Asthma Care Quality Improvement

Table 4.3. Asthma Hospitalizations By Race/ethnicity and Community Income, United States, 2001

Race/ethnicity and income1 Pediatric admissions per 100,000 population less than 18 years Adult admissions per 100,000 population age 18 and over Adult admissions per 100,000 population age 65 and over
Estimate Standard error P-value Estimate Standard error P-value Estimate Standard error P-value
All Income
Total 197.213 13.937   113.221 3.384   164.407 5.254  
White non-Hispanic 138.531 8.417   86.794 2.234   134.421 4.770  
Black non-Hispanic 450.500 52.994 0.000 289.492 22.208 0.000 350.680 30.096 0.000
Hispanic 187.549 23.640 0.051 131.084 14.294 0.002 269.780 31.601 0.000
Asian or Pacific Islander 82.070 11.078 0.000 81.168 11.327 0.626 265.633 41.565 0.002
Other 479.712 54.078 0.000 287.163 29.021 0.000 570.597 61.084 0.000
Less than $25,000
Total 320.780 61.432   247.247 34.825   259.808 32.743  
White non-Hispanic 168.288 18.127   140.991 11.653   155.496 18.086  
Black non-Hispanic 491.382 96.659 0.001 471.882 86.934 0.000 471.283 90.216 0.001
Hispanic 295.895 115.834 0.276 213.124 70.749 0.314 360.829 94.130 0.032
Asian or Pacific Islander 32.194 14.549 0.000 70.704 26.821 0.016 169.517 91.263 0.88
Other 222.329 54.795 0.349 240.679 62.787 0.119 369.948 114.972 0.065
$25,000-$34,999
Total 263.164 21.849   149.112 6.753   194.038 9.592  
White non-Hispanic 180.069 11.659   115.857 4.911   161.635 9.042  
Black non-Hispanic 535.166 72.011 0.000 318.593 28.612 0.000 350.476 35.187 0.000
Hispanic 222.134 33.903 0.241 156.160 23.101 0.088 336.245 60.625 0.004
Asian or Pacific Islander 72.055 12.197 0.000 65.869 12.952 0.000 206.572 50.218 0.378
Other 353.319 58.711 0.004 219.008 30.510 0.001 428.836 81.411 0.001
$35,000-$44,999
Total 190.585 15.653   110.463 4.773   155.947 7.552  
White non-Hispanic 138.866 10.679   87.823 3.895   128.315 6.663  
Black non-Hispanic 433.132 61.370 0.000 263.376 23.811 0.000 331.170 36.243 0.000
Hispanic 157.770 21.546 0.432 116.240 14.537 0.059 253.628 34.592 0.000
Asian or Pacific Islander 59.070 11.869 0.000 81.666 18.631 0.746 290.330 65.565 0.014
Other 529.759 71.266 0.000 298.926 50.589 0.000 693.164 134.304 0.000
$45,000 or more
Total 152.433 13.900   85.672 3.920   158.891 8.595  
White non-Hispanic 120.982 10.700   72.609 3.354   136.513 7.994  
Black non-Hispanic 359.443 45.173 0.000 208.308 20.511 0.000 330.666 43.173 0.000
Hispanic 158.914 25.643 0.172 107.003 11.603 0.004 248.074 31.343 0.001
Asian or Pacific Islander 92.105 15.234 0.121 84.922 14.822 0.418 321.229 63.161 0.004
Other 818.261 128.185 0.000 370.707 40.786 0.000 869.244 119.059 0.000

 

1 Median household income is based on ZIP Code data obtained from Claritas linked to patient ZIP Code in the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) database.

P values to test race category compared to White category.

Denominators were obtained from ZIP-Code-level population counts by age, gender, race, and ethnicity based on U.S. censuses for 2000 and 1990 and Claritas methods to deal with race/ethnicity coding changes between those years.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2001. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 22 States: AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MD, MA, MI, MO, NJ, NY, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, and WI.

Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: Table 4.3. Asthma Hospitalizations By Race/ethnicity and Community Income, United States, 2001. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/quality-patient-safety/quality-resources/tools/asthmaqual/asthmacare/table4-3.html