Review of Reforms to Our Medical Liability System

The National Advisory Council for Healthcare Research and Quality provides advice and recommendations to AHRQ's director and to the Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) on priorities for a national health services research agenda.

References

1. Mello, M.M. 2006. Medical Malpractice: Impact of the Crisis and Effect of State Tort Reforms. Research Synthesis Report No. 10. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

2. Studdert DM, Mello MM, Brennan TA. Medical malpractice. New Engl J Med 2004;350:283-92.

3. Rubin, Paul, and Joanna Shepherd. "Tort reform and accidental deaths," Journal of Law and Economics, v. 50, No. 2, May, 2007, 221-238.

4. Brennan TA, Leape LL, Laird NM, et al. Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients: results from the Harvard Medical Practice Study I. New Engl J Med, 1991;324:370-6.

5. Donald J. Palmisano, "Heath care in crisis: The need for medical liability reform" Yale J Health Policy Law & Ethics vol. 5, issue 1, pp. 371-375, (Winter 2005).

6. Geier, Peter. 2006. Emerging Med-Mal Strategy: 'I'm sorry' - early apology concept spreads. The National Law Journal, July 24. http://www.law.com/jsp/article.jsp?id=1153472732197.

7. Geckeler, Grant Wood, "The Clinton-Obama approach to medical malpractice reform: Reviving the most meaningful features of Alternative Dispute Resolution" 8 Pepp. Disp. Resol. L.J. 171, 2007.

8. Clinton HR, Obama B. "Making patient safety the centerpiece of medical liability reform" N Engl J Med. 2006 May 25;354(21):2205-8.

9. Gallagher, T.H., D. Studdert, and W. Levinson. 2007. Disclosing harmful medical errors to patients. N Engl J Med. 356:2713-2719.

10. Cameron, Joy, National Governor's Association Center for Best Practices, Issue Brief: Containing Medical Malpractice Costs: Recent State Actions, Washington D.C., June 1, 2005.

11. 40 Pa Cons Stat Ann. §1303.308(b) (West 2004).

12. Rosenthal, Jill, Trish Riley, and Maureen Booth. State Reporting of Medical Errors and Adverse Events: Results of a 50-State Survey. April, 2000. National Academy for State Health Policy: Washington, DC.

13. See generally Janice G. Inman, Certificate of Merit Laws: Not All Courts Are Sympathetic, 27 NO. 3 MED. MALPRACTICE L. & STRATEGY 7 (Dec. 2009); CATHERINE T. STRUVE, PEW PROJECT ON MEDICAL LIABILITY, Expertise in Medical Malpractice Litigation: Special Courts, Screening Panels, and Other Options, 48-55(2003).

14. Amy Lynn Sorrel "New Jersey Court Upholds Certificate-of-Merit Rule" American Medical News, American Medical Association: Chicago, Feb 5, 2009.

15.STRUVE, supra, at 51.

16. 735 ILL. COMP. STAT. ANN. 5/2-622(A)(1).

17. FLA. STAT. ANN. § 766.203(2).

18. FLA. STAT. ANN § 766.203(3).

19. Mello, M.M. 2006. Medical Malpractice: Impact of the Crisis and Effect of State Tort Reforms. Research Synthesis Report No. 10. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

20. "State Enactments of Selected Health Care Liability Reforms" Physician Insurers Association of America, Rockville, Maryland, August 31, 2008.

21. National Conference of State Legislatures Committee on Law & Criminal Justice, State Medical Malpractice Tort Laws: Updated November 2004, Washington, DC, January 13, 2005.

22. "State enactments of selected health care liability reforms" Physician Insurers Association of America, Rockville, Maryland, August 31, 2008.

23. ME. REV. STAT. ANN. tit. 24, §§ 2851 & 2853.

24. Hill v. Kwan, 962 A.2d 963, 967 (Me. 2009).

25. Amy Lynn Sorrel, "Litigation screening panels on trial: Are they working?" American Medical News (amednews.com), American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois, Posted August 3, 2009.

26. United States General Accounting Office. Report to Congressional Committees. Medical Malpractice: Alternatives to Litigation. January, 1992. GAO/HRD-92-28.

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28. Jonathan R. Cohen "Apology and organizations: exploring an example from medical practice" Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 27, June 2000, pp. 1447-1482.

29. Boothman RC, Blackwell AC, Campbell DA, et al. A better approach to medical malpractice claims? The University of Michigan experience. J Health Life Sci Law, 2009:2(2):125-139.

30. Clinton HR, Obama B. Making patient safety the centerpiece of medical liability reform. N Engl J Med. 2006 May 25;354(21):2205-8.

31. Rubel-Seider, Rebecca "Full disclosure: an alternative to litigation" Santa Clara Law Review, vol. 48, No. 2, 2008 pp. 441-472.

32. University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago Annual Report, University Office of Risk Management: Liability and Property Insurance Programs for Year Ended June 30, 2009.

33. Intrilligator, Michael D. and Kehner, Barbara H. "An Econometric Model of Medical Malpractice" The Economics of Medical Malpractice, Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1978.

34. Baicker, K., et al. "Malpractice liability costs and the practice of medicine in the Medicare program" Health Affairs 26 (3), 2007, pp.841-852.

35. Baldwin, L.M., et al., "Defensive medicine and obstetrics" Journal of the American Medical Association 274 (20), 1995, pp. 1606-1610.

36. Dubay, L., Kaestne R, Waidmann T. Medical malpractice liability and its effect on prenatal care utilization and infant health. J Health Econ 2001;20(4):591-611.

37. Localio, A.R., et al., 1993. Relationship between malpractice claims and cesarean delivery. JAMA 269 (3), 1993, pp.366-373.

38. Congressional Budget Office, letter to the Honorable Bruce L. Bradley regarding effects of proposals to limit costs related to medical malpractice (December 29, 2009). See also Congressional Budget Office, letter to the Honorable John D. Rockefeller IV regarding effects of proposals to limit costs related to medical malpractice (December, 2009). See also Congressional Budget Office, letter to the Honorable Orin G. Hatch regarding effects of proposals to limit costs related to medical malpractice (October 9, 2009).

39. Zuckerman S, Bovbjerg RR, Sloan F. Effects of tort reforms and other factors on medical malpractice insurance premiums. Inquiry, 1990;27(2):167-182.

40. Sloan FA, Mergenhagen PM, Bovbjerg RR. "Effects of Tort Reform on the Value of Closed Medical Malpractice Insurance Claims: A Microanalysis." Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law. 1989; 14:663-89.

41. Danzon, P.M. "The frequency and severity of medical malpractice claims." Journal of Law and Economics. 1984;27:115-48.

42. Danzon, P.M. "The frequency and severity of medical malpractice claims: new evidence." Law and Contemporary Problems. 1986;49(2):57-84.

43. Zuckerman S, Bovbjerg RR, Sloan F. Effects of tort reforms and other factors on medical malpractice insurance premiums. Inquiry, 1990;27(2):167-182.

44. Ronen Avraham, Leemore S. Dafny, and Max M. Schanzenbach, "The Impact of Tort Reform on Employer-Sponsored Health Insurance Premiums", Working Paper No. w15371 (Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, September 2009.

45. Kessler, David and McClellan, Mark "Do Doctors Practice Defensive Medicine?" The Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 111, Issue 2, May 1996, pp. 353-390.

46. Congressional Budget Office. Medical Malpractice Tort Limits and Health Care Spending. Washington, D.C.: Congressional Budget Office. April 2006.

47. Amy Lynn Sorrel, "Litigation Screening Panels on Trial: Are they Working?" American Medical News (amednews.com), American Medical Association, Chicago, Illinois, Posted August 3, 2009.

48. Vermont Medical Society, "Resolution in Support of Establishing Pre-Trial Screening Panels for Medical Liability Claims" Montpelier, Vermont, Resolution adopted October 15, 2005.

49. Committee on Quality of Health Care in America, To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System, Linda T. Kohn, Janet M. Corrigan, and Molla S. Donaldson, Editors, Washington DC: Institute of Medicine, National Academy Press, 2000.

50. Boothman, R., et al "A Better Approach to Medical Malpractice Claims? The University of Michigan Experience." Journal of Health and Life Sciences Law 2(2), January 2009, pp. 125-159.

51. Experienced medical professionals are enlisted as risk management consultants throughout UMHS to evaluate incoming medical error claims, understand how care is provided in specific practices, and counsel department leaders. Medical malpractice cases have been reportedly used as case studies during grand rounds to help providers in that system learn from previous mistakes.

52. Congressional Budget Office, letter to the Honorable Bruce L. Bradley regarding effects of proposals to limit costs related to medical malpractice (December 29, 2009). See also Congressional Budget Office, letter to the Honorable John D. Rockefeller IV regarding effects of proposals to limit costs related to medical malpractice (December, 2009). See also Congressional Budget Office, letter to the Honorable Orin G. Hatch regarding effects of proposals to limit costs related to medical malpractice (October 9, 2009).

53. Baicker, K., et al. "Malpractice liability costs and the practice of medicine in the Medicare program" Health Affairs 26 (3), 2007, pp.841-852.

54. Currie, J., MacLeod, W.B., 2008. First do no harm? Tort reform and birth outcomes. Quarterly Journal of Economics 123(2), 795-830.

55. Sloan FA, Shadle J. Is there empirical evidence for “Defensive Medicine?” A reassessment. J Health Econ 2009;28(2):481-91.

56. Darius N. Lakdawalla and Seth A. Seabury, The Welfare Effects of Medical Malpractice Liability, Working Paper No. w15383 (Cambridge, Mass.: National Bureau of Economic Research, September 2009).

57. 2006 Report of the National Practitioner Data Bank. http://www.npdb-hipdb.hrsa.gov/annualrpt.html (citing that 11% of physicians with at least one malpractice payment were responsible for half of all malpractice dollars paid between 1990 and 2006. One percent of physicians with the largest total payments were responsible for about 12 percent of all the money paid for physicians in malpractice judgments).

58. Studdert DM, Yang YT, Mello MM. Are damages caps regressive? A study of malpractice jury verdicts in California. Health Aff 2004;23(4):54-67.

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Current as of January 2010


Internet Citation:

Review of Reforms to Our Medical Liability System. December 2009. Agency for Health Care Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/liability/reforms.htm


 

Current as of March 2010
Internet Citation: Review of Reforms to Our Medical Liability System. March 2010. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/patient-safety-resources/resources/liability/reforms2.html