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Appendix A: Methods of Seeking Input About the Potential for Measuring Care Coordination Using Electronic Data Sources

Prospects for Care Coordination Measurement Using Electronic Data Sources

Our primary means for exploring how care coordination might be measured in novel ways using data from electronic data sources was through discussion with a panel of experts. Details of the panel selection process and discussions are outlined below. We also investigated additional sources that panelists suggested would help inform our discussion, and consulted with additional informants who provided background information and feedback on conclusions from the panel review. We synthesized information learned from all these sources and present results and conclusions in this report.

 

Panelist Selection

The project team sought to assemble a panel of experts in electronic data sources that might be used today or in the near future to measure care coordination. To identify these experts, we first sought the input of AHRQ, which has an extensive research portfolio in health IT. We received a list of AHRQ-recommended individuals and began our outreach with these potential participants. As we progressed through initial calls and learned of additional potential avenues to explore, we grew the list of individuals we sought to engage in the panel. These additional means of identifying potential panelists included:

  • Association with reports, workgroups, or other materials reviewed as part of our background research.
  • Referrals from other panelists.
  • Referrals from individuals we contacted, but who were unable to participate in the panel themselves.
  • Web research for individuals associated with organizations of interest.

The following individuals participated in our expert panel review and have agreed to have their names appear in this report.

Table A-1. Expert Panelists and Affiliations

PanelistPositionAffiliation
Hunt BlairDeputy Commissioner, Division of Health Reform & State Health Information Technology CoordinatorDepartment of Vermont Health Access
Carmella BocchinoExecutive Vice PresidentAmerica's Health Insurance Plans
Keri Christensen, M.S.Senior Policy Analyst, Performance ImprovementAmerican Medical Association
Joanne Cuny, R.N., M.B.A.Director, PCPI Measure Testing and Quality ImprovementAmerican Medical Association
Aaron N. Cutshall, M.S.C.I.S.Senior Data ArchitectIndiana Health Information Exchange
Floyd Eisenberg, M.D., M.P.H., FACPSenior Vice President for Health Information TechnologyNational Quality Forum
J. Michael Fitzmaurice, Ph.D., FACMISenior Science Advisor for Information Technology, Office of the DirectorAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Valerie Fong, R.N., M.S.N.Senior Manager, Care Delivery TransitionsKaiser Permanente
Craig Jones, M.D.DirectorVermont Blueprint for Health
Melanie P. Mastanduno, B.S.N., M.P.H.Director, Population Health MeasurementThe Dartmouth Institute of Health Policy and Clinical Practice
Patrick Miller, M.P.H.Research Associate Professor; Co-Chair, All-Payer Claims Database CouncilNew Hampshire Institute for Health Policy and Practice
Jon D. Morrow, M.D.Senior Medical Leader, Clinical Data ServicesGE Healthcare
Wilson D. Pace, M.D., FAAFPProfessor, Green-Edelman Chair for Practice-based ResearchUniversity of Colorado School of Medicine
L. Greg Pawlson, M.D., M.P.H.Executive Director of Quality InnovationsBlueCross BlueShield Association
Fred Rachman, M.D.CEOAlliance of Chicago Community Health Services
Elizabeth Schofield, B.S.N., M.B.A.Clinical Product SpecialistSiemens Medical Solutions
Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.Research Medical OfficerAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Paul Tang, M.D., M.S.Chief Innovation and Technology OfficerPalo Alto Medical Foundation
Charlene S. Underwood, M.B.A., FHIMSSSenior Director, Government and Industry AffairsSiemens Healthcare

*One individual who was unable to be publicly affiliated with this work represented an additional health IT solutions vendor perspective. Additional panelists who do not appear above represent a payer perspective and national-level involvement and expertise with Meaningful Use.

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Conference Calls

The expert panel review process consisted of individual calls held over approximately 3 months, followed by two group panel discussions.

We held 19 individual calls with panelists during the period of April through July 2011. Each call was between 30 and 60 minutes in length. The team spoke with a total of 21 panelists through these initial calls. These calls were geared toward information gathering and were tailored to each individual's area of expertise. Information we sought from most individuals included:

  • Feasibility of measuring care coordination processes using electronic data.
  • Anticipated time horizon for care coordination measurement using electronic data.
  • Most promising possibilities (near-term and long-term) for care coordination measurement using electronic data.
  • Challenges in using electronic data for care coordination measurement.
  • Data elements typically available in health IT systems.
  • Format (structured vs. unstructured) and accessibility of key data elements.
  • Standards for coding or capturing key data elements within health IT systems.

The project team convened two 2-hour group conference calls in July 2011. Each call had unique participants with an identical agenda that included background material (Appendix B). A project team member moderated the calls guided by the call agenda and the particular comments and discussion of each call. The distribution and participation of panelists across the two calls was based solely on the panelists' availability. A total of 14 individuals participated in one of the two group calls.

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Limitations

We assembled our panel of experts by soliciting recommendations from AHRQ based on a list of desired expertise areas, then used a "snowball" technique to identify additional informants by asking each panelist we spoke with for recommendations of other experts or organizations to contact. While effective in covering our desired expertise areas, this method is limited in its reliance on personal contacts. Although not within scope of expertise sought, additional perspectives from provider organization operations, finance administrators, and front-line clinicians may have supplemented our findings in useful ways.

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Current as of March 2012
Internet Citation: Appendix A: Methods of Seeking Input About the Potential for Measuring Care Coordination Using Electronic Data Sources: Prospects for Care Coordination Measurement Using Electronic Data Sources. March 2012. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/prospectscare/prospectsapa.html