194. Specific Populations and Other Topics (Continued)
Evidence of effectiveness of tobacco dependence interventions in specific populations
|Population of Smokers||Review of Evidence|
|Low SES/limited formal education||
Meta-analysis (2008): 5 studies met selection criteria and contributed to a 2008 Guideline meta-analysis comparing counseling vs. usual care or no counseling among individuals with low SES/limited formal education. Meta-analytic results showed that counseling is effective in treating smokers with low SES/limited formal education (OR = 1.42; 95% C.I. = 1.04-1.92) (Abstinence rate without counseling = 13.2 %; with counseling, abstinence rate = 17.7% [95% C.I. = 13.7%- 22.6%])
Interventions included in the meta-analysis were motivational messages with and without telephone counseling for low-income mothers and low-income African Americans; proactive telephone counseling in addition to nicotine patches; tailored bed-side counseling and follow-up for hospitalized African-American patients.