T6_2_1_2

2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports

The National Healthcare Quality Report (NHQR) is a comprehensive national overview of quality of health care in the United States. It is organized around four dimensions of quality of care: effectiveness, patient safety, timeliness, and patient centeredness.

Table 6_2_1.2
Birth trauma - injury to newborn per 1,000 live births,a by race/ethnicity, United States, 2008
    Non-Hispanic  
  TotalWhiteBlackAPIHispanic, all races
Population groupRateSERateSERateSERateSERateSE
Total 2.30.12.60.12.00.12.40.31.90.2
GenderMale2.40.12.70.12.20.22.10.32.10.2
Female2.20.12.40.11.70.22.80.41.80.2
Median income of patient's ZIP CodeFirst quartile (lowest income)2.20.12.70.21.80.22.60.51.80.2
Second quartile2.30.12.50.12.00.22.50.41.80.3
Third quartile2.40.12.50.12.10.31.90.42.30.2
Fourth quartile (highest income)2.40.22.50.22.40.32.60.52.00.2
Location of patient residenceLarge central metropolitan2.10.22.30.22.00.21.90.32.10.3
Large fringe metropolitan2.60.22.80.22.30.22.90.42.20.2
Medium metropolitan2.10.12.20.21.50.2DSUDSU1.80.2
Small metropolitan2.40.22.70.31.70.43.41.01.10.2
Micropolitan2.40.22.60.21.80.52.30.71.30.3
Noncore2.80.33.00.42.20.6DSUDSU1.70.5
Expected payment sourcePrivate insurance2.40.12.50.12.10.22.40.31.80.1
MedicareDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSU
Medicaid2.20.12.60.21.90.22.90.51.80.1
Other insurance2.40.32.40.3DSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSU
Uninsured/self-pay/no charge2.50.62.60.41.40.3DSUDSUDSUDSU
Region of inpatient treatmentNortheast2.80.23.10.32.20.32.30.42.00.3
Midwest2.20.12.30.21.70.3DSUDSU1.70.3
South2.40.22.70.22.10.22.40.42.20.4
West2.00.12.20.11.20.22.50.51.70.1
Ownership/control of hospitalPrivate, not for profit2.30.12.60.12.00.22.50.41.80.1
Private, for profit1.70.11.90.21.80.31.50.41.40.2
Public2.80.43.20.41.90.22.90.72.90.7
Teaching status of hospitalTeaching2.60.22.80.22.30.22.90.62.60.5
Nonteaching2.20.12.50.11.80.12.10.31.60.1
Location of hospitalLarge central metropolitan2.20.22.40.22.10.22.20.32.10.3
Large fringe metropolitan2.40.22.70.22.00.22.20.42.10.2
Medium metropolitan2.10.22.30.21.70.2DSUDSU1.60.2
Small metropolitan2.30.22.50.31.80.3DSUDSU1.40.4
Micropolitan2.50.32.70.31.60.5DSUDSU1.30.3
Noncore3.20.63.60.8DSUDSUDSUDSUDSUDSU
Bed size of hospitalLess than 1002.20.22.50.31.30.3DSUDSU1.00.2
100-2992.40.22.60.22.10.32.70.61.80.1
300-4992.20.12.50.21.90.22.20.31.60.2
500 or more2.50.32.50.22.10.22.30.52.80.6

a. Consistent with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Patient Safety Indicators (PSI) software, exclusions include newborns weighing less than 2,000 grams and newborns with injury to brachial plexus or with osteogenesis imperfecta. Rates are observed rates and are not adjusted for gender or severity.

DSU - Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability, data quality, or confidentiality.

Key: API: Asian or Pacific Islander; SE: standard error.

Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), Center for Delivery, Organization, and Markets, Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, State Inpatient Databases, disparities analysis file, 2007, and AHRQ Quality Indicators, modified version 4.1. The analysis file is designed to provide national estimates on disparities using weighted records from a sample of hospitals from the following 31 States: Arkansas, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.

 

Page last reviewed March 2012
Internet Citation: T6_2_1_2: 2011 National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Reports. March 2012. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD. http://www.ahrq.gov/research/findings/nhqrdr/nhqrdr11/6_maternalchildhealth/T6_2_1_2.html