Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

Table I-1. Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Categories and Coding (continued)

Census Language Namea Census Codea ISO 639-3
Individual
languageb
ISO 639-2
Individual
languageb
ISO 639-1
Individual
languageb
ISO Language
Nameb
Other Names and
Additional Information
Reported in the Census
2000c
Kaiser
Permanente
Health Pland
Contra
Costa
Health
Pland
HRET
Hospital
Surveyf
NACHC
Survey of
CHCsg
Language
Line Useh
NY
Presbyterian
Hospitale
SFGHe UWe Sutter
Healthe
Circassian (same code as Caucasian) 696       Circassian
(see Caucasian languages)
                     
Clallum 835 clm     Clallam Klallam; Nearly extinct x                  
Coast Miwok 870 csi     Miwok, Coast Extinct x                  
Cocomaricopa 892 mrc     Maricopa   x                  
Cocopah (see Delta River Yuman) 896 coc     Cocopa Delta River Yuman                    
Coeur d'Alene 836 crd     Coeur d'Alene Nearly extinct x                  
Columbia 837 col     Columbia-
Wenatchi
  x                  
Colville 841 oka     Okanagan-
Colville
                     
Comanche 938 com     Comanche   x                  
Concow 868 mjd     Northwest Maidu Konkau; Nearly extinct                    
Coorgi 698 kfa     Kodava Coorge,Kurja, Khurgi, Kadagi                    
Corsican 619* cos cos co Corsican     x x             x
Coushatta 919 cku     Koasati                      
Cowlitz 838 cow     Cowlitz Extinct x                  
Cree 811 cre (macro with 6
sublanguages
cre cr Cree   x         x        
Creek 920 mus mus   Creek                      
Creole 623* many codes to
match different
types of creole
    Creole (many
choices)
          x   x      
Croatian 650 hrv hrv/scr hr Croatian   x x x     x       x
Crow 904 cro     Crow   x                  
Cuna 975 kvn (Border
Kuna) cuk (San Blas Kuna)
   

Border Kuna
San Blas Kuna

                     
Cupeno 950 cup     Cupeno Extinct x                  
Cushite 783   cus
(collective)
  Cushitic
(other)
  x x                
Czech 642 ces ces/cze   Czech   x x x x   x       x
Dakota 907 dak dak   Dakota   x x       x        
Danish 615 dan dan da Danish   x x x x   x        
Dari 656 prs (gbz for
Dari
Zoroastrian)
    Dari Persian     x   x   x        
Delaware 812 del (macro with 2 subs) del   Delaware   x                  
Delta River Yuman 896 coc     Cocopa   x                  
Diegueno 895 dih     Kumiai,
Northern
Diegueno
Ipai x                  
Dinka 785 din (macro with 5 sub) din   Dinka     x x x   x        
Dravidian 698   dra (collective)   Dravidian (other)   x                  
Dutch 610 nld nld/dut nl Dutch Flemish x x x x   x     x x
Dyula 793* dyu dyu   Dyula Diula           x        
Efik 797 efi efi   Efik   x                  
English   eng eng en English   x x x x       x   x
English Creoles Belize, Guyanese 601   cpe   English-based
Creoles
English Creoles Belize,
Guyanese
                   
Eosture uncoded uncoded     Eosture               x      
Eskimo 802       Numerous
possibilities
  x x               x
Estonian 680 est (macro with 2 subs) est est Estonian   x   x              
Ethiopian 780*       Ethiopian See Amharic, Tigrigna               x   x
Ewe 796 ewe ewe ee Ewe             x        
Eyak 865 ewk     Eyak Nearly extinct x                  
Fanti 796 fat (sub of Akan) fat   Fanti           x          
Faroese 618 fao fao fo Faroese   x   x              
Farsi 656 prs (same code as Dari
Persian)
    Farsi Eastern Persian Farsi Persian   x x x x x x x x x
Fijian 771 fij fij fj Fijian   x x x              
Filipino 742 fil fil   Filipino     x   x         x  
Finnish 679 fin fin fi Finnish   x x x x   x     x  
Flemish 610 nld (same as
Dutch)
nld/dut nl Flemish     x x     x       x
Foo Chow (see Fuchow) 713*       see Min Dong               x      
Foothill North Yokuts
(distinguished from Tachi-Valley Yokuts)
876 yok     Yokuts (single code; also
includes Tachi- Valley Yokuts)
Nearly extinct x                  
Formosan (same code as Taiwanese) 714 multiple
languages
such as dru
(Rukai) sai
(Saisiyat) tay (Tayal) tsy (Tsou)
    Formosan   x x x              
Fox (see Meskawkie) 813 sac     Fox x                    
French 620 fra fra/fre fr French   x x x x x x   x x x
French Canadian (see
French)
620*                     x        
French Cree 816 multiple Cree
languages
    French Cree (see Michif)   x                  
French Creole 623   cpf   French-based
Creoles and Pidgin (other)
  x x   x            
Frisian 612 frr frs fry frr
Northern; frs Eastern; fry Western
frr (No.) frs
(East) fry
West
fy
(Western)
Frisian   x   x              
Fuchow 713 cdo     Min Dong Chinese Fuzhou; Foochow, Min
Dong; Foochownese
x x       x x      
Fukianese (see Min Nan) 714*                     x        
Fukien (see Min Nan) 714       Fukienese
(see Min Nan)
Fukien; Fukianese   x x   x x x      
Fulani 794 ful (macro with 9 sub
languages)
ful ff Fulah (also
Fula)
  x x x     x x   x  
Fur 789 fur     Fur                      
Ga 796 gaa gaa   Ga             x        
Gaddang uncoded gdk     Gadang             x        
Garifuna 794 cab     Garifuna Caribe                    
Georgian 696 kat kat/geo ka Georgia     x x     x       x
German 607 deu deu/ger de German   x x x x x x   x x x
Ghani (multiple
languages coded the same)
796*       multiple
languages
(see specific
codes: Ga,
Ibo, Igbo,
Krahn, Kru,
Twi, Ashanti,
Bassa, Akan, Ewe, Fanti)
Ghanian       x            
Gilbertese 753 gil gil   Gilbertese   x                  
Gondi 700 gon (macro
with 2 subs)
gon   Gondi   x                  
Gorontalo 749 gor gor   Gorontalo   x                  
Greek 615* ell ell/gre el Greek   x x x x x x x x   x
Greenlandic 615* kal kal kl Greenlandic     x x             x
Gros Ventre 808 ats     Gros Ventre Nearly extinct                    
Guamanian (see Chamorro, same code) 752 cha cha ch Chammoro                      
Guarani 976 grn (macro
language with 5 subs)
grn gn Guarani     x x             x
Guatemalan 968 multiple languages     Guatemalean         x            
Gujarathi 667 guj guj gu Gujarati   x x x x   x x   x x
Gullah 605 gul     Sea Island
Creole English
  x                  
Gur 795 gur     Farefare   x                  
Gwichin (see Kuchin) 852 gwi gwi   Gwich'in                      
Haida 846 hai hai   Haida Northern Haida—nearly
extinct
x                  
Haitian Creole 623 hat hat ht Haitian,
Haitian Creole
    x x x   x       x
Hakka 709 hak (sub of
Chinese)
    Hakka
Chinese
  x x x     x       x
Han haa       Han Nearly extinct x                  
Hausa 782 hau hau ha Hausa                      
Havasupai 898 yuf     Havasupai-
Walapai-
Yavapai
  x                  
Hawaiian 776 haw haw   Hawaiian   x   x     x        
Hawaiian Pidgin 603 hwc     Hawaiian
Creole
  x x   x           x
Hebrew 778 heb heb he Hebrew   x x x x   x x   x x
Hichita 918           x                  
Hidatsa 905 hid     Hidatsa   x                  
Hindi 663 hin hin hi Hindi   x x x x x x x x x x
Hindi Fijian 663/671 hif     Hindi Fiji             x        
Hindko 663* hno Hindko,
Northern) hnd (Hindko,
Southern)
    Hindko           x          
Hmong 722 hmn (Macro
with 24 subs
hmn   Hmong   x (2 types) xx x              
Ho Chunk 909 win     Ho-Chunk                      
Hokkien (same code as Fukien and Min Nan) 714       Hokkien (see
Min Nan)
Fukien, Southern Min
from Fukian
      x            
Hopi 948 hop     Hopi   x                  
Hopi-Tewa (see Tewa) 962 tew     Tewa (USA)                      
Hualapai 899                              
Huichole 957 hch     Huichol                      
Hunanese   hsn     Xiang Chinese Xiang, Hunan, Hsiang           x        
Hungarian 682 hun hun hu Hungarian   x x x x   x x   x x
Hupa 860 hup hup   Hupa Nearly extinct x                  
Huron (see Wyandot) 932         Extinct                    
Ibanag 742* ibg     Ibanag             x        
Ibibio 797 ibb     Ibibio                      
Ibo (also see Igbo) 796               x     x        
Icelandic 617 isl isl/ice is Icelandic   x   x     x       x
Igbo 796 ibo ibo ig Igbo Ibo   x       x        
Igorot 746 multiple languages     Igorot Igorot ethnic groups in
Philippines
                   
Ilocano 746 ilo ilo   Iloko Ilokano x x x x   x   x   x
Ilongo 743 ilk     Ilongot                      
India languages 662*                             x
India, nec 662           x             x    
Indigenous Central American uncoded                 x            
Indigenous Mexican 625*                 x            
Indonesian 732 ind ind id Indonesian   x x x x x x     x x
Ingalit 850         Nearly extinct x                  
Inupiaq 803 ipk ipk ik Inupiaq       x              
Inupik 803       (see Inupiaq)   x                  
Iowa 908 iow     Iowa-Ota                      
Iranian, other 656*       Iranian, other                     x
Irish Gaelic 635 gle gle ga Irish   x x x             x
Iroquois 925   iro   Iroquoian
languages
  x                  
Isleta (see Tiwa) 960       (see Tiwa)                      
Italian 619 ita ita it Italian   x x x x   x x x x x

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Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: Table I-1. Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Categories and Coding (continued). Content last reviewed October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldataapitab1a.html