Effectiveness of Care: Low Income Groups

2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Low-Income Groups
Composite measure: Adults age 50 and over who received colorectal cancer screening (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, proctoscopy, or (in the last 2 years) fecal occult blood test [FOBT])
Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider ever gave advice about the amount and kind of exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies they should have
People who had a dental visit in the calendar year
 


Low-Income Groups

Measure Title

Composite measure: Adults age 50 and over who received colorectal cancer screening (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, proctoscopy, or (in the last 2 years) fecal occult blood test [FOBT]).

Measure Source

Healthy People 2010.

Tables

1_3_1.2 Men and women age 50 and over who reported they ever had a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, or proctoscopy, or had a fecal occult blood test within the last 2 years, United States, 2005, by:

  • Race.
  • Ethnicity.
  • Family income.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), National Health Interview Survey (NHIS).

Denominator

U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population age 50 and over.

Numerator

Number of adults age 50 and over who report receiving a colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, proctoscopy, or fecal occult blood test.

Comments

Data are age adjusted to the 2000 standard population. Age-adjusted rates are weighted sums of age-specific rates. For a discussion of age adjustment, see Part A, Section 5 of Tracking Healthy People 2010.

This measure is based on two Healthy People 2010 measures, referred to as 3-12a and 3-12b in Healthy People 2010 documentation.

This measure and its tables are also presented in other relevant sections of the National Healthcare Disparities Report.

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Low Income

Measure Title

Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider ever gave advice about the amount and kind of exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies they should have.

Measure Source

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends (CFACT), Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).

Tables

6_3_2.3 Children ages 2-17 for whom a health provider ever gave advice about the amount and kind of exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies they should have, United States, 2005, by:

  • Race.
  • Ethnicity.
  • Family income.

Data Source

AHRQ, CFACT, MEPS.

Denominator

Children ages 2-17, excluding nonrespondents to the question, “Has a doctor or other health provider ever given advice about amount and kind of exercise, sports, or physically active hobbies (person) should have?”

Numerator

Children ages 2-17 for whom a doctor or other health provider had ever given advice about amount and kind of physical activity.

Comments

This measure and its tables are also presented in other relevant sections of the National Healthcare Disparities Report.

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Low Income

Measure Title

People who had a dental visit in the calendar year.

Measure Source

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Financing, Access, and Cost Trends (CFACT), Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS).

Tables

15_1_3.1 People who had a dental visit in the calendar year, United States, 2005, by:

  • Race.
  • Ethnicity.
  • Family income.
  • Education.

Data Source

AHRQ, CFACT, MEPS.

Denominator

U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population.

Numerator

U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population who reported at least one dental visit.

Comments

This measure and its tables are also presented in other relevant sections of the National Healthcare Disparities Report.

Return to Measure Specifications

Current as of September 2009
Internet Citation: Effectiveness of Care: Low Income Groups: 2008 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. September 2009. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr08/measurespec/low-income_groups.html