Funded Grants Submitted by Nurses

1980 - 2005

Funded grants submitted by nurses.

This document lists summaries of funded grants for which nurses were the principal investigators. Once a grant is closed and a final report has been filed, the final report is available from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS).

For information on how to apply for an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) grant, select .

The summaries of grants appear in alphabetical order by principal investigator.
Use the alphabetic index that follows to select the first letter of the principal investigator's last name.

 

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

 

A

Principal Investigator: Lauren S. Aaronson, M.S.N., R.N.
Institution: University of Michigan
Grant No: R03 HS04440 (Dissertation)
Period: 6/1/81-5/31/82
Title: Outcomes of Hospital Dedicated AIDS Units
Summary: Two discrete models for organizing inpatient AIDS care have emerged as hospitals responded to the AID epidemic; dedicated AIDS units and scattered-beds located on multi-diagnosis medical units. The degree to which AIDS care should be rendered in setting that segregate patients from the medical mainstream continues to be debated. Concerns about quality of care and patent satisfaction on specialized AIDS units persist. Results are provided from the first large-scale multi-hospital study of dedicated units. A number of benefits of dedicated AIDS units are found including higher patient satisfaction, greater patient preference for care on dedicated units, and lower nurse burnout. There is no evidence that specialized AIDS units adversely affect care as was feared early in the epidemic. A major part of our research has been the evaluation of four methods for measuring severity of illness among AIDS inpatients. We show that a simple four category scale reflecting nurses' assessments of patients' need for assistance in basic activities of daily living is a better predictor of in-hospital mortality than the two more established AIDS severity of illness measures and CD4 counts. The use of this measure could facilitate the assessment of the effectiveness of inpatient AIDS interventions.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB96145487

Principal Investigator: Linda H. Aiken, Ph.D., R.N.
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Grant No: R01 HS08603 (Research Project)
Period: 2/1/92-9/29/98
Title: Outcomes of Hospital Dedicated AIDS Units
Summary: Two discrete models for organizing inpatient AIDS care have emerged as hospitals responded to the AID epidemic; dedicated AIDS units and scattered-beds located on multi-diagnosis medical units. The degree to which AIDS care should be rendered in setting that segregate patients from the medical mainstream continues to be debated. Concerns about quality of care and patent satisfaction on specialized AIDS units persist. Results are provided from the first large-scale multi-hospital study of dedicated units. A number of benefits of dedicated AIDS units are found including higher patient satisfaction, greater patient preference for care on dedicated units, and lower nurse burnout. There is no evidence that specialized AIDS units adversely affect care as was feared early in the epidemic. A major part of our research has been the evaluation of four methods for measuring severity of illness among AIDS inpatients. We show that a simple four category scale reflecting nurses' assessments of patients' need for assistance in basic activities of daily living is a better predictor of in-hospital mortality than the two more established AIDS severity of illness measures and CD4 counts. The use of this measure could facilitate the assessment of the effectiveness of inpatient AIDS interventions.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB96145487

Principle Investigator: Diane Audiss, B.S.N., MOTH, Ph.D.
Institution: St. Charles Medical Center
Grant No: P20 HS14930 (Research Project)
Period: 9/30/04-9/29/05
Title: Improving the Quality of Healthcare in Central Oregon
Summary: The seven healthcare organizations participating in this proposed AHRQ planning process are members of the Central and Eastern Oregon Hospital Network (CONet). CONet is the largest regional hospital network in Oregon and is the only healthcare organization in the region working collaboratively to improve rural access to healthcare. The members' history of collaboration has included the creation and implementation of the state's first and only rural telemedicine network. The AHRQ planning grant represents an exceptional opportunity for CONet to develop the needed HIT infrastructure to develop a regional approach to patient safety and quality care. The small CONet rural hospitals struggle financially and lack the resources to dedicate to planning for needed HIT infrastructure. The most medically underserved counties in Oregon are in the CONet region. Many communities are federally designated physician shortage areas and do not have physicians. All of Oregon's federally designated frontier counties are located in the CONet service region. CONet hospitals manifest varying levels of sophistication with their existing computer systems—from almost everything done by hand to varying levels of computerization. The AHRQ planning grant offers an opportunity to cooperatively work with one another to jointly develop an integrated HIT for patient safety and quality care solutions. The planning grant process will provide CONet the opportunity to identify key issues that will improve patient safety and quality of care, including analyzing the cost-benefit of technical solutions to the region's needs. The proposed planning process will require hiring a consultant, who will assist with patient safety and quality of care education and needs assessment; a second consultant will be hired to help identify the regional technology that would best meet the need(s) identified from the results of the needs assessment.

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B

Principal Investigator: Dorothy Baker, M.N., Ph.D.
Institution: Yale University
Grant No: R03 HS06291(Small Research Project)
Period: 8/1/89-7/31/90
Title: Impact of Toileting Dependence on Home Care Charges
Summary: The object of this research was to examine how different subsets of patients use publicly funded home care services. Identification of those patient characteristics that are associated with relatively expensive charges for home care is fundamental to future policies regarding which types of patients are best served in this setting, and how such care should be reimbursed. The specific aim of this retrospective cohort study was to compare the public costs incurred for providing home care services to low income, elderly patients who are increasingly dependent in toileting relative to those that are independent. Hypotheses will be tested using analysis of variance and multivariate analysis to determine if those dependent in toileting generate higher costs of formal home care and to identify the pattern of use of home call services associated with increasing levels of disability. This research makes a unique contribution because extensive patient specific baseline assessment data will be linked with five years of actual bill files yielding a complete picture of all publicly funded home care services received by a cohort of community living elders. The nature of the data thus makes is possible to compare the experience of patients with increasing dependence in activities of daily living across programs and over time.

Principal Investigator: Suzanne Bakken, R.N., D.N.Sc.
Institution: Columbia University
Grant No.: R13 HS10976 (Conference)
Period: 9/30/01-9/29/02
Title: AMIA 2001: A Medical Informatics Odyssey
Summary: The goal of this conference is to examine and promote the role of informatics research in enhancing patient safety and preventing medical errors through a specific track on patient safety, and to provide an interactive forum for patient safety and medical informatics experts to discuss common issues. Participants include health care professionals, AMIA's institutional and corporate members who have a strong interest in medical informatics, and health information professionals. In addition to a journal supplement, the proceedings will also be available in CD-ROM. A survey of a sample of the attendees will address the utilization of the Patient Safety Supplement as an information resource.

Principal Investigator: Gail A. Barbosa, M.S., R.N.
Institution: Johns Hopkins University
Grant No: R03 HS06930 (Dissertation)
Period: 9/1/91-8/31/93
Title: Life Stress and Pre-term Birth Among Urban Black Women
Summary: This study was conducted to examine the relationship among negative life events, emotional supports, and length of pregnancy, independent of other known risks associated with early delivery, Data from 550 low-income, urban, African American women were collected during pregnancy and after delivery using questionnaire, personal interview, and clinical data base. Neither adequacies of emotional support nor the number or severity of negative life events were related to length of pregnancy, nor were mediated by the control variables. An unanticipated finding was that women who experienced the death of a mother or sister (n=11) during the first two trimesters of pregnancy were 15.4 (CI 3.0-79.6) and 4.7 (CI 1.1-18.1) times more likely to experience very early (<34 weeks) and preterm birth (37 weeks), respectively. For this sample, the summing of negative events appears to have had little validity in the measure of stress. The death of a female family member may represent the attributes of acute stress that directly effect the initiation of early delivery.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB95236451

Principle Investigator: Jane Barnsteiner, FAAN, Ph.D.
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Grant No: R13 HS14836 (Small Conference)
Period: 5/10/04-5/9/05
Title: State of the Science of Safe Medication
Summary: Not available.

Principal Investigator: Marjorie V. Batey, R.N., Ph.D.
Institution: University of Washington
Grant No: R03 HS04336 (Small Research Project)
Period: 9/22/80-9/21/81
Title: Prescribing Practices of Nurse Practitioners
Summary: 401 nurse practitioners (NPs) were identified in five states where NPs had broad based prescriptive authority but differing levels of autonomy in their practice sites (AK, WA, OR, ID and NM). The majority of respondents to Part I of the study were female (92 percent) and 57 percent had nursing education at the bachelor's and/or master's level. They were primarily employed in clinics (69 percent) or physician's offices (28 percent), and 39 percent practiced in communities or >2,500 population. Of those who then kept and returned prescription logs for Part II of the study, drugs most frequently prescribed were anti-infectives, hormones, respiratory drugs, analgesics, and cardiovascular drugs because ferrous (iron) products were included in this classification. No systematic differences in practices were found that could be attributed to the legal requirements established for prescriptive authority for NPs. Rather, differences in prescribing practices were attributable primarily to scope of practice and presenting health problems

Principle Investigator: Anna Beeber, B.S.N., M.S.N., Ph.D.
Institution: University of Pennsylvania
Grant No: R36 HS14697 (Dissertation)
Period: 9/1/04-6/30/05
Title: A Qualitative Description of Enrollment in PACE
Summary: As the elder population continues to increase in the US, the need intensifies for community based alternatives to nursing homes. Particularly urgent is research concerning novel ways to provide long-term care services, especially for high need and high cost populations. The drive to reduce costs, and to avoid costly stays in institutional long-term care, has brought the development of comprehensive community based long-term care (CBLTC) programs to the forefront of the health services research agenda. One comprehensive CBLTC program, the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE), provides cost effective comprehensive care for elders with the goal of promoting independence and minimizing institutionalization. PACE, like many other CBLTC programs, faces challenges in recruiting participants into the program. Although the underlying rationale for CBLTC programs is to reduce costs and minimize institutionalization, little supporting evidence on long-term care options comes from elders, family members, informal caregivers, and providers. Thus, much is unknown about PACE as a choice of care for elders including the many facets associated with enrollment in PACE. Therefore, the purpose of this qualitative study is to describe enrollment in a PACE from the perspective of elders, families, informal caregivers, and providers. Using qualitative descriptive methods, this study will focus on the following questions: What is enrollment in a PACE? When, how, and why do elders enroll in PACE? What events contribute or lead to enrollment in PACE from the perspectives of elders, families, informal caregivers, and providers of health and social services? This study will provide the foundation for a program of health services research focused on PACE and other CBLTC programs for elders, with special emphasis on the impact of enrollment processes on current and future models of care.

Principal Investigator: Crystal C. Bennett, D.N.Sc., M.N.
Institution: University of California
Grant No: F32 HS00096 (NRSA Award)
Period: 12/1/94 -11/30/97
Title: Intervention for Minority Partners of Persons with AIDS
Summary: The impact of AIDS on the partner of the person with AIDS (PWA) is profound. Systematic research in the area of coping of low income minority partners is virtually nonexistent. Minorities are disproportionately affected by AIDS, therefore, it is important to identify factors which impact coping (appraisal of threat, self-esteem, sense of coherence, social support), coping response, and health outcome (emotional distress, somatic complaints, risky behavior, and quality of life) in minority partners of PWAS. Specific aims were to investigate: psychosocial predictors of distress [Phase I); and the effectiveness of a nursing intervention consisting of 1) AIDS and Health Education; 2) Stress Management; and 3) Coping Enhancement on these factors (Phase II). A triangulation approach using qualitative and quantitative instruments were used.

Principal Investigator: Susan J. Bennet, D.S.N.
Institution: Indiana University
Grant No: R03 HS09822 (Small Research Project)
Period: 7/1/98-6/30/00
Title: Comparison of Quality of Life Measures in Heart Failure
Summary: This Investigator is comparing the psychometric properties of two heart failure-specific quality of life measures, the Chronic Heart Failure Questionnaire (CHQ) and the Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire (LFHQ). The plan is to evaluate the reliability of the instruments, compare construct validity, evaluate responsiveness by examining the minimal clinically important differences in patient survey scores over 26 weeks, and compare face-to-face administration of each instrument with telephone administration.

Principal Investigator: Judith A. Bernstein, M.S.N.
Institution: Heller School Brandeis University
Grant No: R03 HS08949 (Dissertation)
Period: 9/1/95-5/31/96
Title: Access to Mammography for Older Women of Color
Summary: Older women of color experience an elevated breast cancer mortality (2.2 times greater for blacks than whites), primarily resulting from late diagnosis. Improved mammography utilization could prevent thousands of breast cancer deaths each year. Specific effects of barriers related to minority status, especially interrelationships among sociodemographic variables and structural factors, have not been adequately investigated. Two different data sources were used to assess the mammography usage patterns of a multi-ethnic sample of older women: (1) a cross-sectional survey, conducted through face to face interviews in the Emergency Department of an inner-city teaching hospital, and (2) a Massachusetts Medicare data set including all women 62 years of age or older who claimed any type of medical care from 1992 through 1994. Group differences related to race/ethnicity and age were established, and three separate domains of (1) individual decision-making and resources, (2) provider, referral behavior, and (3) institutional access were compared, using Chi-square measures of association. A model of relative contributions to utilization was estimated using Nested Logistic Regression.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB96198502XSP

Principal Investigator: Mary Blegen, Ph.D.
Institution: University of Iowa
Grant No: R03 HS07402 (Small Research Project)
Period: 9/30/92-3/31/94
Title: Hospital Based Managed Care: Cost and Quality
Summary: The objective of the research project was to determine the effects of Hospital Based Managed Care (HBMC) on the cost and quality of hospital care. HBMC is a delivery of care method that involved creating locally derived, multidisciplinary practice guidelines and identifying key markers of patient outcomes. Both the guidelines ('critical path') and the outcome markers were placed on a timeline and patient care followed the content and timing as described. Variances in care and outcomes were documented. A quasi-experimental, before-after design was used. All women who delivered by cesarean section during the 18 months of the study and were cared for in the maternity unit at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics were included in the analysis of cost and length of stay (N=381). Of these, 207 completed questionnaires and interviews regarding quality of care during hospitalization, and 172 were reached for a post-discharge interview. The major findings were: Length of stay after surgery decreased 13.5 percent; Cost for care after surgery decreased 13.1 percent; Patient reports of quality of care increased; Patient reports of physical recovery did not change.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB94206547XSP

Principal Investigator: Catherine Borbas, Ph.D.
Institution: Minneapolis Medical Research Institute
Grant No.: U18 HS11073 (Cooperative Agreement)
Period: 9/30/00-8/31/03
Title: Improving Utilization of Ischemic Stroke Research
Summary: This study will assess the effectiveness of a model for accelerating the use of evidence-based treatment guidelines for acute ischemic stroke in 24 urban and rural hospitals in Minnesota. The investigators from Minneapolis Medical Research Institute, Harvard Medical School, and the University of Minnesota School of Nursing will test a hospital-based intervention to improve the quality of stroke care.

Principal Investigator: Judith V. Braun, M.S.N., R.N.
Institution: Individual Award
Grant No: R03 HS05644 (Dissertation)
Period: 9/30/86-9/29/87
Title: Failure to Thrive Aged in the Nursing Home
Summary: The purpose of the longitudinal prospective study was to investigate the phenomenon of failure to thrive among nursing home aged through the use of a stratified random sample consisting of failing (n=25) and the use of a stratified random sample consisting of failing (n=25) and non-failing (n=28) groups. The time series design included multiple measurements of the variables (caloric/nutrient intake, body weight, functional ability, cognitive ability, and depression). Results demonstrated that failing subjects over time continue to lose weight and decline in both physical and cognitive function; while non-failing subjects maintained weight and function. In addition, failing subjects were consistently less physically and cognitively able and more depressed than non-failing subjects. Both groups consumed inadequate amounts of calories and other nutrients. Differences between and within groups were apparent through longitudinal and not cross-sectional analysis.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB88233457XSP

Principal Investigator: Carol S. Brewer, Ph.D.
Institution: State University of New York
Grant No: R03 HS09353 (Small Research Project)
Period: 9/30/96-9/29/99
Title: Model of the R.N. Labor Supply in Western New York
Summary: This Hospital Based Managed Care (HBMC) intervention is designed to increase efficiency by eliminating redundant patient care components while maintaining effectiveness of care and patient satisfaction with care. The HBMC intervention consists of a multi-disciplinary CareMap(tm) that includes key care components and patient problems common to a specific group of patients, i.e. diagnostic group, and a Nurse Case Manager. The Nurse Case Manager coordinates a multi-disciplinary team that develops the CareMap(tm), supervises the implementation of the map, provides staff education, and monitors patient progress. This research project is a pilot test of HBMC with C-section patients, preparatory to implementing and testing HBMC throughout the institution. The population used for the pilot test will be all patients with C-section, the most commonly performed surgery in the US. A cohort study, with quasi-comparable groups (N=200), was used to determine the effects of the intervention on the length of stay, costs, patient outcomes, and satisfaction. HBMC was be implemented on July 1, 1992, and two months was allowed for all staff to alter their practice to conform with the map. The groups that were compared are a control group, patients having C-sections from January, 1992, through June, 1992; and an experimental group, patients having C-section from September, 1992 through March, 1993. The procedures for training nurse case managers, developing and implementing CareMaps(tm), and assessing the variance from the map will also be evaluated.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB2000-100276INM

Principal Investigator: Carol S. Brewer, M.S., Ph.D., R.N.
Institution: State University of New York
Grant No.: R01 HS11320 (Regular Research Project)
Period: 8/1/02-7/31/05
Title: Factors Associated with RN Decisions to Work
Summary: The specific aim of this study is to examine factors associated with RN workforce participation behavior. The relationship of RN characteristics, work setting, and labor market region to RN job satisfaction and organizational commitment and ultimately to intention to work and actual work participation will be studied. Intention to work will be measured at time one, and actual work participation will be measured at time two. At time one, we will examine the relationship between these factors and intent to work or not to work as an RN and if the intent is to work, whether part-time or full-time. We will examine the relationships of RN characteristics, work setting, and labor market region to the mediating variables satisfaction and organizational commitment at time one. At time two, we will examine the relationship between these factors and actual work or not work as an RN and if work, whether part-time or full-time. Using data from time one and time two we will examine the relationship between intent to work or not work and actual work or not work, where intent is a causal precursor to actual.

Principal Investigator: Suzanne Broderick, Ph.D., R.N.
Institution: Health Research Inc/NYSDOH
Grant No.: U18 HS13699 (Cooperative Agreement)
Period: 9/30/02-9/29/06
Title: Different Approaches to Information Dissemination
Summary: Proposed is a four-year project aimed at dissemination of evidence-based practices in nursing homes and adult care facilities through provision of training modules. The New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is joining in partnership with the Research Division of the Hebrew Home for the Aged (RDHHAR), with representatives of the Columbia University Stroud Center and with two national organizations representing nursing homes and adult care facilities (board and care homes), and the state government inspectors responsible for surveillance and quality assurance in these facilities: the American Health Care Association (AHCA) and the Association of Health Facilities Survey Agencies (AHFSA). Finally, representatives from the Foundation for Long-term Care (FLTC), the research arm of the New York Association of Homes and Services for the Aging (LNYAHSA), a recipient of an AHRQ grant to further develop quality indicators in long-term care, will provide consultation. Representatives from these institutions will form a multi-disciplinary Advisory Group to: (a) identify effective training modules, based on findings from studies completed and published by the NYSDOH Dementia Grants program, AHRQ-funded studies, and from the Columbia University New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) and the Columbia University Geriatric Education Centers (GEC) training programs; (b) evaluate the methods for dissemination of best practices guidelines, including a program to train surveyors in best practice; and (c) disseminate the programs to the facilities that, collectively, are representative of a target population of several million individuals with chronic health and mental disorders.

Principal Investigator: Ardene Brown, Ph.D., R.N.
Institution: Marquette University
Grant No: R13 HS09362 (Conference)
Period: 2/1/97-1/31/99
Title: Healthy People 2000: Taking Action With Children and Families
Summary: The goal of this conference, which was held in March of 1997, was to bring evidence-based research to an examination of health services and outcomes for children and adolescents, especially as applied to Medicaid managed care settings. Research and demonstration projects and community-based model programs were discussed in three symposia: 1) service systems for children at risk in infancy and early childhood; 2) reducing asthma morbidity among inner city school-age children; and 3) health promotion and risk reduction among adolescents. These symposium topics were examined with an eye toward their applicability to the Wisconsin welfare program, "Wisconsin Works" (W-2), which was seen as a potential welfare reform model for other States.
Availability: NTIS Final Report Accession Number: PB99-154460INM

Principal Investigator: Jennifer Brown, M.S.N.
Institution: Virginia Commonwealth University
Grant No.: R03 HS13859 (Small Research Project)
Period: 7/3/03-12/31/03
Title: A Study of ED Psychiatric Consultation Arrangements
Summary: This study explores one type of PES, emergency department psychiatric consultation. The purpose is to examine the degree to which environmental, economic, and quality-related factors determine an emergency department's psychiatric consultation arrangement and how this decision influences service effectiveness. It seeks to answer two questions: 1) What factors lead hospitals to create an in-house psychiatric consultation service, to purchase the services from an outsider, or to not provide the service at all? and 2) Does variation in the consultation arrangement have a significant impact on service outcomes? Transaction cost economics is employed to identify and explain the factors that may influence a hospital's choice of psychiatric consultation arrangement. The general hypotheses are: 1) that arrangement decisions are based on the internal and external environmental characteristics of the transactions; and 2) that the type of consultation arrangement has an impact on service effectiveness.

Principle Investigator: Maureen Buckley, Ph.D., R.N.
Institution: Northeast Health Foundation
Grant No.: P20 HS15170 (Research Project)
Period: 9/30/04-9/29/05
Title: Midcoast Maine Patients Safety and IT Integration
Summary: The Midcoast Maine Patient Safety and IT Integration Initiative will develop new systems in a number of critical areas of operation for the partner organizations and will institute a high level of integration and cooperation among the partner organizations in four significant areas. These areas are medication management, patient discharge, high-level integration of information among the partner organizations, and the development of a new paradigm for evaluating, selecting, and implementing new technologies. Specifically, the THQIT planning will lead to a reduction in the acute care readmission rate; a decrease in the length of stay; a reduction in adverse events and medication errors; an increased implementation of evidence based practice; increased patient medication compliance; and monitoring the continuum of care. The research design will be implemented through the direction of Maureen Buckley, Ph.D., R.N. in partnership with a series of consultants. The design includes a strategic review of the organizations' direction; assessment of the current environment; process mapping of clinical and information pathways; a technology readiness assessment; organizational development and change analysis; development of a technology implementation plan; an organizational change design plan; design of an institutional planning, prioritization, and evaluation process; and the THQIT planning evaluation.

Principal Investigator: Peter I. Buerhaus, Ph.D., R.N.
Institution: Harvard University
Grant No: R01 HS09958 (Research Project)
Period: 7/1/99-6/30/01
Title: Nurse Staffing and Quality of Care
Summary: The objective of this study is to assess changes in hospital nurse staffing, and analyze the relationship between hospital staffing and the quality of patient care over time. This study will: 1) describe changes in hospital nurse staffing over time; 2) compile a set of adverse nursing-sensitive events and patient outcomes, and describe changes in the rates at which these outcomes and events occur over time; 3) determine whether there is a relationship between the rates of adverse nursing-sensitive events and the level and mix of nursing and non-nursing personnel in hospitals; and 4) determine whether changes in nursing levels and mix are associated with increased market pressures on hospitals or changes in managed care. In order to accomplish these goals, we will develop a method for adjusting nursing staff levels to account for changes in case complexity and declining LOS.

Principal Investigator: Lora E. Burke, M.N.
Institution: University of Pittsburgh
Grant No: R03 HS08891 (Dissertation)
Period: 8/1/95-7/31/97
Title: Improving Adherence with a Cholesterol Lowering Diet
Summary: The broad long-term objective of this research program was to develop and evaluate strategies designed to promote adherence with diets aimed at cardiovascular health promotion. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate, in a randomized, controlled trial, the effects of a behavioral intervention designed to enhance self-efficacy regarding adherence with a prescribed cholesterol-lowering diet. Self-efficacy is the perception of one's ability to mobilize motivation and actions to meet specific demands, in this case to adhere to a diet; therapeutic efficacy is the perception of whether the action will lead to the desired outcome. It was hypothesized that subjects receiving the self-efficacy enhancing intervention will, compared with usual care, achieve greater adherence to diet therapy, report a higher level of self-efficacy regarding dietary management, and achieve a greater reduction in LDL-C. Secondary aims included determining whether any trends for gender differences exist in the primary outcome measures: dietary adherence, self-efficacy, therapeutic efficacy, and LDL-C.

Principal Investigator: Caroline Burnett, Sc.D., R.N.
Institution: Georgetown University Medical Center
Grant No: R03 HS07406 (Small Research Project)
Period: 9/30/92-9/29/94
Title: Low-Income Minority Women: Barriers to Cancer Screening
Summary: This study identified barriers related to access and use of breast and cervical cancer screening services as perceived by the low income, uninsured, minority women (underserved) of the District of Columbia. For example, these barriers include, but were not limited to, beliefs and attitudes toward cancer, factors that influence decision making, and factors that may influence future use of screening services. A sample of 500 women were drawn from individuals who are participating in the District of Columbia Cancer Consortium's breast and cervical cancer screening demonstration program. Subjects completed a questionnaire designed to elicit information concerning their beliefs and behaviors toward their own participation in breast and cervical cancer screening services; answer questions relative to decisions concerning participating in this particular screening opportunity; and, identify factors that might facilitate or impede their participation in the future. Determination of associations, if any, between the model of care delivery employed and women's reported intentions to participate in future screening projects were assessed.

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Current as of March 2005
Internet Citation: Funded Grants Submitted by Nurses: 1980 - 2005. March 2005. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/clinicians-providers/resources/nursing/funding/grants/index.html