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Figure 7. Three types of evaluations assessing the results of implementing PSPs

Assessing the Evidence for Context-Sensitive Effectiveness and Safety

1. Effectiveness Questions

  • Is the study PSP more effective than usual care?
  • Is the study PSP more effective in reducing patient harm than an alternate approach?

2. Implementation Experience Questions

  • What changes occur in the clinical or economic performance of the study organization/organizational unit during/after implementation of the study PSP?
  • What changes occur in staff/clinician culture/attitudes during/after implementation?

3. Adoption or Spread Questions

  • How easily did the study PSP spread (economy/costs, speed/timeline for implementation, #/proportion of organizations/units adopting)?
  • How well/easily was the study PSP maintained (maintenance costs/resources, duration of implementation)?
  • Were there any unintended changes or incidents during or after implementation?

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Current as of December 2010
Internet Citation: Figure 7. Three types of evaluations assessing the results of implementing PSPs: Assessing the Evidence for Context-Sensitive Effectiveness and Safety . December 2010. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/contextsensitive/contextfig7.html