Health Care Delivery
Research can help physicians and other health care professionals guide patient decision making for care at the end of life. Findings resulting from research funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) are discussed. This research can help providers offer end-of-life care based on preferences held by the majority of patients under similar circumstances.
Research shows how elderly patients with osteoarthritis can become more active and responsible for their own care, make more informed decisions, help to control the costs of health care, and improve their quality of life.
Research sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality led to development of a patient self-management program that can help prevent or delay disability even in patients with arthritis, heart disease, or hypertension. Patients are taught how to better manage their symptoms, adhere to medication regimens, and maintain functional ability. AHRQ-funded research shows that health education and lifestyle changes can reduce the negative consequences of chronic disease.
Routine Preoperative Testing Before Cataract Surgery: Clinical Highlights
The Assisted Living Disclosure Collaborative aims to help assisted living consumers differentiate between individual facilities on several domains, including services available; pricing information; admission and discharge criteria; staffing information; and resident rights, house rules, and life safety. Workgroups are collaborating to develop uniform consensus information (data items and definitions) that can be used to describe the services and characteristics of individual assisted living residences.
It is estimated that by the year 2020, 16 percent of the U.S. population will be age 65 or older. With the aging of America comes a greater need for information on how people can live healthier lives. Biomedical and clinical research has made great progress in identifying ways to prevent and treat common conditions associated with aging, thereby improving the health of those who suffer with age-associated chronic illness.