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Hospital Nurse Staffing and Quality of Care

Table 2. Percent Reduction in Rates of Outcomes Among Surgical Patient

Table 2. Percent Reduction in Rates of Outcomes Among Surgical Patients in Hospitals with High Nurse Staffing (75th Percentile) Compared to the Rates in Hospitals with Low Nurse Staffing (25th Percentile)

Outcome in surgical patientsAmount by which rates are lower for:
High RN staffingHigh staffing, all levels (RNs, LPNs, aides)
Urinary tract infection5-6%3-14%
Failure to rescue4-6%2-12%
Hospital-acquired pneumonia11%19%

Note: Difference is expressed as a range of values (e.g., 2-12 percent) because several statistical models were used in evaluating the relationship between nurse staffing levels and each adverse event.

Source: Needleman J, Buerhaus P, Mattke S, et al. Nurse-staffing levels and patient outcomes in hospitals. Final report for Health Resources and Services Administration. Contract No. 230-99-0021. 2001. Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA.

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Current as of March 2004
Internet Citation: Hospital Nurse Staffing and Quality of Care: Table 2. Percent Reduction in Rates of Outcomes Among Surgical Patient. March 2004. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/factsheets/services/nursestaffing/nstab2.html