2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report

2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report

Chapter 2, Text Descriptions for Figures (continued)

Figure 2.39. Adults age 65 and over who reported having influenza vaccination in the past 12 months, by race/ethnicity and income, 2000-2010

Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Total 64.6 63.2 65.9 65.6 64.7 59.7 64.3 66.8 67.3 67 63.6
Hispanic 55.6 52.2 49.4 46.6 54.6 43.5 45.5 53.1 55.5 56.7 54
Black 48.2 47.6 49.8 48.3 46.2 39.7 48.6 56.3 51 53.4 52.5
White 66.6 65.4 68.8 68.6 67.2 63 67.2 69.3 70 69.1 65.7

 

Income 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
High Income 69.3 67.1 71.4 67.9 69.8 62.8 70.7 72.7 73 68.9 71.8
Middle Income 67.7 66.5 68.7 69.3 67.1 62.2 65 67.3 67.4 69.2 64.9
Low Income 60.1 58.8 61.8 62.5 61.7 55.7 60.6 61.4 63.3 63.7 56.8
Poor 55.4 53 53.8 55.2 52.2 52.6 56.3 59.7 57.1 60.4 50.5

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2000-2010.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 65 and over.
Note: Age adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Benchmark is derived from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; go to Chapter 1, Introduction and Methods, for details. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.40. State variation in disparities related to education: adults age 65 and over who reported having influenza vaccination in the past 12 months, 2010

Quartile States
Largest Disparity Quartile California, Kansas, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Mississippi, Alabama, Virginia, South Carolina, Florida, New Jersey
Second Quartile North Dakota, Nebraska, Iowa, Arkansas, Louisiana, Michigan, Georgia, Maryland, Delaware, New York, Vermont, Connecticut
Third Quartile Oregon, Idaho, Colorado, South Dakota, Missouri, Texas, Wisconsin, Tennessee, West Virginia, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Maine
Smallest Disparity Quartile Washington, Montana, Wyoming, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Oklahoma, Massachusetts, New Hampshire
Missing Alaska

Key: Largest Disparity Quartile identifies States with the largest relative difference in rates of influenza vaccination between adults with less than a high school education and adults who graduated from college; Smallest Disparity Quartile identifies States with the smallest relative differences in rates of influenza vaccination between adults with less than a high school education and adults who graduated from college.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2010.

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Figure 2.41. Hospital patients with pneumonia who received recommended hospital care, by race/ethnicity, 2007-2010.

Race/Ethnicity 2007 2008 2009 2010
Total 87.0 89.8 92.9 94.3
White 87.8 90.7 93.3 94.8
Black 84.5 87.6 91.0 93.1
Hispanic 82.1 85.2 91.6 90.9
AI/AN 83.2 84.8 87.9 89.8
Asian 83.2 87.6 91.9 94.0

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare Quality Improvement Organization Program, 2007-2010.
Denominator: Patients hospitalized with a principal discharge diagnosis of pneumonia or a principal discharge diagnosis of either septicemia or respiratory failure and secondary diagnosis of pneumonia.
Note: White, Black, AI/AN, and Asian groups are non-Hispanic; Hispanic includes all races. Recommended care includes initial antibiotics within 6 hours of hospital arrival, antibiotics consistent with current recommendations, blood culture before antibiotics are administered, influenza vaccination status assessment or provision, and pneumococcal vaccination status assessment or provision.

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Figure 2.42. Patients with tuberculosis who completed a curative course of treatment within 1 year of initiation of treatment, by race/ethnicity and place of birth, 2000-2008

Year White Black API Hispanic
2000 81.2 80.7 78.6 79.9
2001 82.2 81.2 80.4 78.5
2002 83.1 80.8 81.3 79.5
2003 82.8 81.8 81.8 80.1
2004 83.9 82.9 83.3 80.0
2005 83.7 83.6 81.5 82.5
2006 85.2 83.3 84.5 81.8
2007 85 86.7 83.4 82.6
2008 87.6 86.4 85.1 81.4

 

Year Total Foreign Born
2000 80.2 79.1
2001 80.5 80.0
2002 80.9 80.9
2003 81.5 81.4
2004 82.3 81.7
2005 82.8 81.9
2006 83.5 83.4
2007 84.4 83.4
2008 84.7 83.3

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander.
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Tuberculosis Surveillance System, 2000-2008.
Denominator: U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population treated for tuberculosis.
Note: White, Black, and API are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.43. Patients with tuberculosis who completed a curative course of treatment within 1 year of initiation of treatment, by Asian and Pacific Islander and Hispanic granular ethnicities, 2008

Ethnicity Percentage
Korean 83.3
Vietnamese 84.4
Asian Indian 84.5
Filipino 85.3
Chinese 85.9
Other Asian 85.7
Native Hawaiian 82.4
Other Pacific Islander 80.9

 

Ethnicity Percentage
Mexican 79.4
Cuban 91.9
Puerto Rican 93.8
Other Hispanic 86.2

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Tuberculosis Surveillance System, 2008.
Denominator: U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population treated for tuberculosis.

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Figure 2.44. People with current asthma who report taking preventive asthma medicine daily or almost daily, by race/ethnicity and income, 2003-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 29.6 29.7 31.2 30.9 28.3 25.9 25.1
White 29.7 30.9 34.5 33.9 29.8 28.0 27
Black 29.8 30.6 28.4 25.6 26.3 20.2 22.3
Hispanic 29.5 27.3 21.6 23.0 25.0 24.5 21.7

 

Income 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
High Income 35 33.9 37.7 32 32.8 30.1 30.7
Middle Income 29.3 26.6 29.1 29.8 29.8 24.4 23.7
Low Income 25.1 26.7 27.3 28.3 23.8 24.6 23.9
Poor 27.9 30.5 25.9 31.5 23 23.5 20.1

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2003-2009.
Denominator: Noninstitutionalized population with asthma.
Note: Age adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. People with current asthma reported that they still had asthma or had an asthma attack in the last 12 months. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.45. People with current asthma who received a written asthma management plan from their health provider, by race, ethnicity, income, education, and activity limitation, 2009

Race/Ethnicity / Income / Education / Limitation Asthma Management
Total 33.4
White 32.3
Black 41.7
Asian 39.2
>1 Race 30.6
Non-Hispanic White 32.7
Hispanic 28.4
Poor 30.9
Low Income 32.4
Middle Income 35.4
High Income 35.0
<High School 24.5
High School Grad 26.8
Any College 33.3
Basic 35.6
Complex 28.6
Neither 32.3

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 2009.
Denominator: Patients with current asthma.
Note: Estimates are age adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Health insurance refers to adults under age 65. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.46. Adult current smokers with a checkup in the last 12 months who received advice from a doctor to quit smoking, by race/ethnicity and education 2002-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 63.1 65.3 63.1 63.4 62.7 65.1 64.5 67.6
White 64.8 66.4 64.2 64.6 63.0 65.0 66.1 70.5
Black 62.3 62.2 61.5 61.0 64.8 67.3 58.7 60.5
Hispanic 52.0 57.2 55.7 58.5 54.2 56.1 55.6 56.6

 

Education 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
<High School 62.3 67.5 64.0 63.9 64.2 65.0 62.7 63.1
High School Grad 62.6 63.3 62.4 64.9 63.7 63.0 63.2 65.3
Any College 63.9 64.6 63.5 61.5 60.9 67.0 66.5 72.8

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized adult current smokers who had a checkup in the last 12 months.

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Figure 2.47. Adults with obesity age 20 and over who reported being told by a doctor they were overweight, by race/ethnicity and education, 2007-2010

Race/Ethnicity / Education 2007-2010
Total 35
White 33
Black 47
Mexican American 41
<High School 38
High School Grad 38
Any College 34

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Denominator: People age 20 and over with a body mass index of 30 or greater.
Note: Estimates are age adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Total and race/ethnicity are adjusted using three age groups: 20-44, 45-64, and 65 and over; education is also adjusted using three age groups 25-44, 45-64, and 65 and over. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups.

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Figure 2.48. Obese children and teens ages 2-19 who were told by a doctor or health professional that they were obese, by race/ethnicity and income, 2007-2010

Race/Ethnicity / Income 2007-2010
Total 45
White 41
Black 51
Mexican American 48
Poor 46
Low Income 50
Middle Income 42
High Income 38

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Denominator: U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population ages 2-19 who were obese.
Note: Obese children are identified using age- and sex-specific reference data from the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention body mass index (BMI) for age growth charts. Children with BMI values at or above the 95th percentile of the sex-specific BMI growth charts are categorized as obese. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups.

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Figure 2.49. Adults with obesity who ever received advice from a health provider to exercise more, by race/ethnicity and income, 2002-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 55.6 57.0 57.2 56.7 57.1 57.9 57.4 59.1
White 57.5 59.0 60.1 59.7 58.8 58.7 57.8 59.1
Black 55.8 56.6 55.1 56.3 56.8 60.8 54.7 58.5
Hispanic 45.9 49.7 47.4 46.5 50.8 52.8 57.2 59.4

 

Income 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Poor 49.6 53.1 51.8 50.2 50.3 53.2 57.0 56.4
Low Income 51.1 50.8 52.6 50.7 54.9 52.0 55.5 56.2
Middle Income 54.9 57.0 57.3 57.9 55.2 56.2 55.4 59.4
High Income 61.4 62.9 61.6 61.6 62.6 64.2 61.1 62.1

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 18 and over.
Note: Obesity is defined as a body mass index of 30 or higher. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.50. Adults with obesity who did not spend half an hour or more in moderate or vigorous physical activity at least three times a week, by race/ethnicity and education, 2002-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 54.3 54.3 53.0 52.0 52.3 53.3 53.1 51.7
White 52.7 53.2 53.0 51.7 51.7 52.4 51.6 51.1
Black 58.3 56.2 51.7 50.6 51.7 50.7 53.0 52.1
Hispanic 59.7 54.3 54.7 54.6 55.1 57.9 58.4 54.1

 

Education 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
<High School 58.6 58.4 58.0 58.3 57.5 57.9 59.5 56.8
High School Grad 52.9 53.2 53.7 52.5 52.0 53.9 53.9 53.9
Any College 52.2 52.4 49.8 48.5 49.5 50.1 49.6 48.0

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 18 and over.
Note: White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.51. Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider gave advice within the past 2 years about exercise, by race/ethnicity and income, 2002-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 30.0 29.3 31.0 31.9 34.6 36.2 33.5 34.7
White 30.5 29.5 30.1 32.1 33.2 36.8 32.2 35.2
Black 30.5 27.7 31.5 31.5 36.9 34.7 34.7 31.7
Hispanic 30.4 32.5 34.2 34.3 37.8 36.0 36.3 36.8

 

Income 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Poor 27.5 29.8 29.3 29.1 33.7 35.6 32.0 32.0
Low Income 26.7 24.5 28.9 32.4 33.6 33.2 31.4 32.9
Middle Income 28.2 27.2 29.2 30.4 31.0 33.4 31.9 32.8
High Income 36.4 35.0 35.6 35.2 39.9 41.6 38.6 40.3

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population ages 2-17.
Note: Exercise advice includes the amount and kind of sports or physically active hobbies children should engage in. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.52. Adults with obesity who ever received advice from a health provider about eating fewer high-fat or high-cholesterol foods, by race/ethnicity and education, 2002-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 47.7 48.3 47.4 48.1 48.5 50.0 49.2 51.3
White 49.3 49.7 49.9 50.9 50.1 50.2 48.7 50.4
Black 46.7 47.4 44.7 47.1 45.8 51.3 48.0 50.3
Hispanic 38.6 44.3 41.0 40.9 45.7 48.1 53.0 56.7

 

Education 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
<High School 42.1 45.3 45.0 43.4 43.3 44.5 49.1 52.0
High School Grad 46.4 45.2 45.5 45.2 47.4 47.2 46.0 47.6
Any College 52.0 52.7 50.8 53.2 52.0 54.9 51.7 53.6

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 18 and over.
Note: Obesity is defined as a body mass index of 30 or higher. White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.53. Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider ever gave advice about healthy eating, by race/ethnicity and household income, 2002-2009

Race/Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Total 46.9 47.5 48.7 50.1 51.4 52.8 49.6 49.5
White 47.2 48.1 48.0 50.7 50.5 53.7 49.0 49.0
Black 49.3 47.1 49.4 51.7 54.1 52.5 52.6 50.3
Hispanic 45.5 48.0 51.0 48.9 52.0 51.4 49.7 51.8

 

Household Income 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Poor 42.4 47.1 48.0 47.4 51.7 53.7 52.2 49.8
Low Income 44.1 42.2 44.9 46.7 47.1 47.5 45.4 48.7
Middle Income 44.3 45.5 45.9 49.1 50.7 49.3 46.1 46.5
High Income 55.1 54.1 55.5 55.5 55.0 59.6 56.0 53.6

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population ages 2-17.
Note: White and Black are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races.

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Figure 2.54. Adult home health care patients whose ability to walk or move around improved, by race and ethnicity, 2010

Race 2010
Total 54.4
White 55.6
Black 51.2
NHOPI 55.1
>1 Race 52.1

 

Ethnicity 2010
Non-Hispanic White 55.6
Hispanic 48.1

Key: NHOPI = Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS), 2010.
Denominator: Adult nonmaternity patients completing an episode of skilled home health care and not already performing at the highest level at the start of the episode, according to the OASIS question on ambulation.
Note: Starting January 1, 2010, the patient assessment instrument for home health agencies was changed to OASIS-C and ambulation improvement is measured differently than with the previous version of the assessment instrument. Therefore, we are presenting only 2010 data.

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Figure 2.55. Long-stay nursing home residents whose need for help with daily activities increased, by race/ethnicity, 2000-2010

Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
White 16.3 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.5 16.4 16.8 16.2 16.4 16.0 15.6
Black 13.8 13.9 14.1 14.1 14.6 14.6 15.3 14.9 15.2 14.8 14.7
API 13.9 13.8 12.7 13.1 12.7 13.1 13.3 13.0 13.0 12.1 12.2
AI/AN 14.7 13.6 14.2 14.7 14.1 14.4 14.1 14.3 14.9 15.0 14.6
Hispanic 13.9 14.3 14.2 14.3 14.2 13.8 14.6 14.1 15.0 15.1 14.7

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Minimum Data Set, 2000-2010. Data are from the third quarter of each calendar year.
Denominator: All long-stay residents in Medicare- or Medicaid-certified nursing home facilities.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. White, Black, API, and AI/AN are non-Hispanic groups. Hispanic includes all races. On October 1, 2010, CMS required nursing homes to begin using the Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0. The figure uses the earlier MDS 2.0 instrument, which includes data from the first 9 months of 2010

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Figure 2.56. FIM scores at admission and discharge and changes in total functional gain among patients with all diagnoses in inpatient rehabilitation facilities, by race/ethnicity, 2004-2011

White 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Admission Score 71.8 69.8 67.9 66.6 65.8 64.7 64.3 63.9
Discharge Score 97.6 96.6 95.2 94.5 94.3 94 94.2 94.5
Gain 25.8 26.8 27.3 27.9 28.5 29.3 29.9 30.7

 

Black 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Admission Score 69.2 67.6 65.7 64.1 63.4 62.5 62.2 62.0
Discharge Score 93.9 92.9 91.4 90.5 90.2 89.9 90.4 90.7
Gain 24.6 25.3 25.7 26.3 26.8 27.4 28.2 28.8

 

Asian 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Admission Score 66.1 65.2 64.9 63.1 62.5 61.2 61.1 60.5
Discharge Score 93.4 91.3 90.6 89.2 89.2 88.9 89.3 89.3
Gain 27.2 26.0 25.6 26.2 26.7 27.7 28.3 28.9

 

Hispanic 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Admission Score 69.3 66.5 64.5 63.6 61.6 60.4 59.9 60.0
Discharge Score 94.5 92.7 90.9 90.2 89.2 88.7 89.1 89.6
Gain 25.2 26.2 26.4 26.6 27.5 28.3 29.3 29.7

Key: FIM = Functional Independence Measure.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Inpatient Rehabilitation Facility Patient Assessment Instrument, 2004-2011.
Denominator: All Medicare patients in an inpatient rehabilitation facility for initial rehabilitation and discharged to the community (home, board and care, transitional living, or assisted living).
Note: White, Black, and Asian are non-Hispanic.

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Figure 2.57. Adult home health care patients who had less shortness of breath between the start and end of a home health care episode, by race and ethnicity, 2002-2010

Race 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
White 53.4 55.2 57.7 59.3 61.3 61.9 61.1 60.9 63.6
Black 53.3 55.4 57.7 58.9 59.6 60.1 59.6 59.3 62.2
Asian 52.7 58.0 59.6 59.2 61.9 62.7 63.0 61.8 65.0
NHOPI 54.9 56.9 59.2 61.6 62.1 65.0 62.9 63.4 66.4
AI/AN 51.4 52.4 54.4 55.6 57.5 58.5 57.5 57.6 60.3
>1 Race 51.6 54.6 58.9 59.5 60.6 59.0 60.5 58.4 60.6

 

Ethnicity 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Non-Hispanic White 53.4 55.2 57.7 59.3 61.3 61.9 61.1 60.9 63.6
Hispanic 51.3 52.9 55.0 55.4 56.5 55.5 54.3 52.6 50.1

Key: NHOPI = Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Outcome and Assessment Information Set (OASIS), 2002-2010.
Denominator: Adult nonmaternity patients completing an episode of skilled home health care.
Note: Starting January 1, 2010, the patient assessment instrument for home health agencies was changed to OASIS-C. Because dyspnea improvement is measured similarly in both the previous and current versions of the assessment instrument, we are presenting 2002 through 2010 trend data.

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Figure 2.58. Short-stay (top) and high-risk long-stay (bottom) nursing home residents with pressure sores, by race/ethnicity, 2000-2010

Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
White 21.8 21.4 21.0 21.1 20.6 20.2 19.6 19.0 18.4 17.3 16.5
Black 28.2 27.3 26.5 25.8 25.0 24.5 23.8 22.7 22.0 20.8 19.8
API 23.0 22.3 22.5 21.7 22.7 22.2 22.3 20.8 20.9 19.4 18.6
AI/AN 24.8 20.8 22.6 22.5 22.4 21.4 21.0 21.0 19.7 18.4 18.4
Hispanic 27.2 26.4 25.4 25.0 24.7 23.8 24.1 23.3 22.1 21.0 20.4

 

Race/Ethnicity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
White 13.3 13.2 13.1 13.3 12.9 12.5 11.9 11.3 11.0 10.3 9.8
Black 17.6 17.7 17.5 17.3 16.8 16.7 16.3 15.5 15.1 14.2 13.6
API 12.5 12.2 12.1 12.1 11.2 11.4 11.3 11.1 11.1 10.4 9.4
AI/AN 16.9 15.4 15.5 16.7 15.5 13.4 14.4 13.1 14.8 13.1 11.8
Hispanic 15.2 15.4 15.1 14.8 14.6 14.2 13.5 13.4 12.9 12.3 11.8

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI /AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Minimum Data Set, 2000-2010. Data for long-stay residents are from the third quarter of each calendar year. Data for short-stay residents are full calendar-year estimates.
Denominator: Short-stay and high-risk long-stay nursing home residents in Medicare- or Medicaid-certified nursing and long-term care facilities.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. White, Black, API, and AI/AN are non-Hispanic groups; Hispanic includes all races.On October 1, 2010, CMS required nursing homes to begin using the Minimum Data Set (MDS) 3.0. The figure uses the earlier MDS 2.0 instrument, which includes data from the first 9 months of 2010.

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Figure 2.59. Hospice patients age 18 and over who did NOT receive the right amount of help for feelings of anxiety or sadness, by race and ethnicity, 2008-2011

Race 2008 2009 2010 2011
White 8.9 8.5 8.7 9.0
Black 14.0 14.9 14.2 14.0
API 19.0 20.5 20.6 23.6
AI/AN 15.0 11.5 13.6 15.8

 

Ethnicity 2008 2009 2010 2011
Non-Hispanic White 8.8 8.4 8.7 8.9
Hispanic 14.7 14.4 13.2 14.3

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, Family Evaluation of Hospice Care, 2008-2011.
Denominator: Adult hospice patients.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better.

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Figure 2.60. Hospice patients age 18 and over whose family caregivers wanted more information about what to expect while the patient was dying, by race and ethnicity, 2008-2011

Race 2008 2009 2010 2011
White 14.7 14.4 14.3 14.8
Black 15.7 16.1 15.7 16.4
API 21.2 23.5 22.6 22.1
AI/AN 17.8 17.3 16.1 16.2

 

Ethnicity 2008 2009 2010 2011
Non-Hispanic White 14.5 14.2 14.2 14.7
Hispanic 19.0 18.5 17.6 18.7

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, Family Evaluation of Hospice Care, 2008-2011.
Denominator: Adult hospice patients.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better.

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Figure 2.61. Hospice patients age 18 and over who did NOT receive care consistent with their stated end-of-life wishes, by race and ethnicity, 2008-2011

Race 2008 2009 2010 2011
White 5.3 5.0 5.2 4.8
Black 12.4 10.9 10.1 11
API 12.9 17.0 9.4 13.8
AI/AN 9.8 10.1 14.4 11.5

 

Ethnicity 2008 2009 2010 2011
Non-Hispanic White 5.2 4.9 5.2 4.7
Hispanic 11.2 10.1 11.0 11.3

Key: API = Asian or Pacific Islander; AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization, Family Evaluation of Hospice Care, 2008-2011.
Denominator: Adult hospice patients.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better.

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Page last reviewed May 2013
Internet Citation: 2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report. May 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhdr12/chap2-text3.html