Table 4.3. Asthma Hospitalizations By Race/ethnicity and Community Income, United States, 2001

Asthma Care Quality Improvement: A Resource Guide for State Action

Race/ethnicity and income1Pediatric admissions per 100,000 population less than 18 yearsAdult admissions per 100,000 population age 18 and overAdult admissions per 100,000 population age 65 and over
EstimateStandard errorP-valueEstimateStandard errorP-valueEstimateStandard errorP-value
All Income
Total197.21313.937 113.2213.384 164.4075.254 
White non-Hispanic138.5318.417 86.7942.234 134.4214.770 
Black non-Hispanic450.50052.9940.000289.49222.2080.000350.68030.0960.000
Hispanic187.54923.6400.051131.08414.2940.002269.78031.6010.000
Asian or Pacific Islander82.07011.0780.00081.16811.3270.626265.63341.5650.002
Other479.71254.0780.000287.16329.0210.000570.59761.0840.000
Less than $25,000
Total320.78061.432 247.24734.825 259.80832.743 
White non-Hispanic168.28818.127 140.99111.653 155.49618.086 
Black non-Hispanic491.38296.6590.001471.88286.9340.000471.28390.2160.001
Hispanic295.895115.8340.276213.12470.7490.314360.82994.1300.032
Asian or Pacific Islander32.19414.5490.00070.70426.8210.016169.51791.2630.88
Other222.32954.7950.349240.67962.7870.119369.948114.9720.065
$25,000-$34,999
Total263.16421.849 149.1126.753 194.0389.592 
White non-Hispanic180.06911.659 115.8574.911 161.6359.042 
Black non-Hispanic535.16672.0110.000318.59328.6120.000350.47635.1870.000
Hispanic222.13433.9030.241156.16023.1010.088336.24560.6250.004
Asian or Pacific Islander72.05512.1970.00065.86912.9520.000206.57250.2180.378
Other353.31958.7110.004219.00830.5100.001428.83681.4110.001
$35,000-$44,999
Total190.58515.653 110.4634.773 155.9477.552 
White non-Hispanic138.86610.679 87.8233.895 128.3156.663 
Black non-Hispanic433.13261.3700.000263.37623.8110.000331.17036.2430.000
Hispanic157.77021.5460.432116.24014.5370.059253.62834.5920.000
Asian or Pacific Islander59.07011.8690.00081.66618.6310.746290.33065.5650.014
Other529.75971.2660.000298.92650.5890.000693.164134.3040.000
$45,000 or more
Total152.43313.900 85.6723.920 158.8918.595 
White non-Hispanic120.98210.700 72.6093.354 136.5137.994 
Black non-Hispanic359.44345.1730.000208.30820.5110.000330.66643.1730.000
Hispanic158.91425.6430.172107.00311.6030.004248.07431.3430.001
Asian or Pacific Islander92.10515.2340.12184.92214.8220.418321.22963.1610.004
Other818.261128.1850.000370.70740.7860.000869.244119.0590.000

 

1 Median household income is based on ZIP Code data obtained from Claritas linked to patient ZIP Code in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) database.

P values to test race category compared to White category.

Denominators were obtained from ZIP-Code-level population counts by age, gender, race, and ethnicity based on U.S. censuses for 2000 and 1990 and Claritas methods to deal with race/ethnicity coding changes between those years.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2001. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 22 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

Current as of September 2009
Internet Citation: Table 4.3. Asthma Hospitalizations By Race/ethnicity and Community Income, United States, 2001: Asthma Care Quality Improvement: A Resource Guide for State Action. September 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/quality-resources/tools/asthmaqual/asthmacare/table4-3.html