

Intervention Number of arms Estimated odds ratio (95% C. I.) Estimated Abstinence rate (95% C. I.)
Placebo 5 1.0 3.6
Nicotine replacement (gum, inhaler or patch) 5 2.5 (1.7, 3.7) 8.4 (5.9, 12.0)

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Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: 160. Treatment Recommendations: Medications. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/guidelines-recommendations/tobacco/clinicians/presentations/2008update-full/slide160.html