Table 14_3_2-2c

2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 14_3_2.2c
People who identified a hospital, emergency room, or clinic as a source of ongoing care,a by family income,b United States, 2006
Population groupTotalNegative/poorNear poor/lowMiddleHigh
PercentSEPercentSEPercentSEPercentSEPercentSE
Total17.70.428.60.922.00.716.20.611.30.6
Age, not age adjusted0–1722.20.736.41.627.61.317.90.910.90.9
18–4416.60.525.41.319.31.015.90.811.40.8
45–6416.00.628.71.822.61.616.51.111.30.8
65 and over14.80.822.22.217.01.413.01.312.11.4
RaceAI/AN only48.36.264.17.241.68.049.48.3**
Asian only17.11.235.13.924.43.115.82.310.01.5
NHOPI only**********
Black only20.70.830.11.823.61.515.41.410.51.5
White only16.80.526.91.021.10.916.00.711.30.7
Multiple races21.62.429.94.529.15.214.83.617.64.9
EthnicityHispanic, all races25.90.935.21.628.31.521.01.513.51.6
Non-Hispanic, all races16.10.426.21.119.90.815.50.611.10.6
Non-Hispanic, Black20.30.829.71.822.81.615.21.410.21.5
Non-Hispanic, White14.80.522.81.418.41.015.30.711.00.7
GenderMale17.50.527.21.321.81.116.40.811.80.8
Female17.90.529.71.222.30.916.00.710.80.7
Health insurance,c ages 0–64Private12.60.520.82.017.01.113.60.79.80.6
Public35.01.136.91.633.12.033.52.433.93.9
Uninsured24.00.926.81.524.11.422.01.721.32.8
Health insurance, age 65 and overPrivate12.60.912.23.415.12.012.51.311.21.6
Medicare and public28.22.331.93.929.84.224.85.226.55.8
Medicare only12.51.020.43.315.02.09.41.76.91.9
Education, age 25 and overLess than high school23.10.929.01.623.81.720.61.712.62.0
High school graduate16.00.724.91.818.81.314.41.112.81.1
At least some college13.40.520.91.617.31.114.50.811.20.7
Residence locationdMetropolitan16.40.428.61.021.00.814.80.710.20.6
  Large central metro20.20.633.71.424.91.217.51.211.61.0
  Large fringe metro11.20.619.22.217.61.512.21.17.10.7
  Medium metro14.61.027.02.217.21.610.91.310.41.3
  Small metro21.62.227.82.622.73.021.62.816.83.9
Micropolitan (nonmetro)20.22.123.72.420.42.619.82.617.73.6
Noncore (nonmetro)27.93.233.73.730.53.725.93.924.04.6
Activity limitations, age 18 and overdBasic activities22.42.326.93.633.85.121.44.99.81.9
Complex activities23.41.229.02.127.92.718.92.313.72.7
Neither basic nor complex activities15.00.423.51.218.50.915.10.711.40.6

a Estimates are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population, except where indicated.

b Negative/poor refers to household incomes below the Federal poverty line; near poor/low, over the poverty line to just below 200 percent of the poverty line; middle, 200 percent to just below 400 percent of the poverty line; and high, 400 percent of the poverty line and over. Missing values for family income were imputed using multiple imputation methodology. A small number of persons were excluded because their family income could not be imputed.

c A small number of persons who were covered by both public and private health insurance plans were included in the "private health insurance" category only.

d For more information, see the National Health Interview Survey entry in Appendix A, Data Sources.

* - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; NHOPI: Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

 

Current as of September 2009
Internet Citation: Table 14_3_2-2c: 2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. September 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr08/14_facilitators_barrierstocare/T14_3_2-2c.html