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Table 1B: Supply of Physicians in States without Caps on Malpractice Awards for Noneconomic Damages: 1970-2000

Impact of State Laws Limiting Malpractice Awards on Geographic Distribution of Physicians

a

States without caps in 2000Year cap law was passedDoctors per 100,000 county residents in 1970Doctors per 100,000 county residents in 2000Percent increase in supply of doctors
Alabama1987, overturned4598117.8%
Arizonano cap6812076.5%
Arkansasno cap529276.9%
Connecticutno cap136273100.7%
Delawareno cap100203100.3%
Florida1988, overturned75150100%
Georgiano cap51104103.9%
Illinois1995, overturned6210874.2%
Iowano cap698929.0%
Kentuckyno cap539986.8%
Maineno cap85196129.1%
Minnesotano cap7512668.0%
Mississippibno cap519484.3%
Nebraskano cap6111385.3%
Nevadabno cap779624.7%
New Hampshireno cap14126386.5%
New Jerseyno cap115250117.4%
New Yorkno cap12821265.6%
North Carolinano cap72153112.5%
Ohioboverturned twice6712079.1%
Oklahomano cap547335.2%
Oregon1987, overturned7914887.3%
Pennsylvaniano cap95192102.1%
Rhode Islandno cap99299202.0%
South Carolinano cap56128128.6%
Tennesseeno cap50106112.0%
Texasb1977, overturned608948.3%
Vermontno cap11723197.4%
Washington1986, overturned7714284.4%
Wyomingno cap8113566.7%
Average supply of doctors in all States without caps in 20006712079.1%

a The term 'overturned' indicates that the State's Supreme Court found the cap on noneconomic damages to be unconstitutional.
bCap later passed in 2002 or 2003.

Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures,10, 33 American Tort Reform Association, 34 McCullough, Campbell and Lane, 35 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 22 and the 2002 Area Resource File of the Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Page last reviewed July 2003
Internet Citation: Table 1B: Supply of Physicians in States without Caps on Malpractice Awards for Noneconomic Damages: 1970-2000: Impact of State Laws Limiting Malpractice Awards on Geographic Distribution of Physicians. July 2003. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/tortcaps/torttab1b.html