2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report

Chapter 4, Text Descriptions for Figures

Figure 4.1. Adults who needed care right away for an illness, injury, or condition in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got care as soon as wanted, by race and income, 2002-2009

Race20022003200420052006200720082009
White14.513.413.113.414.713.11413.4
Black1918.417.220.916.517.422.720.4
Asian22.726.326.727.421.317.626.327.7
>1 Race15.8 18.422.519.8  17.7

 

Income20022003200420052006200720082009
Poor22.825.82524.82319.62424.4
Low Income20.317.515.619.720.316.619.719.1
Middle Income15.913.313.514.315.315.414.414.5
High Income9.99.710.31010.59.810.99

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population age 18 and over.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. Data were insufficient for this analysis for multiple race in 2003, 2007, and 2008.

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Figure 4.2. Children who needed care right away for an illness, injury, or condition in the last 12 months who sometimes or never got care as soon as wanted, by ethnicity and language spoken at home, 2002-2009

Ethnicity20022003200420052006200720082009
Non-Hispanic White6.78.17.27.76.56.84.32.6
Non-Hispanic Black7.27.95.06.79.18.46.5 
Hispanic10.613.910.59.36.78.910.010.1

 

Language Spoken20022003200420052006200720082009
English7.28.56.77.86.77.65.03.9
Other12.515.913.112.010.811.610.89.5

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2002-2009.
Denominator: Civilian noninstitutionalized population under age 18.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. The 2009 data for non-Hispanic Blacks did not meet criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

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Figure 4.3. Emergency department visits in which patient had to wait an hour or more by urgency, race, and insurance, 2009-2010

UrgencyWhiteBlackOther
Immediate / Emergent19.328.623.4
Urgent28.339.432.4

 

UrgencyPrivatePublicUninsured
Immediate / Emergent19.424.127
Urgent29.732.834.7

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), 2009-2010.
Denominator (Immediate or Emergent): Visits to U.S. emergency departments with triage assessments of immediate or emergent.
Denominator (Urgent): Visits to U.S. emergency departments with triage assessments of urgent.
Note: For this measure, lower rates are better. Race data were missing for 13.3% of total visits included in this chart. Missing race data were imputed. Standard errors were inflated as described at 2007 NHAMCS Microdata File Documentation, ftp://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/Dataset_Documentation/NHAMCS/. Insurance status is shown for patients under age 65 and classified based on all expected payment sources. Public insurance includes Medicare, Medicaid, and State Children's Health Insurance Program. Uninsured is defined as having "only self-pay" or "no charge/charity" as payment sources.

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Figure 4.4. Hospital patients with heart attack who received percutaneous coronary intervention within 90 minutes, by race/ethnicity, 2005-2010

Race/Ethnicity200520062007200820092010
White43.455.17382.188.191.7
Black29.142.262.274.381.586.3
Hispanic33.846.766.477.585.189
AI/AN43.253.566.269.384.789.8
Asian39.649.869.580.987.291.3

Key: AI/AN = American Indian or Alaska Native.
Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare Quality Improvement Organization Program, 2005-2010.
Denominator: Patients hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction who were appropriate candidates for percutaneous coronary intervention.

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Figure 4.5. Hospital patients with heart attack who received fibrinolytic medication within 30 minutes, by race/ethnicity, 2005-2010

Race/Ethnicity200520062007200820092010
White38.743.651.851.055.763.8
Black27.732.644.537.846.853
Hispanic36.837.843.247.652.847.3
Asian43.945.555.548.258.667.3

Source: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Medicare Quality Improvement Organization Program, 2005-2010.
Denominator: Patients hospitalized with a principal diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction who were appropriate candidates for fibrinolytic medication.

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Page last reviewed May 2013
Internet Citation: 2012 National Healthcare Disparities Report: Chapter 4, Text Descriptions for Figures. May 2013. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhdr12/chap4-text.html