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Table 2-2: Selected Characteristics of the Hispanic/Latino/Spanish Pop

Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Qu

Table 2-2. Selected Characteristics of the Hispanic/Latino/Spanish Population in the United States

Hispanic GroupsNumber
(in millions)
Percent of U.S. Hispanic PopulationPercent of U.S. PopulationNative Born (%)Speak a Language Other Than English at Home and Speak English Less Than "Very Well" (%)Less Than High School Graduationa (%)Poverty Rate (%)
Mexican20.959.37.458.543.154.223.5
Puerto Rican3.49.71.298.6b26.736.725.8
Cuban1.23.50.431.545.937.114.6
Central American1.85.10.624.556.854.019.9
Costa Ricanc(0.07)(0.2)     
Guatemalan(0.37)(1.1)     
Honduran(0.22)(0.6)     
Nicaraguan(0.18)(0.5)     
Panamanian(0.09)(0.3)     
Salvadoran(0.66)(1.9)     
Other(0.10)(0.3)     
South American1.44.00.523.447.623.915.0
Argentinean(0.10)(0.3)     
Bolivian(0.04)(0.1)     
Chilean(0.07)(0.2)     
Colombian(0.47)(1.3)     
Ecuadorian(0.26)(0.7)     
Paraguayan(0.01)(0.0)     
Peruvian(0.23)(0.7)     
Uruguayan(0.02)(0.1)     
Venezuelan(0.09)(0.3)     
Other South American(0.06)(0.2)     
Dominican0.82.20.331.853.748.927.5
Spaniard0.10.3-59.825.323.012.8
Other Hispanicc5.515.72.072.429.840.021.5
Total Hispanic35.3100NA59.840.647.622.6
Total U.S. Population281.4NA12.588.98.119.612.4

a Population 25 and older.
b Persons born in Puerto Rico are automatically U.S. citizens. In the case of Puerto Ricans, they are not considered foreign-born.
c Includes general responses such as Hispanic, Spanish, and Latino.

Source: Ramirez, 2004.

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Page last reviewed March 2010
Internet Citation: Table 2-2: Selected Characteristics of the Hispanic/Latino/Spanish Pop: Race, Ethnicity, and Language Data: Standardization for Health Care Qu. March 2010. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/iomracereport/reldatatab2-2.html