Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

Table I-1. Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Categories and Coding (continued)

Census Language Namea Census Codea ISO 639-3
Individual
languageb
ISO 639-2
Individual
languageb
ISO 639-1
Individual
languageb
ISO Language
Nameb
Other Names and
Additional Information
Reported in the Census
2000c
Kaiser
Permanente
Health Pland
Contra
Costa
Health
Pland
HRET
Hospital
Surveyf
NACHC
Survey of
CHCsg
Language
Line Useh
NY
Presbyterian
Hospitale
SFGHe UWe Sutter
Healthe
White Mountain 979 apw     Apache,
Western
(differs from other Apache
codes)
White Mountain is dialect of Western
Apache
                   
Wichita 937         Nearly extinct x                  
Windish 644         Slovenian language group                    
Winnebago 909 win     Ho-Chunk   x                  
Wintun 875 wit     Wintu Nearly extinct x                  
Wiyot 826 wiy     Wiyot Extinct x                  
Woleai-Ulithi 763 woe     Woleaian   x                  
Wolof 794 wol wol wo Wolof     x x x   x x   x x
Wu 715 wuu (sub of Chinese with own code)     Wu Chinese   x   x             x
Wyandot (see Huron) 932 wya     Wyandot Extinct x                  
Xhosa 792 xho xho xh Xhosa     x x             x
Yakama 882                              
Yakut 693 sah sah   Yakut   x                  
Yapese 764 yap yap   Yapese   x x                
Yaqui 955 yaq     Yaqui   x                  
Yavapai (different code than Havasupai) 900 yuf     Havasupai-
Walapai-
Yavapai
  x                  
Yenisei 683 kjh     Khakas Abakan Tartar, Yennisej
Tartar, Xakas
                   
Yiddish 609 yid (macro with 2 subs) yid yi Yiddish   x x x x   x x     x
Yoruba 796 yor yor yo Yoruba     x x     x       x
Yuchi 903 yuc     Yuchi Nearly extinct x                  
Yugoslav 649                              
Yuki 922 yuk     Yuki Extinct x                  
Yuma 894 yum     Quechan Kechan                    
Yupik 805 esu (Central)
ess (Central
Siberain) ynk
(Naukan) ems (Pacific Gulf) ysr (Sirenic)
ypk
(collective)
  Yupik   x         x        
Yurok 827 yur     Yurok Yurok; nearly extinct x                  
Zapoteca 971 zap (macro
with 47 subs
zap   Zapotec       x x            
Zia 924 zia     Zia                      
Zulu 792 zul zul zu Zulu     x x             x
Zuni 964 zun zun   Zuni   x                  
  736         Bravanese (name for
Swahili use in part of Somalia
          x        
  uncoded daw     Davawenyo Davaweno         x          
  uncoded hac     Gorani Southern Kurdish
language
          x        
                                 
  uncoded         Manegra             x      
                                 
  uncoded written Brai (4 letter
script code ISO 15924)
    Braille                     x
  coded as English         Nonspeaking; speech loss                    
  uncoded         Declined, Refused                   x
  coded as English ase     American Sign
Language
Deaf; Hearing Impaired; Non Hearing   x x x x x x   x x
            American Sign
Language tactive
            x      
  uncoded 130 possible
choices
    Multiple Sign
Language
options
Other Sign Language   x           x   x
  uncoded und       Undetermined; Unable to
Determine; Unknown
              x   x

a U.S. Census Bureau. 2007. Census 2000 Summary File 2—Technical documentation. Appendix G code lists. Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau. Additional languages were added to this column based on the responses in columns on health plan, hospital, and community health center use. An asterisk indicates a language added to the Census 2000 list.
b SIL International. 2009. ISO 639 Code Tables. http://sil.org/iso639-3/codes.asp?order=639_3&letter=a (accessed August 25, 2009).
c Modern Language Association. 2009. All languages reported to the US Census in 2000. http://www.mla.org/map_data_langlist&mode=lang_tops (accessed May 26, 2009).
d Refer to Appendixes G and H on Kaiser Permanente and Contra Costa for information on their approaches to data collection and categorization.
e Personal communications from Emilio Carrillo, New York Presbyterian Hospital, May 11, 2009; Alice Chen, San Francisco General Hospital, July 7, 2009; Maria Moreno and Traci Van, Sutter Health, July 22, 2009; Shiva Bidar-Sielaff, University of Wisconsin Health, May 11, 2009.
f Hasnain-Wynia, R., J. Yonek, D. Pierce, R. Kang, and C. H. Greising. 2006. Hospital language services for patients with limited English proficiency: Results from a national survey . Chicago, IL: Health Research and Educational Trust (HRET)/AHA.
g National Association of Community Health Centers. 2008. Serving patients with limited English proficiency: Results of a community health center survey . Bethesda, MD: National Association of Community Health Centers and National Health Law Program.
h Language Line Service. 2009. List of languages by Language Line Services. http://www.languageline.com/page/languages/ (accessed June 12, 2009)


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Page last reviewed October 2014
Internet Citation: Table I-1. Subcommittee Template: Comparison of Spoken Language Categories and Coding (continued). October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldataapitab1f.html