Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

Table 3-3 Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Categories Used by State Medicaid and CHIP Programs

OMB Race and Hispanic
Ethnicity Categories
2004: State
Medicaid Programs
Using (out of 21)a
2009: State
Medicaid Programs
Using (out of 33)b
2009: State
CHIP Programs
Using (out of 38)c
White 20 32 37
American Indian or Alaska Native 20 31 37
Black or African American 19 32 37
Hispanic or Latino 19d 32e 35f
Asian 16 32 37
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander 14 30 36
Other 9 5 8

OMB = Office of Management and Budget

a Source: Palmer, 2004.
b 37 state applications were available online. Four states provided space to write-in a free-text response, so they are not included in the denominator. Of the remaining 33 states, all applications except one solicited race and ethnicity information with specific category choices.
c 45 state applications were available online. Seven states provided space to write-in a free-text response, so the categories collected by these states are not included. Of the remaining 38 states, all applications except one solicited race and ethnicity information with specific category choices.
d Seven of the 19 states also collected data on Not Hispanic or Latino, indicating differences in using the one-question versus two-question format.
e 18 of the 32 states also collected data on Not Hispanic or Latino, indicating about an equivalent number of states using the one- versus two-question format.
f 18 of the 35 states also collected data on Not Hispanic or Latino.

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Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: Table 3-3 Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Categories Used by State Medicaid and CHIP Programs. October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldata3tab3-3.html