Table 5. Characteristics of Elderly Long-term Care (LTC) Users, 1984 and 1994

The Characteristics of Long-term Care Users

1

Characteristics19841994
Persons Aged 65 and Older (thousands)27,96833,127
Number of Users (thousands)5,5045,537
Percent of All Elderly19.716.7
Mean Age (years)79.280.5
 Percent Distribution by Characteristic
Gender
Female
Male
67.3
32.7
70.7
29.3
Race
White
Black
Other
87.1
11.4
1.4
87.0
11.7
1.3
Marital Status
Married
Widowed
Never married
Separated/divorced
34.9
52.7
7.8
4.7
34.1
53.6
5.9
6.4
Level of IADL/ADL Disability
IADLs Only
1-2 ADLs
3-6 ADLs
39.2
25.4
35.4
29.8
27.3
42.9
Cognitively Impaired233.740.1
Functional Limitations3,4
Upper body only
Lower body only
Upper and lower body
Neither
0.8
33.1
60.8
4.8
0.7
32.1
60.8
5.0
Difficulty Seeing330.429.5
Difficulty Hearing and Understanding310.912.3
Difficulty with Communication34.75.3
Service Use
Informal care only
Both informal and formal care
Formal care only
Institutional care
51.2
19.3
3.8
25.6
40.1
25.7
4.6
29.6

Source: 1984 and 1994 National Long-term Care Surveys. 

Note: Some percentages may not add to 100 because of missing values. For dichotomous variables except gender, excluded category not shown. Except where shown, missing values do not exceed 2% of the relevant sample. 

1 Receipt of long-term care is defined as receiving human assistance or standby help with at least one of six ADLs and eight IADLs. The ADLs included are eating, transfer, toileting, getting around inside, dressing, and bathing. The IADLs are meal preparation, grocery shopping, light housework, laundry, financial management, taking medication, telephoning, and getting around outside. 

2 Community dwelling elderly persons were classified as cognitively impaired if they (i) had Alzheimer's disease, mental retardation, or senility; or (ii) had a diagnosed ADL or IADL-linked mental condition or disorder based on ICD9-CM codes; or (iii) answered incorrectly to four or more questions in the Mini Mental Status Questionnaire (when applied). Institutionalized elderly persons were classified as cognitively impaired if condition (iii) above applied.

3 Available only for community disabled persons.

4 Lower body limitations included are difficulties with walking to the end of a room and back, climbing a flight of stairs, bending, and lifting a 10-pound package. Upper body limitations included are difficulty reaching above head, combing or brushing hair, and using fingers to grasp small objects.

Current as of January 2001
Internet Citation: Table 5. Characteristics of Elderly Long-term Care (LTC) Users, 1984 and 1994: The Characteristics of Long-term Care Users. January 2001. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/professionals/systems/long-term-care/resources/facilities/ltcusers/tab5use.html