Table 8_2_7-2

2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 8_2_7.2
Deaths per 1,000 adult hospital admissions with pneumonia as principal diagnosis (excluding obstetric and neonatal admissions and transfers to another hospital), by race/ethnicity, United States, 2005
Population groupTotalNon-HispanicHispanic, all races
WhiteBlackAPI
RateaSERateaSERateaSERateaSERateaSE
Total49.80.250.90.244.50.654.11.343.90.8
Age18–4413.40.413.20.512.60.717.43.015.01.1
45–6427.70.328.40.424.80.733.42.528.51.2
65 and over63.20.365.20.351.90.967.41.850.91.1
Age65–6939.70.741.60.833.91.740.94.232.52.4
70–7445.50.646.80.739.81.841.14.140.82.3
75–7954.50.656.00.747.22.067.23.843.62.3
80–8465.00.666.40.756.12.264.74.056.52.6
85 and over87.00.688.60.777.22.196.33.870.92.5
GenderMale53.00.356.10.437.10.766.02.142.21.1
Female47.50.351.40.330.60.648.22.036.21.0
Median income of patient's ZIP CodeFirst quartile (lowest income)51.60.454.50.546.60.947.92.943.51.2
Second quartile50.40.451.50.543.11.452.72.945.11.7
Third quartile48.40.449.10.541.01.761.72.641.51.9
Fourth quartile (highest income)47.90.548.10.540.42.153.22.547.42.4
Location of patient residenceLarge central metropolitan46.70.448.50.543.50.947.71.742.31.0
Large fringe metropolitan46.20.446.60.541.31.643.14.447.62.4
Medium metropolitan49.00.549.40.542.11.764.23.147.02.0
Small metropolitan51.40.752.00.846.92.771.611.540.04.2
Micropolitan (nonmetro)57.20.657.20.658.02.585.75.248.13.2
Noncore (nonmetro)58.60.759.40.750.53.0138.915.540.25.0
Expected payment sourcePrivate insurance53.00.753.70.849.02.161.04.950.72.8
Medicare49.00.250.10.342.90.753.81.542.00.9
Medicaid49.81.053.61.547.81.947.84.045.02.2
Other insurance68.72.072.82.448.35.8126.316.254.07.1
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge60.61.863.22.354.73.940.511.458.44.4
Region of inpatient treatmentNortheast56.30.557.00.552.01.565.53.550.41.9
Midwest45.50.446.90.534.41.364.27.246.16.6
South50.00.351.20.447.61.049.33.743.01.2
West47.30.548.20.642.31.852.31.642.01.3
Ownership/control of hospitalPrivate, not for profit48.50.249.70.341.80.853.11.641.31.0
Private, for profit49.40.550.20.650.91.741.43.245.61.6
Public58.40.659.20.751.71.884.84.554.42.4
Teaching status of hospitalTeaching47.70.448.70.543.91.054.62.644.91.6
Nonteaching50.40.251.40.344.80.854.01.643.60.9
Location of hospitalLarge central metropolitan47.20.449.00.544.20.947.31.742.61.0
Large fringe metropolitan45.30.545.60.540.21.544.04.947.62.5
Medium metropolitan49.10.549.50.541.71.764.03.147.32.0
Small metropolitan50.70.751.10.748.02.585.211.138.04.0
Micropolitan (nonmetro)58.60.658.70.657.42.587.55.348.13.4
Noncore (nonmetro)60.90.961.60.950.23.6141.818.530.47.5
Bed size of hospitalLess than 10057.90.558.30.552.62.165.84.153.62.4
100–29949.70.350.60.444.91.155.81.843.01.2
300–49945.60.446.50.542.61.149.23.041.41.6
500 or more46.80.548.10.643.31.344.43.843.81.9

a Rates are adjusted by age, gender, age-gender interactions, and All Patient Refined-Diagnosis Related Group (APR-DRG) risk of mortality score. When reporting is by age, the adjustment is by gender and APR-DRG risk of mortality score; when reporting is by gender, the adjustment is by age and APR-DRG risk of mortality score.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2005. This file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 23 States: AR, AZ, CA, CO, CT, FL, GA, HI, KS, MA, MD, MI, MO, NH, NJ, NY, OK, RI, SC, TN, TX, VT, and WI.

 

Current as of September 2009
Internet Citation: Table 8_2_7-2: 2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. September 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr08/8_respiratorydiseases/T8_2_7-2.html