Table 8_2_8-1

2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 8_2_8.1
Emergency and outpatient department visits where antibiotics were prescribed for a diagnosis of common cold per 10,000 population,a United States, 2000–2001 and 2005–2006
Population group2005–2006c2000–2001d
RateSERateSE
Total90.917.1183.422.1
Age0–17135.531.0334.244.8
18–4469.819.5152.030.3
45–6483.822.296.424.4
65 and over****
GenderMale90.419.4182.724.3
Female91.422.8184.027.2
RacebWhite only95.518.1195.425.0
Black only**155.634.1
Asian only****
AI/AN only****
Multiple races****
LocationMSA80.919.0196.626.5
Non-MSA**135.134.5

a Number of antibiotic courses ordered, supplied, administered, or continued at a specific visit for persons diagnosed with the common cold (ICD-9-CM codes 460.0, 465, or 472.0) per 10,000 population.

b The 2000–2001 data for Asian are Asian and Pacific Islander collected in aggregate.

c Estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population used in calculating visit rates by age, sex, race, and geographic region are from special tabulations developed by the Population Division, U.S. Census Bureau, using the July 1, 2005, and July 1, 2006, set of State population estimates and reflect Census 2000 data.

d Year 2000 rates use U.S. Census Bureau monthly postcensal estimates of the civilian noninstitutional population as of July 1, 2000, and have been adjusted for net underenumeration using the 1990 National Population Adjustment Matrix. Regional estimates were provided by the Division of Health Interview Statistics (DHIS), National Center for Health Statistics, and are also based on U.S. census estimates of the civilian noninstitutionalized population as of July 1, 2000.

* - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: AI/AN: American Indian or Alaska Native; MSA: metropolitan statistical area; SE: standard error.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

 

Current as of September 2009
Internet Citation: Table 8_2_8-1: 2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. September 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr08/8_respiratorydiseases/T8_2_8-1.html