Immunization

Women With Diabetes: Quality of Health Care, 2004-2005

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommends that almost all people with diabetes be immunized against influenza annually.56 For pneumococcal vaccination, ACIP recommends that people be immunized once with a repeat vaccination for people age 65 and over. People with diabetes are more susceptible to these conditions and their complications than those who without diabetes.56 National surveillance data show that there is no significant sex difference for coverage of the influenza and pneumoccocal vaccination and that the prevalence of influenza and pneumococcal vaccination is low among people with diabetes who are younger than age 65.57,58

Women who received an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months, by diagnosed diabetes status and gender, 2005

Bar charts show percentage of women who received an influenza vaccination in the past 12 months. By diagnosed diabetes status: Women with diagnosed diabetes, 50%; women without diabetes, 22%; all women, 24%. By gender: Women with diagnosed diabetes: Total, 50%; Ages 18-44, 33%; Ages 45-66, 43%; Age 65 and over, 65%. Men with diagnosed diabetes: Total, 44%; Ages 18-44, 26%; Ages 45-66, 35%; Age 65 and over, 67%.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2005.

Appendix table number: Tables 24a and 24b.

  • Women with diagnosed diabetes were significantly more likely than women without diabetes to have received an influenza vaccination. However, only about half (49.7%) of women with diagnosed diabetes reported receiving a vaccination.
  • At ages 45-64 years, women with diagnosed diabetes were significantly more likely than men with diagnosed diabetes to have received an influenza vaccination. No significant difference was found between women and men with diagnosed diabetes overall, or in the youngest and oldest age groups.
  • Overall, fewer than 2 out of 5 women and men with diagnosed diabetes younger than age 65 reported receiving an influenza vaccination in the past year.

Women who received a pneumococcal vaccination in the past 12 months, by diagnosed diabetes status and gender, 2005

Bar charts show percentage of women who received a pneumococcal vaccination in the past 12 months. By diagnosed diabetes status: Women with diagnosed diabetes, 47%; women without diabetes, 16%; all women, 18%. By gender: Women with diagnosed diabetes: Total, 47%; Ages 18-44, 21%; Ages 45-66, 40%; Age 65 and over, 65%. Men with diagnosed diabetes: Total, 39%; Ages 18-44, 25%; Ages 45-66, 28%; Age 65 and over, 61%.

Source: National Health Interview Survey, 2005.

Appendix table number: Tables 25a and 25b

  • Women with diagnosed diabetes were significantly more likely than women without diabetes to have received a pneumococcal vaccination.
  • Among adults ages 45-64, women with diagnosed diabetes were significantly more likely than men with diagnosed diabetes to report having received a pneumococcal vaccination. No significant differences were found between women and men with diagnosed diabetes in the age groups 18-44 or 65 and over.
  • Overall, fewer than 2 out of 5 women and men with diagnosed diabetes younger than age 65 reported receiving a pneumococcal vaccination.
Current as of November 2008
Internet Citation: Immunization: Women With Diabetes: Quality of Health Care, 2004-2005. November 2008. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/final-reports/women-and-diabetes-2004-2005/wmdiab9.html