AHRQ New Grants in Children’s Health

Fiscal Year 2013
This chart summarizes information on research, training, and conference grants funded by AHRQ in fiscal year 2013 that focus in whole or in part on children's health issues.
Principal Investigator Awardee Award Type Dollar Amount Project Title Purpose
Research Projects
Aalsma, Matthew Indiana University R01 $1.5M Improving adolescent health outcomes through preventive care transformation To implement an adolescent-based module of a computer decision support system in primary care and evaluate its effectiveness in diagnosis and treatment of common and difficult to diagnose and treat adolescent health issues
Cummins, Mollie Rebecca University of Utah R01 $250K/year
for 5 years
Electronic Exchange of Poisoning Information To develop, implement and evaluate a replicable, scalable infrastructure (processes and informatics tools) for HIE-supported ED-PCC collaboration 
Margolis, Peter A Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center R01 $737K Enhancing the sustainability of a Pediatric Learning Health System (LHS) To fully deploy the tools and procedures for transferring EHR data from care centers to the registry, incorporate new sources of clinical data, and better engage all LHS stakeholders
Ralston, James D* Group Health Cooperative R01 $1.5M
over 3 years
Patient reminders and notifications To clarify core design elements through building and testing a prototype of a patient-controlled health reminder and notification system and establish feasibility of integration with the patient-centered medical home
Kempe, Allison* University of Colorado-Denver R18 $2.4M ACO/Public Health Collaborative Preventive Care Delivery to Priority Populations To decrease vaccine-preventable diseases among children, adolescents, and adults by increasing implementation of the ACIP recommendations; and to create a collaborative framework between regional care collaborative organizations (RCCO) in Colorado that care for patients covered by Medicaid and the Colorado State Health Department Immunization Information System for the delivery of preventive care services
Fiks, Alexander Gabriel CHOP R18 $488k Pediatric patient engagement as a criterion for meaningful use, stage 3 Drawing from implementation science,  evaluate the determinants of implementation success, implementation outcomes, and health care outcomes resulting from implementing an asthma patient portal in a national, AHRQ-funded, Center for Pediatric Practice-based Research and Learning
Lee, Grace M Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Inc. R18 $487K +
$500K +
Defining and preventing ventilator-associated complications in pediatrics To facilitate the development and evaluation of a new quality measure for children called ventilator-associated complications (VAC)
Moyer, Virginia American Board of Pediatrics, Inc. R18 $98K +
$100K +
Improving child health by disseminating patient centered outcomes research To develop a program in collaboration with Cincinnati Children's to effectively disseminate patient-centered outcomes research that will improve care and outcomes for children with chronic illness, with an initial focus on optimizing the delivery and outcomes of medication use
Nishisaki, Akira CHOP R18 $500K
over 2 years
Improving the safety and quality of tracheal intubation in pediatric ICUs To rigorously evaluate the clinical impact of a collaboratively developed NEAR4KIDS Tracheal Intubation (TI) safe practice bundled intervention across a diverse spectrum (large and small, academic and private) of pediatric ICUs
Santelli, John S Society for Adolescent Health/Medicine R18 $300K
over 3 years
Youth Providers 2.0 To improve the use of evidence-based practices among health care providers caring for adolescents and young adults, using new media technologies
Stockwell, Melissa S Columbia University R18 $146K DEVISE: Data Exchange of Vaccine Information between an IIS and EHR To evaluate the impact of implementing the proposed meaningful use Stage 3 objectives related to the exchange of immunization information from an immunization information system (IIS) to an EHR system
Feinberg, Emily Boston Medical Center R03 $100K Reducing disparities in timely autism diagnosis through family navigation To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a novel application of patient navigation to support families of low-income and minority children, age 15 months to 3 years, who have positive behavioral screens indicating a need for an autism diagnostic assessment
Fieldston, Evan Scott CHOP R03 $100K Workload, workforce, and quality of care in pediatric hospitals To examine associations between dynamic aspects of workload, workforce, and quality of care in children's hospitals and seek to address methodological problems of measuring use of hospitals, particularly in a general pediatric care setting
Stablein, Timothy Dartmouth College R03 $100K Privacy in practice:  The role of EHRs in pediatrician interactions with patients To evaluate the role of health IT to support patient-centered care and discuss the implications of findings for the growing use of EHRs and their potential for facilitating information sharing in health care
Research Training
Bush, Ruth Ann Children's Hospital Research Center, San Diego K99 (PCOR) $138K +
Adapting electronic medical records to measure medical outcomes in ASD populations To provide the applicant with the advanced training and skills necessary to develop an independent program of research focusing on improving the medical treatment of children with autism spectrum disorders by using CER
Bender, Anna Washington University-St Louis R36 $41K Rural primary health care providers' response to intimate partner violence and survivors Employ a convergent parallel research design merging data from two sources:  a survey measuring rural health care providers' knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding IPV and conducting qualitative interviews with survivors of IPV regarding their experiences with rural health care providers
McLeod, Lisa M University of Colorado Denver K99 (PCOR) $149K +
Organizational interventions for SSI prevention in pediatric spinal surgery To use quantitative and qualitative methods to explore hospital-specific organizational factors that distinguish high versus low performance in preventing SSI in children hospitalized with complex medical and surgical conditions
Knox, Caitlin A University of Florida R36 $42K Pre-existing diabetes and pregnancy To examine annual trends in use and  safety of exposure to three classes of oral anti-diabetes agents in the first trimester, in terms of c-section deliveries, other maternal morbidities, and preterm birth
Pintor, Jessie University of Minnesota R36 $43K Parental documentation status, State policy, and coverage among Latino children To isolate the direct effect of parental status over and above the indirect effect of differences in coverage attributable to a child's own status; examine the effects of parental documentation status at the State level; and explore parents' experiences navigating children's coverage and care to identify underlying mechanisms in these relationships 
Rust, George S Morehouse School of Medicine K18 $544K
over 2 years
Mid-career transition—Mapping paths to success in achieving community-level health equity To support the investigator's transition from executive leadership to intellectual leadership in the field of health equity research
Conference Grants
Alessandrini, Evaline Academy for Healthcare Improvement R13 $50K Doing Research at the Front Line of Improving Healthcare To engage and educate the workforce necessary to advance quality improvement research
Carroll, Aaron E. Indiana University R13 $46K +
$46K +
Annual Symposium for Pediatric Health Services Research To focus on research development, research training, and infrastructure and career development, with emphasis on a different AHRQ interest area each year (e.g., quality, cost, use, access)
Esteban-Cruviani, Nora Albert Einstein College of Medicine R13 $35K Emerging Safety and Quality Issues in the Care of Hospitalized Children To supplement and enhance the training of junior pediatric hospitalists and allied health professionals by providing educational sessions in the five IOM core proficiency areas, among other goals
Kotelchuck, Milton Day Before Birth, Inc. R13 $44K Time for ACTion:  Comprehensive recommendations for antenatal corticosteroid treatment To support a conference focused on improving the health and life course of premature infants by stimulating new research, practice, and policy to increase appropriate use of antenatal corticosteroid treatment (ACT) and by developing comprehensive treatment recommendations for the next decade 
Mangione-Smith, Rita Academic Pediatric Association R13 $38K Pediatric Quality Improvement Methods, Research and Evaluation Conference To support the 3rd annual APA Conference on pediatric quality improvement methods
Smith, Jennifer Susan University of North Carolina Chapel Hill R13 $35K Issues in Implementation of Adolescent Vaccination in Schools To achieve a greater understanding of trends and disparities in HPV-associated cancers and adolescent vaccination coverage, as well as issues related to the design and implementation of programs to deliver adolescent vaccinations in schools

* Includes populations other than children.

Legend: ACIP = Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices; ACT = antenatal corticosteroid treatment; AHRQ = Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; APA = Academic Pediatric Association; ASD = autism spectrum disorder; CER = comparative effectiveness research; CHOP = Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; ED = emergency department; EHR = electronic health record; HIE = health information exchange; ICU = intensive care unit; IIS = immunization information system; IOM = Institute of Medicine; IPV = intimate partner violence; IT = information technology; LHS = learning health system; PCC = primary care clinician; PCOR = patient centered outcomes research; RCCO = regional care collaborative organization; SSI = surgical site infection; TI = tracheal intubation; VAC = ventilator-associated complications.

Page last reviewed December 2013
Internet Citation: AHRQ New Grants in Children’s Health. December 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/children/new-starts/2013.html