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Table I-1: Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Catego

Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Qu

Table I-1. Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Categories and Coding

Census Language Namea Census Codea ISO 639-3
Individual
languageb
ISO 639-2
Individual
languageb
ISO 639-1
Individual
languageb
ISO Language
Nameb
Other Names and
Additional Information
Reported in the Census
2000c
Kaiser
Permanente
Health Pland
Contra
Costa
Health
Pland
HRET
Hospital
Surveyf
NACHC
Survey of
CHCsg
Language
Line Useh
NY
Presbyterian
Hospitale
SFGHeUWeSutter
Healthe
Abkhazian696*abkabkabAbkhazian  xx      x
Abnaki822aaq, abe  Abnaki
(Eastern,
Western)
Eastern Abnaki—extinctx         
Achinese733aceace Achinese x         
Acholi785achach Acoli           
Achumawi855acv  AchumawiNearly extinctx         
Acoma (same code as Laguna)924kjq  Western Keres (dialect- Acoma)           
Afar783*aaraaraaAfar  xx      x
Afghani (coded same as Pashto)657prs (Dari
Persian) pst (Central
Pashto) pbt (Southern
Pashto) pbu
(Northern
Pashto) haz
(Hazaragi) uzb
(Uzbek)
  Afghan
Languages are multiple (about 50% use Dari and about 35% Pashto;
other major
languages:
Hazaragi,
Uzbek
Southern)
           
African, not further specified799     x         
Afrikaans611afrafrafrAfrikaans xxx  x   x
Aguaceto968agu  Aguacateco           
Ahtena848aht  AhtenaNearly extinctx         
Ainu723aib (China), ain (Japan)ain (Japan) Ainu           
Akan796aka (macro
with 2 sub: fat (Fanti) and twi (Twi)
akaakAkan  x   x    
Aklan743*mlz (Malaynon)  Aklan
language of
Philippines
include:
Malaynon and Akeanon
    x      
Alabama915akz  Alabama x         
Albanian638sqi (macro with 4 subs)sqi/albsqAlbanian xxxxxxx  x
Aleut800aleale Aleut x         
Algonquian806alq  AlgonquinCarolina Algonquin -
extinct
xx        
American Indian966   American Indian x         
Amharic780amhamhamAmharic xxxxxx  xx
Apache862 apa (multiple
other 639-3 codes)
 Apache languages xx        
Arabic777ara (macro with 30
sublanguages
araarArabic xxxxxxxxxx
Arabic Morocan777*ary  Arabic Moroccan      x    
Arabic Yemen777*ayh (Hadrami)
ayn (Sanaani)
acq (Ta'izzi- Adeni)
  Arabic Yemen
(multiple possibilities)
       x   
Aramaic (see below Chaldean with same code)779aii (Assyrian
Neo-Aramaic)
jpa (Aramaic,
Jewish
Palestine) sam (Aramaic
Samaritan) cld
(Chaldean Neo Aramaic
  Numerous
languages with
Aramaic in
name
          x
Arapaho807arparp Arapaho x         
Arawakian974arwarw Arawak x         
Arkikara934ari  ArikaraNearly extinctx         
Arkansas914qua  Quapaw           
Armenian655hyehye/armhyArmenian xxx  xx  x
Ashanti (see Twi which has same code)796   The Ashanti
language is
Twi (see below)
Asante     x    
Asian Indian662               
Assamese672asmasmasAssamese x x       
Assiniboine907asb              
Assyrian779aii  Assyrian Neo-Aramaic  xx  x   x
Athapascan847 ath
(collective)
 Athapascan
languages
 x         
Atsina808ats  Gros Ventre x         
Atsugewi886atw  AtsugewiNearly extinctx         
Austrian607bar  Bavarian           
Aymara973aym (macro with 2
sublanguages:
Central and
Southern)
aymayAymara xxx       
Azerbaijani690aze (macro
with 2 subs:
North and South)
azeazAzerbaijaniAzerix x  x    
Aztecan956azc (639-5)  Uto-Aztecan xx        
Bahasa (same code
as Malay)
739msa (macro)
zim (Malay
individual language)
msa/may
(macro)
Ms
(macro)
 Bahasa Kehangsaan
(Indonesia) Bahasa
Malaysian (Malaysia)
     x    
Balinese734banban Balinese x         
Balochi659bal (macro with 3 subs:
Eastern,
Southern,
Western)
 balBaluchi x         
Bambara793*bambamamBambara      xx   
Banjuni (see Swahili)uncoded;
code same
as Swahili
          x    
Bannock941pao  Northern Paiute           
Bantu792 bnt Bantu (other) xx        
Bari786bfa  Bari           
Bashkir688*bakbakbaBashkir  xx      x
Basque697euseus/baqeusBasque xxx x    x
Bassa796*bsq  Bassa         x 
Behdini658*kmr  Behdini's code (bdf) was retired from use and
suggest kmr
Northern
Kurdish
     x     
Bembe792bmb  Bembe           
Bengali664benbenbnBengali xxxx xx xx
Berber781 ber (collective) Berber (other) x    x    
Bhili669bhb  Bhili           
Bhojpuri668*bhobho Bhojpuri       x   
Bielorussian640belbelbeBelarusianBelorussianx x  x    
Bihari668 bihbhBihari x x       
Bikol747bik (macro with 5 subs)bik Bikol x         
Bisayan (has
separate code from
Cebuano)
743bsb (Brunei)
bsy (Sabah)
  Bisayan
(Cebuano is a subset of Bisayan)
 x  xxx    
Bislama604*bisbisbiBislama  xx      x
Blackfoot809blabla Siksika x         
Bosnian649bosbosbsBosnian  xxxxx xx 
Brahui699brh  Brahui x         
Breton634brebrebrBreton xxx      x
Buginese730bugbug Buginese x x       
Bulgarian647bulbulbgBulgarian xx x x   x
Burmese717myamya/burmyBurmese xxxx x   x
Burushaski707bsk  Burashaski x         
Bushman790xuu  KxoeKhoe          
Caddo935cadcad CaddoKado, Caddoe; Nearly
extinct
x         
Cahto861ktw  KatoExtinct          
Cahuilla949chl  CahuillaNearly
extinct
x         
Cajun624frc  Cajun, French xx        
Cambodian (same code as Khmer)726   Cambodian
(see Khmer)
  xx       
Canjobal968knj  Kanjobal,
Western
    x      
Cantonese711yue (sub of
Chinese
  Cantonese xxxxxxxxxx
Carib974car (Caribe)
crb (Carib Island)
              
Carolinian751cal  Carolinian x         
Catalonian626catcatcaCatalan xxx  x   x
Caucasian696 cau Caucasian (other) x         
Cayuga929cay  Cayuga x         
Cebuano744cebceb Cebuano  x       x
Chadic782shu (Chadian
Arabic)
  Chadian ArabicMany languages belong to Chadic group and are used beyond borders of Chad; in Chad itself Chadic Arabic is a common languagex         
Chaldean779cld  Chaldean Neo-
Aramaic
Chaldean dialects  xx x    
Cham735cjm (Eastern),
cja (Western
  Cham
(Eastern,
Western)
 x         
Chamorro752chachachChamorro xxx      x
Chaochow; Chao-Chou; Chaozhou
(code differs from Min Nan)
708   Chaochow;
Chao-Chou;
Chaozhou
(see Min Nansame
ISO code)
  x   x   x
Chasta Costa859   Chasta CostaExtinctx         
Chemehuevi943   Ute-Southern
Paiute (see
below)
 x         
Cherokee933chrchr Cherokee xx   x    
Chetemacha921ctm  ChitimachaExtinct          
Cheyenne810chychy Cheyenne x         
Chibchan975chbchb Chibcha x         
Chickasaw916cic  Chickasaw           
Chinese708zho (macro
with 13 subs: including cmn Mandarin)
zho / chzhChinese x  x     x
Chinese Wu,
Shanghainese
715*wuu  Chinese Wu,
Shanghainese
          x
Chinook883chh  ChinookNearly extinct          
Chinook Jargon965chnchn Chinook Jargon x         
Chippewa819ciw  ChippewaChippewah; Chipewyan   x      
Chiricahua978apm  Mescalero-
Chiricahua
Apache
 x         
Chiwere908    Nearly extinctx         
Choctaw916chocho Choctaw x         
Chumash901   retired code
for Chumash
Extinctx         
Chuukese761chkchk Chuukese  x   x    
Chuvash684chvchvcvChuvash x         

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Current as of March 2010
Internet Citation: Table I-1: Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Catego: Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Qu. March 2010. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldataapitab1.html