Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

Table H-3: Written Language Codes (ISO)

Language Code Language Description
Top 15 (most frequently used)
EN English
ES Spanish
VI Vietnamese
FA Farsi
LO Laotian
AR Arabic
TL Tagalog
12 Cantonese
RU Russian
KM Cambodian
KO Korean
14 Mandarin
PA Punjabi
BG Bulgarian
PL Polish
Written Language Codes and Description in Alphabetical Order
AB ABKHAZIAN
OM AFAN,OROMO
AA AFAR
15 AF-MAAY
AF AFRIKAANS
SQ ALBANIAN,SHQIP
AM AMHARIC
AR ARABIC
HY ARMENIAN,HAYEREN
AS ASSAMESE
AY AYMARA
AZ AZERBAIJANI
BA BASHKIR
EU BASQUE,EUSKERA
17 BEHDINI
BN BENGALI,BANGLA
BH BIHARI
BI BISLAMA
BS BOSNIAN
02 BRAILLE/ALTERNATIVE FORMAT
BR BRETON
BG BULGARIAN
MY BURMESE,MYANMASA
BE BYELORUSSIAN
KM CAMBODIAN,KHMER
12 CANTONESE (SIMPLIFIED)
CA CATALAN
19 CHALDEAN NEO-ARAMAIC
CH CHAMORRO
ZH Chinese- simplified characters
20 Chinese- Traditional characters
CO CORSICAN
HR CROATIAN,CROAT,HRVATSKI
CS CZECH
DA DANISH
21 DINKA
NL DUTCH,NEDERLANDS
DZ DZONGKHA (BHUTANI,BHUTANESE)
EN ENGLISH
ET ESTONIAN
FO FAROESE,FAEROESE
FA FARSI,PARSIAN,PERSIAN
FJ FIJI,FIJIAN
FI FINNISH,SUOMI
22 FLEMISH (DUTCH)
23 FORMOSAN
FR FRENCH
FY FRISIAN
24 FUJIAN
25 FUKIENESE (traditional characters)
FL FULA, FULAH
GL GALICIAN
KA GEORGIAN,KARTULI
DE GERMAN
EL GREEK
KL GREENLANDIC,KALAALLISUT
GN GUARANI
GU GUJARATI,GUJERATI
HT HAITIAN CREOLE/FRENCH CREOLE
26 HAKKA (traditional)
HA HAUSA
27 HAWRAMI
HE HEBREW,IWRITH
HI HINDI
28 HMONG (BLUE/GREEN)
03 HMONG (WHITE)
29 HUNANESE (traditional characters)
HU HUNGARIAN,MAGYAR
30 IBO
IS ICELANDIC,ISLENZK
04 ILACANO (ILOKO)
ID INDONESIAN,BAHASA,INDONESIA
IU INUKTITUT
IK INUPIAK
GA IRISH,GAEILGE
IT ITALIAN
JA JAPANESE,NIHONGO
JV JAVANESE,BAHASA JAWA
KN KANNADA
KS KASHMIRI
KK KAZAKH
RW KINYARWANDA
KY KIRGHIZ,KYRGYZ
RN KIRUNDI
KO KOREAN,CHOSON-O
31 KPELLE
KU KURDISH,ZIMANY KURDY
32 KURMANJI
LO LAOTIAN,LAOTHIAN,PHA XA LOA
LV LATVIAN,LETTISH
LN LINGALA
LT LITHUANIAN
MK MACEDONIAN
MG MALAGASY
MS MALAY, BAHASA MALAYSIA
ML MALAYALAM
MT MALTESE
14 MANDARIN (TRADITIONAL)
MI MAORI
MR MARATHI
MH MARSHALLESE
33 MENDE
06 MIEN
34 MIXE
MO MOLDAVIAN
MN MONGOLIAN
NE NAPALI
NV Navajo, Navaho
NO NORWEGIAN
37 NUER
OC OCCITAN
OR ORIYA
PS PASHTO,PUSHTO
PL POLISH
PT PORTUGESE
PA PUNJABI,PANJABI
QU QUECHUA
RM RHAETO-ROMANCE,ROMANSCH
RO ROMANIA,RUMANIAN
RU RUSSIAN
SM SAMOAN
SG SANGHO
GD SCOTS GAELIC
SR SERBIAN,SRPSKI
ST SESOTHO
TN SETSWANA
38 SHANGHAINESE (traditiona charactersl)
SN SHONA
SD SINDHI
SI SINGHALESE
SS SISWATI
SK SLOVAK
SL SLOVENIAN
SO SOMALI
ES SPANISH
SU SUDANESE
SW SWAHILI
SV SWEDISH,SVENSKA
TL TAGALOG
TG TAJIK
TA TAMIL
39 TARASCO
TT TATAR
TE TELUGU
TH THAI
BO TIBETIAN,BODSKAD
TI TIGRIGNA
40 TIO CHIU OR TEOCHEW (verify character style)
TO TONGAN (LANGUAGE OF TONGA)
TS TSONGA
TR TURKISH
TK TURKMEN
TW TWI
UG UIGUR
UK UKRAINIAN
UR URDU
UZ UZBEK
VI VIETNAMESE
CY WELSH
WO WOLOF
41 WU (traditional)
XH XHOSA
YI YIDDISH,JIDDISCH
YO YORUBA
ZA ZHUANG
ZU ZULU
8 Unknown
3 Unable to contact
98 DECLINED TO STATE
99 OTHER

Note: For more information on CCHP's Language Assistance Data Base (LADB) project, call Otilia Tiutin at 925-313-6063 or E-mail otiutin@hsd.cccounty.us. Information about CCHP can be found at www.contracostahealthplan.org.

Return to Document

Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: Table H-3: Written Language Codes (ISO). October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldataaph3.html