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Figure 1. Typology of efficiency measures (Text Description)

Health Care Efficiency Measures: Identification, Categorization, and Evaluation

This figure displays the typology or analytical framework of efficiency. It shows a flowchart with three different levels:

  • Perspective.
  • Outputs.
  • Inputs.

Perspective

This part of the figure is entitled Society. It has three different entities:

Providers (in a rectangular box):
Hospitals.
Physicians.
Nursing homes.
Urgent Care Clinics.

Intermediaries (in an oval):
Health Plans.
Employers.

The third and final entity is Individuals, which was placed in a diamond text box.

Outputs

This level shows two different text boxes—one is entitled Health services, and the other one Health outcomes. Both boxes show examples of these outputs:

Health services

Examples:

  • Hospital discharges.
  • Office visits.
  • Episodes of care.
  • Covered lives (patients served).

Health outcomes

Examples:

  • Post-admission mortality rates.
  • Life expectancy.
  • Infant mortality rates.

Inputs

This level shows two different text boxes—the first one is Physical, and the second one Financial. Both boxes show examples of these inputs:

Physical

Examples:

  • Nursing labor used to produce a surgical procedure.
  • Office visits used to produce an episode of care.

Financial

Examples:

  • Nursing wages.
  • Physician wages.
  • Medication costs.
  • Charges.

Return to Figure 1

Current as of April 2008
Internet Citation: Figure 1. Typology of efficiency measures (Text Description): Health Care Efficiency Measures: Identification, Categorization, and Evaluation. April 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/efficiency/hcemch2fig1txt.html