Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Quality Improvement

Table E-1. Template of Granular Ethnicity Category Lists and Coding Schemes with Rollup to the OMB Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Categories

OMB Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Category Granular Ethnicity CDC/HL7 Race and Ethnicity Code Set 1.0 Massachusetts Superseta Census Ancestry Codesb Kaiser Permanente Granular Ethnicity Code Setc
Asian   2028-9 X X  
Asian Indian 2029-7 Xa X X
   Kashmir     X  
   Andaman Islander     X  
   Andhra Pradesh     X  
   Assamese     X  
   Goanese     X  
   Gujarati     X  
   Karnatakan     X  
   Keralan     X  
   Madhya Pradesh     X  
   Maharashtran     X  
   Madras     X  
   Mysore     X  
   Nagaland     X  
   Orissa     X  
   Pondicherry     X  
   Rajasthan     X  
   Sikkim     X  
   Tamil Nadu     X  
   Uttar Pradesh     X  
Bhutanese 2031-3 X X  
Baram/Burman       X
Chinese 2034-7 Xa X X
   Manchurian     X  
Taiwanese 2035-4 X X X
Tagalog       X
Japanese 2039-6 Xa X X
   Issei     X  
   Nisei     X  
   Sansei     X  
   Vonsei     X  
   Gonsei     X  
Okinawan 2043-8   X X
Iwo Jiman 2048-7      
Korean 2040-4 Xa X X
Vietnamese 2047-9 Xa X X
   Katu     X  
   Ma     X  
   Mnong     X  
   Kihn/Viet       X
Hmong 2037-0 X X X
Malay       X
Maldivian 2049-5 X X  
Singaporean 2051-1 X X X
Punjab     X  
Cantonese     X  
Mongolian     X  
Tibetan     X  
Hong Kong     X  
Macao     X  
Ryukyu Islander     X  
North Bornean     X  
Formosan     X  
Montagnard     X  
Indo Chinese     X  
Amerasian     X  
Kazakh/Qazaq       X
Kazakhstani       X
Bangladeshi 2030-5 X X X
Nepalese/Nepali 2050-3 X X X
Bengali     X X
Pakistani 2044-6 X X X
Sri Lankan 2045-3 X X X
   Singhalese/Sinhalese     X X
   Veddah     X  
Burmese 2032-1 X X X
   Shan     X  
Cambodian 2033-9 Xa X X
   Khmer     X X
Filipino 2036-2 Xa X X
Indonesian 2038-8 X X X
   Bornean     X  
   Javanese/Jawa     X X
   Sumatra     X  
Laotian/Lao 2041-2 Xa X X
   Meo     X  
   Lao Loum/Lowland Lao       X
Malaysian 2042-0 X X X
Thai 2046-1 X X X
   Black Thai     X  
   Western Lao     X  
Black or African
American
  2054-5 X    
Black 2056-0 X X  
African American 2058-6 Xa X  
African 2060-2 Xa X  
Botswanan 2061-0 X X  
Djibouti   X X  
Liberian 2063-6 X X X
Namibian 2064-4 X X  
Nigerian 2065-1 X X X
   Fulani/Hausa     X X
   Ibo/Igbo     X X
   Tiv     X  
   Voruba     X X
Zairean 2066-9 X X  
Angolese   X X  
Benin   X X  
Burkina Faso   X    
Burundi   X X  
Cameroonian   X X X
Central African Republic   X X  
Chad   X    
Comoros   X    
Congolese   X X X
Ivoirian/Cote d'Ivoire   X X X
Equatorial Guinea   X X  
Eritrean   X X X
Gabon   X X  
Gambian   X X  
Ghanaian/Ghanian   X X  
Guinea   X X  
Guinea-Bissau   X X  
Lesotho   X X  
Libyan   X X X
Malawi   X X  
Mali   X X  
Mauritanian   X X  
Mauritius   X X  
Mozambique   X X  
Reunion   X    
Rwanda   X X  
Sao Tome and Principe   X    
Senegalese/Senegal   X X  
Seychelles   X    
Afrikaner     X  
Natalian     X  
Swazi   X X  
Tanzanian   X X X
Togolese   X X X
Ugandan   X X X
Western Sahara   X    
Zambian   X X  
Zimbabwean   X X  
Congo Brazzaville     X  
Corsico Islander     X  
Niger     X  
Zulu     X  
Tanganyikan     X  
Zanzibar Islander     X  
Upper Voltan     X  
Volta     X  
African Islander     X  
Central African     X  
Eastern African     X  
Western African     X  
Agikuyu/Kikuyu       X
Akan       X
Amara/Amhara       X
Bantu       X
Mende       X
Oromo       X
Shona       X
Temne/Temme/Themne       X
Tigrinya/Tigray/Tigraway       X
Barbadian/Bajan 2068-5     X
Dominica Islander 2070-1 X X  
Bermudan     X  
Cayman Islander     X  
U.S. Virgin Islander     X X
St Croix Islander     X  
St John Islander     X  
St Thomas Islander     X  
French West Indies     X  
Guadeloupe Islander     X  
Cayenne     X  
Caribbean Islander   Xa    
Antiguan/Burbudan     X  
Nevis Islander/ Kittitian/Nevisian     X X
Grenadian     X X
Vincent-Grenadine Islander     X  
St Lucia Islander/ Saint Lucian     X X
Afro     X  
Bahamian 2067-7   X X
Jamaican 2072-7 X X X
Haitian 2071-9 Xa X X
Tobagoan 2073-5 X    
Ethiopian 2062-8 X X X
Kenyan   X X X
Sierra Leonean   X X  
Somali   X X  
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander   2076-8 X   X
Polynesian 2078-4   X  
   Kapingamarangan     X  
   Maori     X X
Native Hawaiian/Hawaiian 2079-2   X X
   Part Hawaiian       X
Samoan 2080-0   X X
Tahitian 2081-8   X X
Tongan 2082-6   X X
Tokelauan 2083-4   X  
Micronesian 2085-9   X  
Other Pacific Islander 2500-7   X  
Guamanian or Chamorro       X
Guamanian 2087-5   X  
Chamorro 2088-3   X  
Mariana Islander 2089-1      
Marshallese 2090-9   X  
Palauan 2091-7   X  
Carolinian 2092-5   X  
Kosraean 2093-3   X  
Pohnpeian/Ponapean 2094-1   X  
Saipanese 2095-8   X  
Kiribati/Kirabatese 2096-6   X  
Chuukese/Trukese 2097-4   X  
Yapese 2098-2   X  
Melanesian 2100-6   X  
Fijian 2101-4   X X
Papua New Guinean 2102-2      
New Guinean     X  
Papuan     X  
Solomon Islander 2103-0   X  
New Hebrides 2104-8      
Australian     X X
   Tasmanian     X  
   Australian Aborigine     X  
New Zealander     X X
Cook Islander     X  
Niuean     X  
Nauruan     X  
Tarawa Islander     X  
Tinian Islander     X  
New Caledonian     X  
Vanuatuan     X  
Chamolinian     X  

a The Massachusetts Superset includes 31 ethnicity categories and additional "sub-ethnicities" that are not required for reporting but that an organization can collect, if useful. Acute care hospitals and health plans are required to report the basic Office of Management and Budget (OMB) race categories along with the 31 granular ethnicity categories noted in this table with a footnote (a).
b The Census Ancestry codes do not roll up to the OMB race and Hispanic ethnicity categories. There are grouped into more broad categories based on geography: Western Europe, Eastern Europe and Soviet Union, Europe, Hispanic (including Spain), West Indies (except Hispanic), Central and South America (except Hispanic), sub-Saharan African, South Asia, Other Asia, Pacific, and North America (except Hispanic).
c The Kaiser Permanente list also includes "Jew/Jewish."

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Page last reviewed October 2014
Page originally created September 2012
Internet Citation: Table E-1. Template of Granular Ethnicity Category Lists and Coding Schemes with Rollup to the OMB Race and Hispanic Ethnicity Categories. Content last reviewed October 2014. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldataaptabe1.html