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Appendix B: Tables (continued, 3)

Women at High Risk for Diabetes: Access and Quality of Health Care, 20

Appendix B (continued)

Table 5a. Age-standardized percentage of women at high risk for diabetes who received preventive care,a by race/ethnicity, United States, 2003-2006

CategoryMeasuresPercentZ-score, vs. white
Non-Hispanic whiteNon-Hispanic blackMexican AmericanTotalcBlackMexican American
Access to carebWomen ages 18-64 with any type of insurance during the year87.478.348.385.6-3.42-11.89
Women ages 18-64 with any private insurance during the year75.153.733.270.5-7.72-14.35
Women ages 18-64 with only public insurance during the year12.224.314.914.95.321.08
Women ages 18-64 uninsured all year, 2003-2004 data only7.011.941.77.82.1112.77
Women ages 18-64 with any period of public insurance during the year19.527.117.021.32.82-0.85
General health and well-beingWomen ages 18-64 with any period of uninsurance during the year19.729.859.721.73.8313.61
Women age 18 and over who reported fair or poor health in the past year13.225.635.915.34.7310.56
Women age 18 and over with physical and mental health limitations5.0*3.34.4*-1.64
Women age 18 and over who are current smokers23.017.411.221.5-2.17-6.53
Women age 18 and over who had at least 12 alcohol drinks/1 yr67.346.349.163.2-5.00-5.00
Women age 18 and over who have alcohol at least 1 day per year68.250.052.065.0-5.51-5.27
Specific to cardiovascular diseaseWomen age 18 and over who drink alcohol, mean number of alcoholic drinks per week in the past 12 months2.22.51.32.30.46-3.18
Women age 18 and over whose provider measured their blood pressure within the past 2 years-2003-2004 data only97.197.790.597.30.52-3.61
Women age 18 and over who had a lipid profile in the past 2 years60.160.442.860.50.12-5.86
Women age 18 and over whose LDL cholesterol was less than 130 mg/dL61.469.169.763.22.032.78
Women age 18 and over who exercise 150 minutes/week25.022.821.225.0-1.01-1.50
Obese women who were told that they were overweight69.859.955.667.3-3.00-3.97
Obese women with high cholesterol who were given advice that they should exercise for cholesterol reduction78.083.590.079.10.882.20
Obese women with high cholesterol who were given advice about eating fewer high-fat or high-cholesterol foods for cholesterol reduction84.185.394.484.20.282.09
Women age 18 and over with activity limitation in the past year1.71.81.81.70.763.02
New measuresWomen age 18 and over who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had hypertension31.540.525.132.93.56-2.43
Women age 18 and over who had a specific source of ongoing care92.694.278.892.91.39-5.61
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is clinic or health center15.020.543.315.91.648.47
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is doctor's office or health maintenance organization82.471.951.580.4-3.15-9.96
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is hospital outpatient department1.57.3*2.75.53*
Women age 18 and over who reported an office or outpatient visit in the past 12 months91.990.179.091.7-1.34-5.91
Women age 18 and over who reported an inpatient discharge in the past 12 months13.514.714.213.60.700.35
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight in the past 12 months60.152.651.658.6-2.17-2.91
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight by dieting in the past 12 months52.550.046.551.9-0.84-2.06
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight by exercising in the past 12 months39.937.831.839.6-0.63-2.45

a Estimates are adjusted to the age distribution of the 2000 Census population. Denominator excluded all missing values.
b The Health Insurance questionnaire was completely redesigned for 2005-2006. In addition, it used to be administered at the family level where one reference person in the family responded for each individual survey participant (SP) in the family. Now SPs respond for themselves, except in situations where a proxy is needed. The questions are no longer entirely comparable to the questions provided in 2003-2004 and earlier.
c Total = Women at high risk plus women not at high risk.
* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.
The degree of freedom for denominator is 30. Z-scores are formatted to bold if the difference between estimates is significant at 0.05 level.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 5b. Age-standardized percentage of women at high risk for diabetes who received preventive care,a by education, United States, 2003-2006

CategoryMeasuresPercentZ-score, vs. college
Less than high schoolHigh schoolMore than high schoolLess than high schoolHigh school
Access to carebWomen ages 18-64 with any type of insurance during the year59.479.287.9-8.69-3.18
Women ages 18-64 with any private insurance during the year37.761.776.3-10.17-4.52
Women ages 18-64 with only public insurance during the year21.517.511.53.793.27
Women ages 18-64 uninsured all year, 2003-2004 data only29.012.96.56.632.55
Women ages 18-64 with any period of public insurance during the year24.022.818.61.841.56
General health and well-beingWomen ages 18-64 with any period of uninsurance during the year47.229.619.08.203.49
Women age 18 and over who reported fair or poor health in the past year35.017.010.98.812.87
Women age 18 and over with physical and mental health limitations**4.5**
Women age 18 and over who are current smokers25.227.314.94.234.24
Women age 18 and over who had at least 12 alcohol drinks/1 yr52.658.865.6-3.71-1.56
Women age 18 and over who have alcohol at least 1 day per year51.461.269.3-4.85-1.91
Specific to cardiovascular diseaseWomen age 18 and over who drink alcohol, mean number of alcoholic drinks per week in the past 12 months3.52.02.02.06-0.02
Women age 18 and over whose provider measured their blood pressure within the past 2 years-2003-2004 data only94.093.298.0-2.76-2.64
Women age 18 and over who had a lipid profile in the past 2 years48.655.264.6-5.77-3.10
Women age 18 and over whose LDL cholesterol was less than 130 mg/dL69.160.563.81.23-0.94
Women age 18 and over who exercise 150 minutes/week25.626.724.90.240.74
Obese women who were told that they were overweight58.960.073.8-4.07-3.92
Obese women with high cholesterol who were given advice that they should exercise for cholesterol reduction87.771.782.90.96-1.51
Obese women with high cholesterol who were given advice about eating fewer high-fat or high-cholesterol foods for cholesterol reduction91.084.383.81.730.08
Women age 18 and over with activity limitation in the past year1.71.71.8-2.86-1.51
New measuresWomen age 18 and over who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had hypertension33.031.531.20.740.11
Women age 18 and over who had a specific source of ongoing care86.189.193.8-4.43-3.41
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is clinic or health center33.318.015.04.941.02
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is doctor's office or health maintenance organization61.576.082.9-5.59-2.31
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is hospital outpatient department4.85.11.04.054.55
Women age 18 and over who reported an office or outpatient visit in the past 12 months85.791.691.9-3.52-0.17
Women age 18 and over who reported an inpatient discharge in the past 12 months14.813.812.61.140.55
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight in the past 12 months46.957.563.0-5.63-2.46
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight by dieting in the past 12 months43.150.055.5-4.73-2.58
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight by exercising in the past 12 months25.537.044.4-6.67-2.65

a Estimates are adjusted to the age distribution of the 2000 Census population. Denominator excluded all missing values.
b The Health Insurance questionnaire was completely redesigned for 2005-2006. In addition, it used to be administered at the family level where one reference person in the family responded for each individual survey participant (SP) in the family. Now SPs respond for themselves, except in situations where a proxy is needed. The questions are no longer entirely comparable to the questions provided in 2003-2004 and earlier.
* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.
The degree of freedom for denominator is 30. Z-scores are formatted to bold if the difference between estimates is significant at 0.05 level.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

Table 5c. Age-standardized percentage of women at high risk for diabetes who received preventive care,a by family income,b United States, 2003-2006

CategoryMeasuresPercentZ-score, vs. high income
Negative/poorNear poor/lowMiddle incomeHigh incomeNegative/poorNear poor/lowMiddle income
Access to carecWomen ages 18-64 with any type of insurance during the year60.965.685.296.5-9.31-10.58-5.53
Women ages 18-64 with any private insurance during the year24.943.976.490.9-20.43-15.10-5.74
Women ages 18-64 with only public insurance during the year35.721.68.75.69.295.451.73
Women ages 18-64 uninsured all year, 2003-2004 data only23.325.58.6****
Women ages 18-64 with any period of public insurance during the year38.325.014.814.56.122.900.09
General health and well-beingWomen ages 18-64 with any period of uninsurance during the year48.743.622.08.48.9412.425.27
Women age 18 and over who reported fair or poor health in the past year34.925.614.26.811.617.193.72
Women age 18 and over with physical and mental health limitations***4.7***
Women age 18 and over who are current smokers34.419.319.813.56.002.012.22
Women age 18 and over who had at least 12 alcohol drinks/1 yr54.051.065.369.6-3.65-4.74-1.17
Women age 18 and over who have alcohol at least 1 day per year49.155.366.774.9-6.01-5.88-2.52
Specific to cardiovascular diseaseWomen age 18 and over who drink alcohol, mean number of alcoholic drinks per week in the past 12 months2.02.92.31.70.741.752.15
Women age 18 and over whose provider measured their blood pressure within the past 2 years-2003-2004 data only92.192.197.899.0-2.55-3.65-0.92
Women age 18 and over who had a lipid profile in the past 2 years47.153.060.269.2-6.03-4.27-2.35
Women age 18 and over whose LDL cholesterol was less than 130 mg/dL65.569.960.264.20.251.16-0.80
Women age 18 and over who exercise 150 minutes/week26.024.626.221.91.300.991.45
Obese women who were told that they were overweight58.762.266.876.3-3.84-3.01-2.12
Obese women with high cholesterol who were given advice that they should exercise for cholesterol reduction83.282.976.481.70.140.15-0.62
Obese women with high cholesterol who were given advice about eating fewer high-fat or high-cholesterol foods for cholesterol reduction93.286.873.790.80.49-0.82-3.30
Women age 18 and over with activity limitation in the past year1.61.71.81.8-8.28-5.23-1.86
New measuresWomen age 18 and over who have ever been told by a doctor or other health professional that they had hypertension30.232.929.832.6-0.640.10-0.83
Women age 18 and over who had a specific source of ongoing care86.088.292.194.4-3.57-3.62-1.42
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is clinic or health center32.925.215.312.25.003.781.04
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is doctor's office or health maintenance organization61.069.080.987.0-6.00-4.67-2.19
Women age 18 and over whose source of ongoing care is hospital outpatient department5.34.52.7****
Women age 18 and over who reported an office or outpatient visit in the past 12 months86.284.593.493.7-3.88-5.12-0.20
Women age 18 and over who reported an inpatient discharge in the past 12 months15.014.211.912.01.271.00-0.05
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight in the past 12 months50.352.560.465.0-4.18-3.89-1.50
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight by dieting in the past 12 months44.647.854.455.5-2.95-2.35-0.37
Women age 18 and over who tried to lose weight by exercising in the past 12 months29.033.240.745.7-4.67-3.66-1.51

a Estimates are adjusted to the age distribution of the 2000 Census population. Denominator excluded all missing values.
b Negative/poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over.
c The Health Insurance questionnaire was completely redesigned for 2005-2006. In addition, it used to be administered at the family level where one reference person in the family responded for each individual survey participant (SP) in the family. Now SPs respond for themselves, except in situations where a proxy is needed. The questions are no longer entirely comparable to the questions provided in 2003-2004 and earlier.
* Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.
The degree of freedom for denominator is 30. Z-scores are formatted to bold if the difference between estimates is significant at 0.05 level.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

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Page last reviewed January 2011
Internet Citation: Appendix B: Tables (continued, 3): Women at High Risk for Diabetes: Access and Quality of Health Care, 20. January 2011. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/women-and-diabetes-2003-2006/wmhrdiabapb2.html