Appendix F: List of Excluded Studies (continued)

Health Care Efficiency Measures: Identification, Categorization, and Evaluation

Rejected: Abstract Level
Rejected: Topic
Rejected: Focus
Rejected: Exact Duplicate
Rejected: Duplicate Data
Excluded: At Detailed Review

Rejected: Focus

1. Medicaid program and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) payment error rate measurement. Interim final rule with comment period. Fed Regist. 2005 Oct 5; 70(192): 58259-77. Rec #: 1100

2. Sweden. Looking for cost efficiency. Med Device Technol. 2001 Mar; 12(2):33. Rec #: 1230

3. Take your pick. The Economist. 2006 Mar 2. Rec #: 1612

4. Abel, E. and Longworth, J. C. Developing an economic IQ in primary care. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2002 Jan; 14(1):3-10. Rec #: 1204

5. Ahtiala, P. Medical Decision Criteria and Policy for an Efficient Allocation of Resources. International Journal of Health Care Finance and Economics. 2002; 2(1):5-24. Rec #: 1406

6. Aloisio, J. J. Proposed: improve efficiency, reimbursement and LOS through better utilization of inpatient imaging procedures. Radiol Manage. 2002 Mar-2002 Apr 30; 24(2):36-9. Rec #: 1197

7. Balicki, B.; Kelly, W. P., and Miller, H. Establishing benchmarks for ambulatory surgery costs. Healthc Financ Manage. 1995 Sep; 49(9):40-2, 44, 46-8. Rec #: 1364

8. Batchelor, W. B.; Peterson, E. D.; Mark, D. B.; Knight, J. D.; Granger, C. B.; Armstrong, P. W., and Califf, R. M. A comparison of U.S. and Canadian cardiac catheterization practices in detecting severe coronary artery disease after myocardial infarction: efficiency, yield and longterm implications. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Jul; 34(1):12-9. Rec #: 1294

9. Bergenstal, R. M.; Anderson, R. L.; Bina, D. M.; Johnson, M. L.; Davidson, J. L.; Solarz-Johnson,B., and Kendall, D. M. Impact of modem-transferred blood glucose data on clinician work efficiency and patient glycemic control. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2005 Apr; 7(2):241-7. Rec #: 1102

10. Berndt, E. R.; Bir, A.; Busch, S. H.; Frank, R. G., and Normand, S. T. The Medical Treatment of Depression, 1991-1996: Productive Inefficiency, Expected Outcome Variations, and Price Indexes. 2000(7816). Rec #: 1024

11. Birch, S. and Gafni, A. Economics and the evaluation of health care programmes: generalisability of methods and implications for generalisability of results. Health Policy. 2003 May; 64(2):207-19. Rec #: 1156

12. Block, P. C.; Peterson, E. D.; Krone, R.; Kesler, K.; Hannan, E.; O'Connor, G. T., and Detre, K. Identification of variables needed to risk adjust outcomes of coronary interventions: evidence-based guidelines for efficient data collection. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1998 Jul; 32(1):275-82. Rec #: 1317

13. Bloom, J. R.; Alexander, J. A., and Nuchols, B. A. Nurse staffing patterns and hospital efficiency in the United States. Soc Sci Med. 1997 Jan; 44(2):147-55. Rec #: 1346

14. Bradford, W. D. Efficiency in Employment- Based Health Insurance: The Potential for Supramarginal Cost Pricing. Economic Inquiry. 1996;34(2):341-56. Rec #: 1490

15. Bradford, W. D.; Kleit, A. N.; Krousel-Wood, M. A., and Re, R. N. Stochastic frontier estimation of cost models within the hospital. Review of Economics and Statistics. 2001; 83(2):302-9. Rec #: 1617

16. Brailer, D. J. Care-based management of cost. Health Manag Technol. 2001 Nov; 22(11):60, 59. Rec #: 1212

17. Brouwer, W. B. F.; Meerding, W.; Lamers, L. M., and Severens, J. L. The Relationship between Productivity and Health-Related QOL: An Exploration. PharmacoEconomics. 2005; 23(3):209-18. Rec #: 1000

18. Brown, D. M. and Hoover, L. W. Total factor productivity modeling in hospital foodservice operations. J Am Diet Assoc. 1991 Sep; 91(9):1088-92. Rec #: 1165

19. Brukner, H. Only human? The effect of financial productivity incentives on physicians' use of preventive care measures. Am J Med. 2001 Feb 15; 110(3):226-8. Rec #: 1244

20. Capettini, R. A. D. and Corey, R. C. Reimbursement rate setting for Medicaid prescription drugs based on relative efficiencies. Journal of Accounting and Public Policy. 1985; 4:83-110. Rec #: 1562

21. Castello, R.; Bella, J. N.; Rovner, A.; Swan, J.; Smith, J., and Shaw, L. Efficacy and time-efficiency of a "sonographer-driven" contrast echocardiography protocol in a high-volume echocardiography laboratory. Am Heart J. 2003 Mar; 145(3):535-41. Rec #: 1159

22. Chan, L.; Trambert, M.; Kywi, A., and Hartzman, S. PACS in private practice--effect on profits and productivity. J Digit Imaging. 2002; 15 Suppl 1:131-6. Rec #: 1192

23. Chang, P. L.; Huang, S. T.; Wang, T. M.; Hsieh, M. L., and Tsui, K. H. Improvements in the efficiency of care after implementing a clinical-care pathway for transurethral prostatectomy. Br J Urol. 1998 Mar; 81(3):394-7. Rec #: 1325

24. Chetty, V. K. Stochastic technology, production organization and costs. J Health Econ. 1998 Apr; 17(2):187-210. Rec #: 1327

25. Chirikos, T. N. Appraising the economic efficiency of cancer treatment: an exploratory analysis of lung cancer. Health Care Manag Sci. 2003 May; 6(2):87-95. Rec #: 1152

26. Cutler, D. M. and Berndt, E. R. Medical care output and productivity. NBER Studies in Income and Wealth, vol. 62. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press; 2001. xii, 611. Rec #: 1428

27. Cutler, D. M. and Huckman, R. S. Technological Development and Medical Productivity: The Diffusion of Angioplasty in New York State. Journal of Health Economics. 2003; 22(2):187- 217. Rec #: 1048

28. ---. Technological Development and Medical Productivity: The Diffusion of Angioplasty in New York State. 2002(9311). Rec #: 1028

29. Cutler, D. M. and Huckman, R. S. Technological development and medical productivity: the diffusion of angioplasty in New York state. J Health Econ. 2003 Mar; 22(2):187-217. Rec #: 1163

30. Danzon, P. M. and Furukawa, M. F. Health Care: Competition and Productivity. Litan, Robert E.and Rivlin, Alice M. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution Press; Washington D.C.: Internet Policy Institute; 2001; pp. 189-234. Rec #: 1420

31. DeSalvo, K. B.; Bowdish, B. E.; Alper, A. S.; Grossman, D. M., and Merrill, W. W. Physician practice variation in assignment of return interval. Arch Intern Med. 2000 Jan 24; 160(2):205-8. Rec #: 1284

32. do Rosario Giraldes, M. Allocative efficiency in the use of health resources in Portugal. J Public Health Med. 1999 Mar; 21(1):55-9. Rec #: 1298

33. Dor, A. Non-minimum cost functions and the stochastic frontier: on applications to health care providers. J Health Econ. 1994 Oct; 13(3):329-34. Rec #: 1614

34. Durham, C. F.; Alden, K. R.; Dalton, J. A.; Carlson, J.; Miller, D. W.; Englebardt, S. P., and Neelon, V. J. Quality of life and productivity in nurses reporting migraine. Headache. 1998 Jun; 38(6):427-35. Rec #: 1318

35. Fallacaro, M. D. An inefficient mix: a comparative analysis of nurse and physician anesthesia providers across New York State. J N Y State Nurses Assoc. 1998 Jun; 29(2):4-8. Rec #: 1304

36. Farrell, M. J. The measurement of productive efficiency. J. Royal Statistical Society Series A. 1957; 120(3):253-90. Rec #: 1627

37. Fern, K. T.; Smith, J. T.; Zee, B.; Lee, A.; Borschneck, D., and Pichora, D. R. Trauma patients with multiple extremity injuries: resource utilization and long-term outcome in relation to injury severity scores. J Trauma. 1998 Sep; 45(3):489-94. Rec #: 1314

38. Gandjour, A.; Kleinschmit, F.; Littmann, V., and Lauterbach, K. W. An evidence-based evaluation of quality and efficiency indicators. Qual Manag Health Care. 2002 Summer; 10(4):41-52. Rec #: 1140

39. Gemke, R. J.; Bonsel, G. J., and van Vught, A. J. Effectiveness and efficiency of a Dutch pediatric intensive care unit: validity and application of the Pediatric Risk of Mortality score. Crit Care Med. 1994 Sep; 22(9):1477-84. Rec #: 1377

40. Godwin, M.; Seguin, R., and Wilson, R. Queen's University alternative funding plan. Effect on patients, staff, and faculty in the Department of Family Medicine. Can Fam Physician. 2000 Jul; 46:1438-44. Rec #: 1263

41. Guell, R. C. and Fischbaum, M. Toward allocative efficiency in the prescription drug industry. Milbank Q. 1995; 73(2):213-30. Rec #: 1373

42. Harp, S. S. The measurement of performance in a physical therapy clinical program. A ROI approach. Health Care Manag (Frederick). 2004 Apr-2004 Jun 30; 23(2):110-9. Rec #: 1124

43. Harris, K.; Thomas, M.; Short, C., and Moore, R. Assessment of the efficiency of treatment of dyslipidaemia in renal outpatients. J Nephrol. 2002 May-2002 Jun 30; 15(3):263-9. Rec #: 1191

44. Hilsenrath, P.; Levey, S., and O'Neill, L. Management and economic perspectives on efficiency. Best Pract Benchmarking Healthc. 1997 Sep-1997 Oct 31; 2(5):208-13. Rec #: 1329

45. Hollingsworth, B. Data envelopment analysis and productivity analysis: a review of the options. Economic Journal. 1999; 109(456):458-62. Rec #: 1583

46. Ide, P.; Kirby, K. K., and Starck, P. K. Operating room productivity. An evaluation format. J Nurs Adm. 1992 Oct; 22(10):41-8. Rec #: 1394

47. Iregui, M.; Ward, S.; Clinikscale, D.; Clayton, D., and Kollef, M. H. Use of a handheld computer by respiratory care practitioners to improve the efficiency of weaning patients from mechanical ventilation. Crit Care Med. 2002 Sep; 30(9):2038-43. Rec #: 1177

48. Jacob-Tacken, K. H. M.; Koopmanschap, M. A.; Meerding, W. J., and Severens, J. L. Correcting for Compensating Mechanisms Related to Productivity Costs in Economic Evaluations of Health Care Programmes. Health Economics. 2005; 14(5):435-43. Rec #: 1093

49. Jones, B. N. 3rd and Ruskin, P. E. Telemedicine and geriatric psychiatry: directions for future research and policy. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol. 2001 Summer; 14(2):59-62. Rec #: 1227

50. Kaplan, L. J.; Santora, T. A.; Blank-Reid, C. A., and Trooskin, S. Z. Improved emergency department efficiency with a three-tier trauma triage system. Injury. 1997 Sep; 28(7):449-53. Rec #: 1326

51. Kim, S. C.; Matlaga, B. R.; Kuo, R. L.; Watkins, S. L.; Kennett, K. M.; Gilling, P. J., and Lingeman, J. E. Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate: a comparison of efficiency measures at two institutions. J Endourol. 2005 Jun; 19(5):555-8. Rec #: 1098

52. Klem, S. A.; Pollack, M. M.; Glass, N. L.; Spohn, W. A.; Kanter, R. K.; Zucker, A. R., and Ruttimann, U. E. Resource use, efficiency, and outcome prediction in pediatric intensive care of trauma patients. J Trauma. 1990 Jan; 30(1):32-6. Rec #: 1107

53. Koc, C. The Productivity of Health Care and Health Production Functions. Health Economics. 2004; 13(8):739-47. Rec #: 1014

54. Koopmanschap, M.; Burdorf, A.; Jacob, K.; Meerding, W. J.; Brouwer, W., and Severens, H. Measuring productivity changes in economic evaluation: setting the research agenda. Pharmacoeconomics. 2005; 23(1):47-54. Rec #: 1065

55. Kooreman, P. Data envelopment analysis and parametric frontier estimation-complementary tools. Journal of Health Economics. 1994; 13(3):345-6. Rec #: 1586

56. Kumar, N. Changing geographic access to and locational efficiency of health services in two Indian districts between 1981 and 1996. Soc Sci Med. 2004 May; 58(10):2045-67. Rec #: 1130

57. Kwan, J.; Hand, P., and Sandercock, P. Improving the efficiency of delivery of thrombolysis for acute stroke: a systematic review. QJM. 2004 May; 97(5):273-9. Rec #: 1128

58. Lin, J. H.; Chang, C. M.; Liu, C. K.; Huang, M. H., and Lin, Y. T. Efficiency and effectiveness of stroke rehabilitation after first stroke. J Formos Med Assoc. 2000 Jun; 99(6):483-90. Rec #: 1264

59. Lindholm, L.; Rosen, M., and Emmelin, M. An epidemiological approach towards measuring the trade-off between equity and efficiency in health policy. Health Policy. 1996 Mar; 35(3):205-16. Rec #: 1352

60. Lu, M. The Productivity of Mental Health Care: An Instrumental Variable Approach. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics. 1999; 2 (2):59-71. Rec #: 1425

61. Lundsgaard, J. Competition and Efficiency in Publicly Funded Services. OECD Economic Studies N35. 2002:79-128. Rec #: 1422

62. Mason, J. and et al. Incorporating Economic Analysis in Evidence-Based Guidelines for Mental Health: The Profile Approach. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics. 1999; 2(1):13-19. Rec #: 1426

63. Mathewson, J. W.; Dyar, D.; Jones, F. D.; Sklansky, M. S.; Perry, J. C.; Michelfelder, E. C.; Cripe, L., and Kimball, T. R. Conversion to digital technology improves efficiency in the pediatric echocardiography laboratory. J Am Soc Echocardiogr. 2002 Dec; 15(12):1515-22. Rec #: 1171

64. Maxon, A. B.; White, K. R.; Behrens, T. R., and Vohr, B. R. Referral rates and cost efficiency in a universal newborn hearing screening program using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions. J Am Acad Audiol. 1995 Jul; 6(4):271-7. Rec #: 1367

65. Medical Group Management Association. Administrative simplification for medical group practices. Position Papered. 2005 Jun. Rec #: 1636

66. Nash, D. B.; Sullivan, S. D., and Mackowiak, J. Optimizing quality of care and cost effectiveness in treating allergic rhinitis in a managed care setting. Am J Manag Care. 2000 Jan; 6(1 Suppl):S3-15; quiz S19-20. Rec #: 1256

67. Neff, J. M. and et al. Profile of Medical Charges for Children by Health Status Group and Severity Level in a Washington State Health Plan. Health Services Research. 2004; 39(1):73-89. Rec #: 1414

68. Nishimuzu, M. and Page, J. M. Total factor productivity growth, technological progress and technical efficiency change: dimensions of productivity change in Yugoslavia 1965-1978. Economic J. 1982; 92:920-36. Rec #: 1629

69. Okunade, A. A. and Suraratdecha, C. Cost Efficiency, Factor Interchange, and Technical Progress in US Specialized Hospital Pharmacies. Health Economics. 1998; 7(4):363-71. Rec #: 1467

70. Ozcan, Y. A. and Shukla, R. K. The effect of a competency-based targeted staff development program on nursing productivity. J Nurs Staff Dev. 1993 Mar-1993 Apr 30; 9(2):78-84. Rec #: 1391

71. Puckett, R. P.; Connell, B. C.; Dahl, M. K.; Jackson, R., and McClusky, K. W. Practice paper of the American Dietetic Association: A systems approach to measuring productivity in health care foodservice operations. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005 Jan; 105(1):122-30. Rec #: 1109

72. Ravallion, M. On Measuring Aggregate 'Social Efficiency'. 2003(3166). Rec #: 1410

73. Redekop, W. K.; Koopmanschap, M. A.; Rutten, G. E.; Wolffenbuttel, B. H.; Stolk, R. P., and Niessen, L. W. Resource consumption and costs in Dutch patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Results from 29 general practices. Diabet Med. 2002 Mar; 19(3):246-53. Rec #: 1199

74. Reti, S. Improving outpatient department efficiency: a randomized controlled trial comparing hospital and general-practice telephone reminders. N Z Med J. 2003 Jun 6; 116(1175):U458. Rec #: 1146

75. Rex, D. K.; Imperiale, T. F.; Latinovich, D. R., and Bratcher, L. L. Impact of bowel preparation on efficiency and cost of colonoscopy. Am J Gastroenterol. 2002 Jul; 97(7):1696-700. Rec #: 1186

76. Roberts, J.; Browne, G. B.; Streiner, D.; Gafni, A.; Pallister, R.; Hoxby, H.; Jamieson, E., and Meichenbaum, D. The effectiveness and efficiency of health promotion in specialty clinic care. Med Care. 1995 Sep; 33(9):892-905. Rec #: 1363

77. Roos, L. L. and et al. Working More Productively: Tools for Administrative Data. Health Services Research. 2003; 38(5):1339-57. Rec #: 1415

78. Roos, P. and Lundstrom, M. An index approach for the measurement of patient benefits from surgery – illustrated in the case of cataract extraction. INFOR. 1998; 36(3):120-8. Rec #: 1598

79. Ruof, J.; Hulsemann, J. L.; Mittendorf, T.; Handelmann, S.; von der Schulenburg, J. M.; Zeidler, H., and Merkesdal, S. Costs of rheumatoid arthritis in Germany: a micro-costing approach based on healthcare payer's data sources. Ann Rheum Dis. 2003 Jun; 62(6):544-9. Rec #: 1149

80. Shah, S.; Vanclay, F., and Cooper, B. Efficiency, effectiveness, and duration of stroke rehabilitation. Stroke. 1990 Feb; 21(2):241-6. Rec #: 1119

81. Simar, L. Aspects of statistical analysis in DEA-type frontier models. J. Productivity Analysis. 1996; 7:177-85. Rec #: 1631

82. Simar, L. and Wilson, P. W. Statistical inference in nonparametric frontier models: the sate of the art. Journal of Productivity Analysis. 2000; 13:49-78. Rec #: 1601

83. Singla, D. L.; Jasser, G., and Wilson, R. Effects of group education on patient satisfaction, knowledge gained, and cost-efficiency in an anticoagulation center. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 2003 Mar-2003 Apr 30; 43(2):264-6. Rec #: 1157

84. Skillman, J. J.; Paras, C.; Rosen, M.; Davis, R. B.; Kim, D., and Kent, K. C. Improving cost efficiency on a vascular surgery service. Am J Surg. 2000 Mar; 179(3):197-200. Rec #: 1272

85. Smith, P. and Goddard, M. Performance measurement and operational research: a marriage made in heaven? Journal of the Operational Research Society. 2002; 53:247-55. Rec #: 1602

86. Soucat, A.; Levy-Bruhl, D.; De Bethune, X.; Gbedonou, P.; Lamarque, J. P.; Bangoura, O.; Camara, O.; Gandaho, T.; Ortiz, C.; Kaddar, M., and Knippenberg, R. Affordability, cost-effectiveness and efficiency of primary health care: the Bamako Initiative experience in Benin and Guinea. Int J Health Plann Manage. 1997 Jun; 12 Suppl 1:S81-108. Rec #: 1301

87. Stineman, M. G. and Granger, C. V. Outcome, efficiency, and time-trend pattern analyses for stroke rehabilitation. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1998 May-1998 Jun 30; 77(3):193-201. Rec #: 1319

88. Stinnett, A. A. and Paltiel, A. D. Mathematical Programming for the Efficient Allocation of Health Care Resources. Journal of Health Economics. 1996; 15( 5):641-53. Rec #: 1481

89. Tiano, J. J. and White, A. H. Effective training of nursing staff enhances hospital information system efficiency. J Contin Educ Nurs. 1990 Nov-1990 Dec 31; 21( 6):257-9. Rec #: 1143

90. Torstensen, T. A.; Ljunggren, A. E.; Meen, H. D.; Odland, E.; Mowinckel, P., and Geijerstam, S. Efficiency and costs of medical exercise therapy, conventional physiotherapy, and self-exercise in patients with chronic low back pain. A pragmatic, randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial with 1-year follow-up. Spine. 1998 Dec 1; 23(23):2616-24. Rec #: 1306

91. Tynan, A. J. and Lane, S. J. COPD: illness severity, resource utilisation and cost. Ir Med J. 2005 Feb; 98(2):41-2, 44-5. Rec #: 1103

92. Umiker, W. Value-added service in health care institutions. Health Care Superv. 1996 Dec; 15(2):55-62. Rec #: 1347

93. Wee, C. C.; Phillips, R. S.; Burstin, H. R.; Cook, E. F.; Puopolo, A. L.; Brennan, T. A., and Haas, J. S. Influence of financial productivity incentives on the use of preventive care. Am J Med. 2001 Feb 15; 110(3):181-7. Rec #: 1245

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Rejected: Exact Duplicate

1. Executive Summary of the Health Care Productivity Report. J Ambul Care Manage.2001 Apr; 24(2):1-10. Rec #: 1232

2. Baily, M. N. and Garber, A. M. Health Care Productivity. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. 1997; 0(0):143-202. Rec #: 1469

3. Conrad, D. A.; Sales, A.; Liang, S. Y.; Chaudhuri, A.; Maynard, C.; Pieper, L.; Weinstein, L.; Gans, D., and Piland, N. The impact of financial incentives on physician productivity in medical groups. Health Serv Res. 2002 Aug; 37(4):885-906. Rec #: 1179

4. DeLia, D.; Cantor, J. C.; Duck, E., and Blomqvist, A. Productivity vs Training in Primary Care: Analysis of Hospitals and Health Centers in New York City Economic Efficiency and QALY-Based Cost-Utility Analysis in Health Care. 2002(2000/07): 314-26. Rec #: 1051

5. Kessler, D. and McClellan, M. The Effects of Hospital Ownership on Medical Productivity. 2001(8537). Rec #: 1026

6. Kralewski, J. E.; Rich, E. C.; Feldman, R.; Dowd, B. E.; Bernhardt, T.; Johnson, C., and Gold, W. The effects of medical group practice and physician payment methods on costs of care. Health Serv Res. 2000 Aug; 35(3):591-613. Rec #: 1260

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Rejected: Duplicate Data

1. Duggan, M. Does Contracting Out Increase the Efficiency of Government Programs? Evidence from Medicaid HMOs. 2002(9091). Rec #: 1027

Page last reviewed April 2008
Internet Citation: Appendix F: List of Excluded Studies (continued): Health Care Efficiency Measures: Identification, Categorization, and Evaluation. April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD.